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Pros And Cons Of Cosigning For A Credit Card And Two Alternatives – Forbes Advisor

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Cosigning for a credit card is the process of applying for a new account with someone else. If the card issuer approves your application, you and your loved one will share a joint account. You’re both equally liable for any charges made and, if your cosigner doesn’t pay the bill, the card issuer will expect you to pick up the tab. While cosigning used to be relatively common, not every issuer offers this option anymore.

Joint credit cards are a potential solution for couples who want to streamline their finances. Parents who are trying to help their children establish credit may consider cosigning for credit cards as well. Yet, just because a joint credit card might help you solve a problem, doesn’t mean that cosigning is your best option.

As with any other financial decision, there are pros and cons to sharing a credit card account with another person.

Pros to Cosigning for a Credit Card

1. It might be easier to qualify or to secure better terms.

Qualifying for new credit cards can be tough for someone with a limited or bad credit history. That’s especially true to qualify for cards that offer attractive benefits or rewards.

When you cosign for a credit-challenged loved one, your good credit rating can work in their favor. Not only could your good credit and additional income make it easier for your friend or family member to qualify for a credit card, but it might also lead to lower interest rates, higher credit limits and better terms overall.

2. Your joint account holder’s credit might benefit, and so could yours.

When used wisely, credit cards have the potential to improve your credit scores. With joint accounts, such credit-boosting benefits may extend to both cardholders. It’s critical to make every payment on time and keep your credit utilization ratio low on the account. (Credit utilization is the ratio between your credit card limits and balances.)

Poorly managed credit cards could damage the credit of all parties involved rather than improving it.

3. You can combine credit card rewards and reduce the number of bills to manage.

A joint credit card can be easier to manage if you share your finances with someone else. With a joint account, you receive a single monthly bill. Tracking credit card rewards can be simpler as well. However, it’s worth noting that you can achieve a simple bill and rewards management system without cosigning by using cards that offer straightforward rewards.

Cons of Cosigning for a Credit Card

1. Your credit scores will be at risk.

Joint credit cards show up on the credit reports of both account holders. So, as mentioned, the credit card can either hurt or help both of your credit scores. It comes down to how you and your cosigner manage the account.

Of course, late payments or a default can inflict severe credit score damage on both borrowers. No matter who makes the charge on a joint credit card, you’re both responsible for the bill. Even if you or your cosigner always pay on time, the simple act of carrying a high balance on the card compared to your credit limit could hurt you both as well. (It could also cost you more money in interest fees.)

2. Future borrowing capacity could be limited when you apply for new financing.

Carrying a balance on a joint credit card doesn’t just have the potential to lower credit scores. Even with good credit, joint credit card debt could make it hard to qualify for new financing in the future.

When you apply for new financing, the lender will consider your existing debts versus your income. This calculation is known as your debt-to-income ratio or DTI. Essentially, the more outstanding debt you owe on your credit report, the less future borrowing power you have.

3. Cosigning can damage relationships.

One of the biggest risks of cosigning is the damage it can inflict on your relationships. For example, you might cosign for your child’s credit card with the understanding that she’ll only use a portion of the credit limit and will pay the bill. But if your child manages the account poorly, it can lead to serious consequences for both of you.

When you cosign, you have to remember that you’re equally responsible for the debt, no matter what type of verbal agreement you make with your loved one.

4. Joint debt is difficult to separate after the fact.

Joint credit card debt can be tough to navigate in the event of a separation or divorce. Even if your divorce decree states that your ex-spouse is responsible for the balance on the account, the lender won’t see it that way. You’ll both still be liable for the debt until it’s paid off or consolidated with a new loan or credit card that belongs to just one of you.

Joint Credit Cards vs. Authorized User Status

Some people confuse joint credit cards with authorized user status. And since either option results in credit cards under multiple names being tied to the same account, that confusion is understandable. Yet there are significant differences between cosigning for a credit card and becoming an authorized user.

Joint Credit Cards

When you open a joint credit card, both you and your cosigner accept equal liability for any charges you make on the account. The account and its history will show up on your three credit reports and the three credit reports of your joint account holder as well.

Spouses sometimes prefer joint credit cards, but they’re popular among children and parents as well. Thanks to the Credit Card Accountability, Responsibility and Disclosure Act of 2009 (CARD Act), consumers under the age of 21 may need a cosigner to open a credit card account unless they have independent income or assets.

Authorized Users

Most credit card issuers allow you to add authorized users (AUs) onto your account. When you make this request, you’ll receive a card in your loved one’s name. If you give the card to your loved one, he or she can begin to make charges on your account. Often, the account will also show up on your friend or relative’s credit reports and could help him or her begin to establish credit.

