A credit score is a number ranging from 300 to 850 that determines the customer’s creditworthiness. A credit score is based on your credit history (number of open accounts, the total level of debt, and repayment history), and the higher it is, the more attractive the borrower is. Lenders use credit scores to evaluate the probability that an individual taking, for example, a home equity loan for bad credit Chicago, will repay the loan promptly.
A credit score between 580 and 669 is considered either fair or bad as lenders often refer to this group as “subprime”, which means they may have a hard time repaying a loan, while a credit score between 300 and 579 is considered to be very poor. Here is a list of credit score ratings and how it can affect your financial status:
- 300 – 579 – This is considered a very poor credit score, and 16% of people have it. Credit applicants with this credit score may be required to pay a fee or deposit, and they may not be approved for credit.
- 580 – 669 – This is considered to be a fair credit score, and 18% of people have it. Applicants with scores in this range are considered to be subprime borrowers.
- 670 – 739 – This is considered to be a good credit score, and 21% of people have it. Only 8% of applicants in this score range are likely to become seriously delinquent in the future.
- 740 – 799 – This is considered to be a very good credit score, and 25% of people have it. Applicants with this score range are likely to receive better than average rates from lenders.
- 800 – 850 – This is considered to be an exceptional credit score, and 20% of people have it. Applicants with scores in this range are at the top of the list for the best rates from lenders.
What affects your credit score
Several factors affect your credit score, and the two most important are:
- Payment history – Your bill payment history makes up 35% of your credit score. Constantly making payments on time will improve the score, while missing payments will hurt it.
- Amounts owed – Your credit utilization ratio (how much of your available revolving credit you are using at any given time) makes for 30% of your credit score. the more you owe relative to your total credit limit, the lower your score is. Try to maintain a ratio of 30% or less to avoid hurting it, and under 6% for top credit scores.
There are three more factors which affect your credit score to a lesser degree:
- Length of credit history – It makes up 15% of your score, and the older your credit accounts are, the higher the score is.
- New credit – This makes up 10% of a credit score, and the more new credit accounts you apply for in a short period, the more you are considered to have possible financial problems.
- Credit mix – The credit score also considers the different types of credit used by a consumer. A good mix of installment credit and revolving credit shows you can manage different types of accounts, which can help your credit.
How a poor credit score affects your financial status
Having a low credit score can affect you in many ways:
- Higher interest rates – Lenders see those with low scores as a higher risk and will change interest rates accordingly. For example, a higher interest rate on your home mortgage can cost you tens of thousands of dollars over the life of the loan.
- Hard time getting a mortgage – With mortgages being very large loans, lenders want to make sure you will not default on them. This may lead to higher interest rates or lenders may reject your application.
- Risk of being denied credit – If you have a poor history of managing your credit, your loan application may be rejected.
- Difficulty getting approved for an apartment or cellphone contract – Providers avoid losing money with risky customers.
- You could be turned down for a job – If you are applying for a position with financial responsibilities, although your employer can’t access your credit score, they can request your credit report.
- Difficulty obtaining a small business loan – For those running small businesses poor credit could make it difficult or impossible to borrow money to help the company.
“What is Credit Score and How it Affects Your Financial Status” is one of the most asked financial questions on the Internet, as we were told by digital marketing agency Chicago. Having a low credit score can present serious problems with your finances. It is very important to understand how credit scores work and what causes bad credit score, so you can manage your credit responsibly and enjoy more financial opportunities as you improve your score. If you are looking to improve your credit score, call us and get a home equity loan for bad credit Chicago.
How to get a business credit card with bad personal credit
Dear Business Banter,
I want to start a business, but I have bad credit. What are my options? – James
Although an impressive credit history and high credit scores aren’t required to start a business, they sure help! After all, you may soon want to borrow funds from a financial institution so you can do everything from pay for the costs of a launch to managing ongoing operations.
To appeal to a lender, your past credit history will be relevant. Thankfully, you can overcome the problems associated with bad credit to qualify for a business credit card—and a loan, since that might be necessary too.
