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Loans Bad Credit Online – 7 Top Online Car Buying Sites | Fintech Zoom



Top online car buying sites



  • Choose delivery or pickup
  • Seven-day return policy with up to three swaps
  • 100-day limited warranty


  • Must purchase extended warranty before delivery or pickup
  • Financing terms are nonnegotiable

Carvana is an online vehicle retailer with more than 25,000 used cars for sale at the time of publishing. Each car goes through a 150-point inspection and comes with a free CARFAX report. In-house financing is available, but you can also pay cash or finance with a third party, such as your bank or credit union. Carvana also accepts trade-ins, and it can pick up your trade-in at a location of your choice if you opt for delivery.

Carvana offers a seven-day test drive and return policy, and its cars come with a 100-day, 4,189-mile limited warranty. Available options include an extended warranty plan and gap coverage.




  • Pricing insights help ensure you’re getting a good deal
  • Supports AutoCheck vehicle history reports


  • Doesn’t sell cars directly

Edmunds doesn’t sell cars directly, but it hosts listings for new and used cars from local dealers. You can shop based on a number of factors, including Edmunds’ own pricing insights, to help you identify a good deal.

Edmunds also offers a variety of car buying resources, including rankings, reviews, a price checker and an online car appraisal service. Its appraisal service is particularly useful if you’re trying to sell your existing car or wondering what you can get for it as a trade-in.




  • Finances people with most credit profiles
  • 30-day return policy


  • No cars more than four years old

CarMax sells used cars online, letting you shop by budget, car type or monthly payment. Curbside pickup and delivery options are available. CarMax also offers 24-hour test drives and 30-day, money-back returns (if you’ve driven less than 1,500 miles). All major systems are covered for 90 days or 4,000 miles.

CarMax provides financing through several lenders, including Ally, Capital One, Chase and Exeter Finance. However, you can handle your own financing through your bank or credit union if you prefer. If you find better financing after you complete your purchase, CarMax has a three-day pay-off program that lets you take advantage of a better deal.




  • Broad search coverage
  • Trade-in option available for online purchases


  • Doesn’t sell directly
  • Possible delivery fees for online purchases

Autotrader lists used and new cars for sale online from local dealers and private sellers. In some cases, the dealer will bring you the car for a test drive and deliver the paperwork and car to your home when you’re ready to buy. Autotrader also provides instant cash offers for your current vehicle.

Autotrader has an accelerated online process that lets you expedite the sale, secure financing, value your trade-in, apply for financing and schedule a test drive before visiting a dealership.




  • Can file DMV paperwork for you
  • Seven-day test-drive


  • Some purchases require paper documents
  • Delivery could take 10 to 14 days

Vroom offers a completely online car buying and delivery experience, specializing in low-mileage used cars. It also lets you test-drive vehicles for seven days. Cars on Vroom must pass multiple inspections, and every car comes with a free CARFAX report. Vroom provides a limited warranty with most purchases, covering the car for 90 days or up to 6,000 miles.

You can supply your own financing, but Vroom also provides its own lending options by partnering with banks and lending institutions, including Chase, Santander Bank and Ally. Vroom accepts trade-ins too.




  • Search millions of car listings on one site
  • Helps you sell or trade in your current vehicle

AutoTempest brings together listings from other used car sites, including eBay,, TrueCar, Carvana and CarsDirect. You can find millions of used car listings and shop by budget, make, model, year, mileage and other factors. AutoTempest also offers three advanced keyword search options to help narrow your search by negative keywords, optional words or phrases.

If you’re looking for a new car, AutoTempest can help you compare quotes from multiple dealers. Other buying tools include insurance and shipping quotes. Financing is available through Carvana.

You can also sell your car on AutoTempest. You get a real offer in two minutes, and Auto Tempest picks up your car when you decide to sell. Payment is available upfront or as part of a trade-in agreement.