When an AU makes charges on your account, you can earn credit card rewards just like you would if you made those purchases yourself. So, if you’re considering a joint credit card to streamline the rewards-earning process, the authorized user strategy can accomplish this same goal.

When you authorize someone else to use your account, you maintain control as the primary account holder. You can remove AUs from your credit card whenever you wish, at which point they’ll no longer be able to make purchases. In the meantime, you’re on the hook for any charges your AU makes. The AU generally isn’t liable. But an authorized user generally can’t request credit limit increases, add additional AUs or dispute fraudulent charges.

Alternatives to Cosigning

There are several reasons why you might consider cosigning for a credit card with a spouse or loved one. Yet before you agree to take on the risk of sharing a joint debt with someone else, you should consider these two alternatives.

Secured Credit Card

One alternative to cosigning for a credit card is for you to help your loved one to open a secured credit card. This solution doesn’t work well for couples who want joint credit cards for budgeting or reward-sharing purposes. But if your loved one is over 21 years of age and can’t qualify for a credit card due to credit problems, a secured card might help.

With a secured credit card, the cardholder puts down a deposit that’s usually equal to the credit limit on the account. So, a $500 deposit should give you a $500 credit limit. Because you’re backing the account with your personal funds, the risk to the card issuer is considerably lower. As a result, it’s much easier to qualify for a secured credit card than a standard unsecured card, even if you have no credit established or bad credit.

Authorized User

Arguably the best alternative to cosigned or joint credit cards is the authorized user strategy, explained above. Adding a family member or friend to your credit card as an authorized user has several advantages.

Adding an authorized user may help loved ones who:

  • Prefers to simplify budgeting by using the same credit card.
  • Wants to earn credit card rewards on the same account.
  • Can’t qualify for a credit card on their own due to credit issues.
  • Needs help establishing credit for the first time.

As you can see, adding your partner or child as an authorized user may accomplish many of the same goals as cosigning. Yet the risk involved with authorized user account status is easier for you to keep under control.

Bottom Line

Cosigning for credit card accounts isn’t as common as it used to be. In fact, if you want to open a joint credit card with someone else, you’ll have to do some extra homework to find card issuers that still allow it. And before you do, think carefully about both the benefits along with what could go wrong before you make a commitment.

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What is a Subprime Mortgage?

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What is a subprime mortgage? If you’re asking this question, chances are good you’re either trying to borrow for a home with poor credit or you’ve been offered a loan you’re concerned is a subprime loan. We’ll explain the answer to the question “what is a subprime mortgage?” and discuss some of the risks and alternatives.

What is a subprime mortgage?

Prime loans usually offer competitive interest rates to well-qualified borrowers. A subprime mortgage is similar to a conventional mortgage, except it has a higher interest rate. Subprime loans are geared toward borrowers with bad credit who can’t qualify for a prime mortgage at the best rates. Lenders take a bigger risk with subprime loans, so they charge substantially higher rates due to the borrower’s poor credit history.

If you have a credit score below 620, you may not be able to qualify for a prime mortgage, but you might get a subprime mortgage.

Types of subprime mortgages

There are multiple types of subprime mortgage loans. However, one particular type of loan — an adjustable-rate mortgage — is especially common for subprime mortgages.

Adjustable-rate mortgages

Many subprime mortgages are adjustable-rate mortgages, or ARMs. The introductory rate on an ARM is fixed for a limited time. For example, a 5/1 ARM provides a fixed rate for five years. After that, the rate adjusts based on a financial index.

That means your interest rate may go down — but it could go up, too. ARMs carry more risk than fixed rate loans. If interest rates rise, monthly payments could increase. If you take out an adjustable loan, find out how high your payment could go. Don’t assume you’ll always be able to refinance or sell your home before it adjusts.

Fixed-rate mortgages

With fixed-rate subprime mortgages, the interest rate remains the same for the entire repayment period. Since the rate doesn’t change, payments don’t change.

The important question is, what is a subprime mortgage interest rate you’d qualify for? You need to make sure the rate is reasonable and that monthly payments are affordable.

Shop and compare rates from multiple mortgage lenders for poor credit to find the best subprime loan rates. And use a mortgage calculator to see how much your monthly payment would be for any loan you’re considering.

Interest-only mortgages

Interest-only mortgages allow you to pay only interest for a limited time, such as the first five years. This makes monthly payments more affordable, but you don’t make progress in reducing your loan principal.

At the end of the initial period, you’ll begin paying both principal and interest. Your payments may rise substantially because you’ll have a shorter timeline to pay your loan off. If you took a 30-year mortgage and only paid interest for the first 10 years, you’d have just 20 years to pay off your entire principal balance.