Have a business question for Erica? Drop her a line at the Ask Bankrate Experts page.
Build up your score
Since your business has yet to begin, you don’t have a business credit profile that can help you qualify for credit products. Therefore, lenders will assess your personal creditworthiness to determine qualification and set terms.
To know what is dragging your credit scores down, pull your credit reports up. You can get a report from each of the three credit reporting agencies—Experian, TransUnion and Equifax—once a year for free from annualcreditreport.com.
The information listed in the sections for trade lines, public record, and credit inquiries of your credit report is all inputted into scoring models, so read your reports carefully. If you spot any inaccuracies, file a dispute with one of the credit reporting agencies. The one you use will notify the other two, and your files will be updated.
To improve your scores (even when the negative data is still being listed):
- Pay all credit accounts on time. Although late payments hurt credit scores (especially when there are many, or accounts are seriously delinquent), establishing a perfect payment history from this point forward will help mend the damage.
- Reduce credit card debt. If you have credit cards and they’re maxed out, reduce the balance to well below the credit limit.
- Open up a credit card. Consider opening a personal credit card. Many credit cards are created specifically for people with bad credit. Once you have it, choose a small bill to charge each month, then pay it off in full and on time.
- Add utility and cell phone accounts to your report. The more on-time payments you have on your credit report, the better. Experian has a free Boost program where you can add non-credit accounts to your file. Those payments should help give your FICO 8 credit score at least a few extra points.
With this strategy, your credit score will increase over time.
Get a business credit card
Although you can use a personal credit card for your business, it’s better to get one specifically for your company. They offer benefits that are designed to help business owners do everything from handle their enterprise’s expenses to helping with accounting.
Just be aware that these cards remain your personal responsibility. Even if it’s in your business’s name, you will be on the hook for all payments and any outstanding debt.
So, how can you get a business credit card with bad personal credit? When your scores are at least in the “good” range, start looking into the business credit card options that are available. As you’ll see, there are many from which to choose, so give this task plenty of time.
Be aware that some business cards are charge cards while others are credit cards. With a charge card, there is no preset limit, but you’ll need to pony up the entire balance within about 30 days. With a credit card, there is a maximum amount you can charge, but you can pay at least the minimum requested payment and then revolve the rest. Ultimately, you may want one of each.
When your scores are at least in the “good” range, start looking into the business credit card options that are available.
Almost all business cards have rewards programs attached to them, so read over the program’s details and focus on those that you’ll use. For example, if you think traveling will be in your future, concentrate on a card that gives you the best perks for flights, airport amenities, hotels and car rentals.
Many business credit cards offer excellent sign-up bonuses, too, where you would receive a large amount of points, cash or miles after spending a certain amount with the card within a few months of activation.
Some also offer 0 percent APRs for a fixed number of months, which will give you a nice amount of time to pay for your venture’s needs before financing fees are assessed. As long as you pay the debt in full before the real rate begins, you get a free loan! As you use the card, you’ll be racking up rewards.
These programs differ, so make sure it’s a good match. One card may offer an exceptional reward value for restaurant meals, while another gives the most for things like office products.
Finally, prepare for annual fees. Not all cards charge them, but if you get more out of the account by way of perks and rewards, you’ll come out ahead. Choose wisely.
Look into loans
Credit and charge cards tend to be great for short-term financing, while business loans are preferable for big-ticket expenses that you want to pay off over several years.
To get a business loan with the best terms, it’s best to wait until your credit is in decent shape. However, if you must borrow a significant amount of money right away and then pay in equal installment payments, there are startup business loans for bad credit.
Loans with no credit checks still pass through an approval process, but the lender analyzes your assets and income for approval instead of your credit history. If it appears that you can make the payments that are associated with the loan, it should be approved. Other lenders do check credit reports and scores, but the standards for qualification are low.
In either case, loans that are developed for people with bad credit tend to be smaller and come with higher interest rates than those for people who have good credit.
Whichever loan you get, simply pay it off according to the agreement. Assuming the lender furnishes information to the credit reporting agencies (most do, but if you get a “no credit check loan,” ask the lender to be sure), it will help your credit scores rise.
Take these simple steps and you’ll not only repair your bad credit but will have the good credit products for your business!
To qualify for a business credit card (and a business loan), take action to improve your personal credit history.
Shape up your FICO score, identify the right business card for your needs and consider a business loan.
Home Equity Loan With Bad Credit: Can It Be Done?
Our goal is to give you the tools and confidence you need to improve your finances. Although we receive compensation from our partner lenders, whom we will always identify, all opinions are our own. Credible Operations, Inc. NMLS # 1681276, is referred to here as “Credible.”
Home equity loans let you turn your equity into cash, which you can use to pay for home improvements, unexpected medical expenses, or any other bills you might be facing.
Generally, lenders require at least a 620 credit score to qualify for a home equity loan. If your score isn’t quite there yet, though, you still have options.
Here’s how you may be able to get a home equity loan with bad credit:
- Check your credit and try to improve it
- Find out your debt-to-income ratio
- Find out how much equity you have
- Think about bringing on a cosigner
- Shop around for the best rates
- Consider alternatives to bad credit home equity loans
1. Check your credit and try to improve it
To start, head to AnnualCreditReport.com and pull your credit. You get one free report from all three credit bureaus per year.
Once you have your credit report, check it for errors and evidence of identity theft, such as accounts you don’t recognize and credit cards that aren’t yours. Reporting these to the credit bureau can help improve your score. So can taking these steps:
- Pay all your bills on time: Payment history — or your track record of payments — accounts for 35% of your score, so make it a point to pay all of your bills on time, every time.
- Pay down your debts: Lenders want to see a credit utilization rate of 30% or less — meaning your balances account for 30% or less than your total available credit.
- Keep credit cards open: How long your accounts have been open impacts 15% of your credit score, so avoid closing accounts — even once you’ve paid them off.
- Avoid applying for new cards: This will result in hard credit inquiries, which can hurt your score.
Learn More: How Your Credit Score Impacts Mortgage Rates
2. Find out your debt-to-income ratio
Most lenders want a DTI of 43% or lower. A low DTI can help improve your chances of getting a loan, especially if you have a lower credit score, since it indicates less risk for the borrower.
3. Find out how much equity you have
How much equity you have in your home, as well as your loan-to-value ratio, will determine whether you qualify for a home equity loan — and how much you can borrow. To find out yours, you’ll need to get an appraisal, which is a professional evaluation of your home’s value. The national average cost of a home appraisal is $400, according to home remodeling site Fixr.
Once the appraisal is finished, you can calculate your loan-to-value ratio by dividing your outstanding mortgage loan balance by your home’s value.
4. Think about bringing on a cosigner
Bringing in a family member or friend with excellent credit to cosign your bad credit loan can help your case, too. If you do go this route, make sure they understand what it means for their finances. Though you may not intend for them to make payments, they’re just as responsible for the loan as you.
5. Shop around for the best rates
A lower credit score will typically mean a higher interest rate, so it’s incredibly important you shop around and compare your options before moving forward. Get rate quotes from at least three to five lenders, and make sure to compare each loan estimate line by line, as fees and closing costs can vary, too.
Credible makes comparing rates easy. While Credible doesn’t offer rates for home equity loans, you can get quotes for a cash-out refinance — another strategy for tapping your home equity. Get prequalified in just three minutes.
6. Consider alternatives to bad credit home equity loans
A bad credit score can make it hard to get a home equity loan — especially one with a low interest rate. If you’re finding it difficult to qualify for an affordable one, you might consider one of these alternatives:
Cash-out refinances replace your existing mortgage loan with a new, higher balance one. You then get the difference between the two balances in cash.
Personal loans offer fast funding, and you don’t need collateral either. Rates can be a bit higher than on home equity loans and refinances, though, so it’s even more important to shop around. A tool like Credible can help here.