Most interest-only loans are also structured as ARMs, so you take the added risk of rates going up and payments rising.

Dignity mortgages

Dignity mortgages are a specific type of subprime loan offered by some lenders. With this type of mortgage, you’ll initially have a high interest rate. But if you make on-time payments for a period of time, your interest rate will eventually be reduced to the prime rate.

Subprime mortgage risks

It’s important to also consider if you’re willing to take on the risk of this type of loan. Some of the biggest risks include:

  • Interest costs will be high: You will pay significantly more mortgage interest over time than if you took out a conventional mortgage.
  • Finding a lender may be difficult: Not all mortgage lenders offer loans to subprime borrowers. You could be limiting your potential loan options.
  • Payments could increase: If you choose an ARM, you face the risk of interest rates going up and payments rising.
  • Foreclosure is possible: If you don’t pay your subprime mortgage loan, your lender will foreclose. Your credit could be severely damaged.

Lenders are required under Dodd-Frank financial reform laws to conduct an “ability-to-repay” assessment. This ensures borrowers are capable of paying back their loans. These mandates can reduce the risk for borrowers. But the bottom line is buying a house with bad credit can create a host of complications.

Alternatives to subprime mortgages

You may be wondering if there are other options. The good news is that there are multiple solutions for borrowers with bad credit. Some of the best options include these government-back loans:

  • FHA loan: FHA lenders often work with borrowers with lower credit. FHA loans are available to borrowers with credit as low as 500 as long as they make a 10% down payment. Borrowers with scores of 580 or higher can get approved with a 3.5% down payment.
  • VA loan: A VA mortgage loan is available to eligible service members and veterans regardless of their poor credit history. The VA doesn’t set a minimum score, but some lenders do.

USDA loan: These allow you to purchase eligible homes in rural areas. More stringent underwriting is required to qualify borrowers with credit scores below 640. But it may still be possible to qualify.

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Indigo Platinum Mastercard Review | NextAdvisor with TIME

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We want to help you make more informed decisions. Some links on this page — clearly marked — may take you to a partner website and may result in us earning a referral commission. For more information, see How We Make Money.

Indigo® Platinum Mastercard®

Indigo® Platinum Mastercard®

  • Intro bonus: No current offer
  • Annual fee: $0 – $99
  • Regular APR: 24.90%
  • Recommended credit score: 300-670 (Bad to Fair)

The Indigo Platinum Mastercard can help you build a better credit score (if you practice good credit habits) with monthly reporting to the three credit bureaus. Unlike many other options for building credit, this is an unsecured credit card, so it doesn’t require a cash deposit as collateral. But you may incur an annual fee, depending on your creditworthiness when you apply.

At a Glance

  • Monthly payment reporting to the three credit bureaus for people with limited credit history or poor credit
  • Annual fee of $0, $59, or $75 the first year, depending on your creditworthiness ($75 version charges a $99 annual fee after the first year)
  • Unsecured credit card with no security deposit required
  • Standard variable APR of 24.9% 

Pros

  • Available to individuals with no credit history or low credit scores

  • Unsecured credit card

  • Annual fee could be as low as $0 depending on your creditworthiness

  • Monthly payments report to all three credit bureaus

Cons

  • No rewards

  • Annual fees vary depending on creditworthiness, and you won’t know your fee until you apply

  • High variable APR

  • $300 credit limit

Additional Card Details

The Indigo Platinum Mastercard is geared toward people with “less than perfect credit” or minimal credit histories. Like other credit-building card options, it doesn’t offer a lot of perks.

You will get a few benefits, like online account access and reporting to all three credit bureaus (Equifax, Experian, and TransUnion). You can also choose from multiple card designs for no extra charge.

Prequalification is another benefit of the Indigo Platinum Mastercard. Prequalifying is a great way to gauge your approval odds and the terms of your offer without filling out a full application and undergoing a credit check, which can temporarily hurt your credit score. If you do choose to apply after pre-qualifying, you’ll still be subject to credit approval with a hard credit inquiry.

Should You Get this Card?

Many credit cards available to people with bad credit scores are secured credit cards that require a cash deposit as collateral. The Indigo Platinum Mastercard offers an alternative to secured cards for building better credit, but has its own drawbacks.

For one, your credit limit is capped at $300. If you’re approved for a version of this card with an annual fee, it’ll be automatically applied, which means your starting limit could be as low as $225. 

The annual fee itself is another drawback. The amount you’re charged will depend on your creditworthiness when you apply. If your approval comes with an annual fee, that $59 or $99 ($75 the first year) charge can quickly add up over time. Consider other cards with no annual fee (and even no annual fee secured credit cards) that may make better long-term options for building a healthier credit profile.

How to Use the Indigo Platinum Mastercard

Because the Indigo Platinum Mastercard doesn’t offer any rewards and your credit limit is just $300, you should use this credit card for the sole purpose of improving your credit score. Only make purchases you can afford to pay off when your statement is due, and pay your bill on time to avoid up to $40 in late fees and a penalty APR up to 29.9%. 

Pro Tip

Building a great credit score, whether you’re starting from no credit history or repairing damaged credit, requires a foundation of good credit habits your credit card can help establish — such as timely payments, low credit utilization, and paying off your balances in full each month.

The Indigo Platinum Mastercard’s low credit limit means you’ll need to be extra careful with your spending to improve your credit score. Using more than 30% of your available credit can hurt your credit utilization rate — one of the most influential factors in your credit score. With a credit limit of $300, that means you should keep your charges below $90.

The goal of a card like Indigo Platinum Mastercard is to, over time, improve your credit score enough to qualify for a better credit card. Use this card to establish and maintain the healthy credit habits (like timely payments in full, low utilization, and consistently paying down balances) that will improve your credit long-term, and help you qualify for a card that’s better suited for your spending habits in the future.

Indigo Platinum Mastercard Compared to Other Cards

Indigo® Platinum Mastercard®

Indigo® Platinum Mastercard®

  • Intro bonus:

    No current offer

  • Annual fee:

    $0 – $99

  • Regular APR:

    24.90%

  • Recommended credit:

    300-670 (Bad to Fair)

  • Learn moreexterna link icon at our partner’s secure site
Citi® Secured Mastercard®

Citi® Secured Mastercard®

  • Intro bonus:

    No current offer

  • Annual fee:

    $0

  • Regular APR:

    22.49% (Variable)

  • Recommended credit:

    (No Credit History)

  • Learn moreexterna link icon at our partner’s secure site
Capital One QuicksilverOne Cash Rewards Credit Card

Capital One QuicksilverOne Cash Rewards Credit Card

  • Intro bonus:

    No current offer

  • Annual fee:

    $39

  • Regular APR:

    26.99% (Variable)

  • Recommended credit:

    (No Credit History)

  • Learn moreexterna link icon at our partner’s secure site

Bottom Line

EDITORIAL INDEPENDENCE

As with all of our credit card reviews, our analysis is not influenced by any partnerships or advertising relationships.

If your credit score isn’t great and you want to start building the credit foundation to move in the right direction, the Indigo Platinum Mastercard can help by reporting your usage to the three credit bureaus — if you practice good habits that will reflect positively on your report. But you may also take on a pricey annual fee and risk high utilization due to the card’s low credit limit. Before applying, consider other cards for bad credit and secured credit cards with no annual fee that may better serve your credit-building goals.

Frequently Asked Questions

The Indigo Platinum Mastercard is a decent option for consumers with poor credit who don’t want to put down a security deposit on a secured credit card. Check your prequalification terms, and compare other options for people with fair credit or bad credit before applying.

The credit limit for the Indigo Platinum Mastercard is $300. If you get approved for a version with an annual fee, your annual fee will be deducted from your credit limit.

The Indigo Platinum Mastercard is an unsecured credit card, so you do not have to put down a cash deposit as collateral.

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Akron community supports council recommendations on police reform

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Doug Livingston
 
| Akron Beacon Journal

Critics on either side of the police reform debate see promise in what Akron City Council has done.

The union representing officers “can work with” the eight recommendations in council’s 22-page report on Reimagining Public Safety, which was released publicly this week.

The head of the Akron NAACP is applauding the time and consideration council committed to do “something that definitely needed done.”

And the Rev. Greg Harrison, a retired Akron detective a regular critic of local lawmakers who fail to understand the inner working of the city’s police force, praised council members for allowing officers to educate them on policing in Akron before putting together “substantial” and “solid” recommendations.

“I am very surprised, because really I did not think that the council was going to come up with such substantial recommendations,” said Harrison. “I am surprised, but I’m happy. I think the recommendations, if implemented, put us light years ahead of what any task force can come up with.”

Eleven of the 13 City Council members present Monday afternoon unanimously supported a resolution adopting the recommendations. But that’s all they are, at this point: recommendations to work with the next police chief, the mayor and community partners to craft legislation after collecting public input.

And some of these recommendations have been recommended before.