Compare multiple lenders
If you have bad credit, there are still ways to tap your home equity or borrow cash if you need it. Head to Credible to see what personal loan options and mortgage refinance rates you might qualify for. With Credible, you can easily compare prequalified rates from all of our partner lenders without leaving our platform.
A Look Back At Housing 2020: Rental Housing Gets Riskier
According to the American Housing Survey cited in a recent article, there are about 48 million rental housing units in the United States ranging from single-family homes to large multifamily apartment complexes. Of those 48 million units about 23 million are owned by individuals, according to a recent Rental Housing Finance Survey; that’s more than half of the occupied units in the country. Yet private rental housing providers have been under relentless attack in recent years increasing risks and costs. This has worsened in 2020 as I have pointed out. More risk means fewer housing units and higher prices, not a good outlook for the future.
Any business based on renting assets is based on risk. Think about the last time you went bowling. When you rent the shoes, the person behind the counter often will hold a driver’s license? Why? It’s a way of offsetting the risk that you’ll go home with the shoes either on purpose or accidentally. Nobody wants to deal with a lost driver’s license. Offsetting this risk has absolutely nothing to do with you or your trustworthiness; it is uniformly applied and routine.
Housing providers have to similarly offset the risk of allowing a stranger occupy their private property. There are several ways of doing this, including using credit checks. But lately, politicians are beginning to eliminate the credit check from the tools that housing providers can use to offset risk. Minneapolis for example has eliminated credit checks arguing that they are a “barrier” to housing.
Is race a factor in bad credit and thus a barrier to people of color to get housing? The fact is, yes, African American people have more credit issues. But would eliminating credit checks help them? The answer is, “No.”
An article in the Washington Post, “Credit scores are supposed to be race-neutral. That’s impossible,” is emblematic of how this issue plays among the public and policy makers. The author says two contradictory things. First,
“This would lead one to think that credit-score calculations can’t be biased. But factors that are included or excluded in the algorithms used to create a credit score can have the same effect as lending decisions made by prejudiced White loan officers.”
Then she writes,
“One quick way to impact your credit history is a court-ordered judgment. And Black borrowers are more likely to fare badly when taken to court by their creditors. Debt-collection lawsuits that end in default judgments also disproportionately go against Blacks, according to a 2020 Pew Charitable Trusts report.”
Logically, the right way to state this is that credit measures are biased against people who have default judgments against them, and African Americans have higher rates of defaults. Then the next question would be, “Why?” The most obvious answer is the right one, poverty is disproportionately concentrated among people of color.
But eliminating credit checks for housing won’t help that problem. If a housing provider is unable to evaluate risk based on past financial performance her only option will be to raise rents and deposit amounts in case there is a problem; that extra cash would provide a buffer if a resident stops paying rent. This won’t help anyone with less money. What’s the response to that? Ban rent increases by imposing rent control! That’s a bad idea too and won’t help either.
The answer is to figure out how people who have less money and therefore have more issues making ends meet can solve that problem and improve their credit scores. The author of the Washington Post article makes a sensible suggestion: include steady rent payments in credit scores. Some housing providers do, and it’s a great idea. But it is a positive one that actually helps the family; banning quantitative measures of past financial performance doesn’t.
The danger that unfolded in 2020 is that justifiable outrage about racism could lead to interventions that don’t address poverty and it’s negative consequences like default judgments but elimination of accepted measures of those consequences. Eliminating the evidence of poverty – struggling to pay bills – doesn’t help pay the bills! At best, these kinds of measures sweep the problem under the rug ensuring higher rents and making housing a risky business only big corporations will be able to do.
The answer is to address the broader underlying issues of poverty and increasing housing production. When there is more supply of housing providers compete with providers for residents and will be forced to bargain with potential residents, even those with dings or dents or completely destroyed credit. Housing abundance solves a housing problem while eliminating measure of risk only makes that risk higher and actually creates a housing problem.
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