The first — to give the city’s independent police auditor enough staff and resources to do his job — has been sought by the community since the position was created in the early 2000s. It was a priority in a 2011 report by the Police Executive Research Forum, an independent firm of law enforcement experts who dived into policing in Akron when leaders kicked around the idea of reforms more than a decade ago.

“I want to applaud them for taking the time to do what they did,” Judith Hill, president of the Akron NAACP said after looking over the recommendations. “I think it was important and it was something that definitely needed to be done.

“And I know this is the beginning of a process,” she continued, “but I don’t see anything that sets aside funding to support changes.”

Some recommendations, like crisis intervention training to all officers, identify limited funding as a barrier.

On that, Fraternal Order of Police Lodge No. 7 President Clay Cozart agrees with some of the loudest advocates for change.

“It’s going to require more officers. It’s going to require more training. And it’s going to require more funding, and that’s probably the most difficult issue to tackle,” Cozart said.

He added that he found it “disingenuous” that council, though reaching out to him Sunday, waited until 10 minutes before the recommendations went public on Monday to share them with him.

General approval of the eight recommendations, which can be viewed at https://bit.ly/3piHNyc, was not without some concern. The Beacon Journal sought but received no comment from Police Cheif Ken Ball, who is retiring in February, or Maj. Michael Caprez. 

Cozart said ramping up foot and bike patrols is fine, as long as an officer in danger isn’t left high and dry because backup is walking to get there.

Harrison paused when he got to language about hiring. Candidates are screened and questioned on their bad credit reports and drug offenses, which could be minor and nonviolent. This interview process, which involves a lie detector test, determines whether they get hired.

“They have absolute control of recommending or not recommending them,” Harrison said of sergeants doing the background investigations of potential cadets. “When they say it’s an honesty issue, that’s a judgement call. And when you’re talking about implicit biases, a lot of those biases come into play.”

Hill said she and members of her community have a strong interest in some citizen oversight committee. Council, instead, recommended strengthening the police auditor’s position, which Hill said she was something sought “across the board” in the community.

Now, she said, lawmakers need to find ways, in conjunction with the mayor and Akron police and community partners, to fund these recommendations and benchmark progress by collecting data today “to see how changes are affecting policies and procedure” after implementation.

“I was pleased to see all of the progress our city is making both in structure and inclusive thinking to better benefit Akron citizens and help our police department both reflect and serve the community more effectively,” added Bree Chambers, president of Akron Minority Council. The group of youth-led social justice advocates handed the mayor and council a list of police reforms in July, including a “great many” of that are “outlined or alluded to” in council’s recommendations.

As council works to legislate the recommendations, University of Akron Sociology and Anthropology Department Chair Rebecca Erickson has been asked to host virtual town hall meetings with residents in every city ward. Faculty and students will facilitate the conversations generated by the recommendations. Erickson said police officers will join the discussion by the end of the spring semester as a community survey solicits broader feedback.

Council President Margo Sommerville said that since council announced the special committee on Reimagining Public Safety in July, the public has asked when they would get the chance to speak on the topic of policing and community relations.

“Maybe there’s something that we missed that needs to be addressed,” Sommerville said. “So, we want to give the public that opportunity to do that. We’re really excited about this partnership and collaboration with the University of Akron because that too is something that we have not tapped into enough.”

Prior to approving the recommendations, council members thanked police officers and command staff who educated the special committee’s four working groups. It was enlightening, they said.

“We are probably far more advanced than many police agencies in terms of incorporating social services in to the police work that we do,” said Councilwoman Linda Omobien, the director of clinical services at Community Support Services.

“The Akron Police Department liaisons showed that this is an institution that has led the way on many of these issues, like on Crisis Intervention Team training. At the same time, they really showed that they want to keep moving forward,” said Councilman Shammas Malik, who was regarded by colleagues on council as critical to the success of a fact-finding, deliberative process that spanned five months and 22 meetings.

“It would not have been possible if not for him,” Sommerville said.

Malik credited Sommerville’s leadership as the driving force in “something that council hasn’t done before.”

“When we talk about building equitable policing, when we talk about improving community trust with law enforcement, here are ideas that I think we can all get behind,” Malik said. “Getting community input through the University of Akron is going to be important.”

Councilman Russ Neal said the process council started in September to better understand policing is a model for understanding and legislating solutions to other complex problems like housing high utility costs in the city. Neal asked council to consider more staff to help them dive deeply into other issues.

Along with involvement, Cozart said the union supports legislation that is grounded by facts. The process led to “more enlightenment and education on both sides,” he said.

“Change has to occur,” Hill said. “And it’s going to be a win-win for everyone once we get through the process.”

Reach reporter Doug Livingston at [email protected] or 330-996-3792.

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