  • Search thousands of local listings
  • Find updated pricing insights

CarsDirect helps buyers find deals on new and used cars for sale from local dealers. You can compare cars side by side and check deals in your area. You can also browse by price, style, make, model, region and monthly payment. CarsDirect also has a section for top deals on new cars and leases.

CarsDirect helps find financing options for buyers with bad credit, no credit and bankruptcy. Most cars come with a free CARFAX report.

How we found the best online car buying companies

To find companies for this guide, we looked at 15 brands and pared them down to these seven top online car buying sites. We considered available vehicle options, financing offerings and return policies. We also looked at reviews from online sources, including ConsumerAffairs and Google, and we only included companies with a rating of 3 stars or higher.

Compare online car buying websites

Provider Offers financing Availability Return policy
Carvana Yes Free delivery to 31 states; paid delivery elsewhere 7 days
Edmunds No Exclusively online Varies by seller
CarMax Yes 41 states 30 days
Autotrader No Exclusively online Varies by seller
Vroom Yes Delivers to 48 states 7 days or 250 miles
AutoTempest No Exclusively online Varies by seller
CarsDirect Yes Exclusively online Varies by seller

Online car buying vs. traditional car buying

The main difference between buying a car online and in person is that you may not be able to see the car with your own eyes or take a test drive before making the purchase. To make up for this, many online car purchases come with a return policy, typically five to seven days (with limited mileage).

Like cars from a dealership, new cars purchased online should come with a mechanical inspection and warranty. However, dealerships might offer certified pre-owned vehicles with a manufacturer’s warranty — these cars might not be available from online car buying sites or private sellers. Some online car sellers also accept trade-ins, and many offer common dealer features, including financing options and add-ons like extended warranties and gap insurance.

How to buy a car online

Buying a car online is a new experience for a lot of people, but the process usually isn’t too different from buying at a dealership. Here’s a step-by-step guide to buying a car online:

  1. Find out your credit score: If you plan to finance the vehicle, look up your credit score so you won’t be surprised when the lender performs a credit check. This also helps you know what kind of interest rate to expect.
  2. Determine your budget: Setting a budget helps narrow your search by identifying which cars you can afford and giving you an estimate of what your monthly payment should be.
  3. Find the right vehicle: Figure out which model years fit your budget and your needs. Compare your options, then search a variety of online car buying sites to find a vehicle matching your criteria.
  4. Look for deals or incentives: Check for deals from the seller or search the internet for financing incentives or manufacturer promotions, such as 0% financing or trade-in deals.
  5. Get preapproved: Once you have a car in mind, you can get preapproved for financing through a lender or, in some cases, the car buying site itself. Some online sellers will put a hold on a car while you work out the details of your financing. While getting financing through the seller or dealership is an option, preapproval has multiple benefits, like letting you shop around for a better rate.
  6. Talk with a sales manager: Having a conversation with a sales manager helps you answer any questions you might have. It should also give you an explanation of the online buying process from that company. Let the sales manager tell you about any deals or incentives available, but don’t commit if you’re not sure yet.
  7. Take the car for a test drive: If a test drive option is available, schedule one. It might be at a dealership, or the seller may bring the car to you. With a new car, you shouldn’t have to carefully check for damage or malfunctions, but it’s still important to get a feel for the car and see how you like it. If the test drive goes well and you have your finances together, it’s time to buy.
  8. Read and sign the paperwork: When you’re ready to make a purchase, be sure to read all the paperwork before signing. Make sure you’re only paying for what you want and getting everything that you’re paying for. If you don’t understand anything in your contract, ask about it. Some online sellers accommodate e-signatures, while others will overnight paper documents for your signature.
  9. Head to the dealer or get your car delivered: Once you sign the contract, the dealer should deliver the car or arrange for you to pick it up locally. If you’re buying from a private party, you may have to arrange your own auto transport.

Tips for buying a new car

If you are planning to purchase a new vehicle, here are some tips worth considering:

  • Get insurance quotes: Think about the cost of insurance as well as your monthly payment. Insuring a new car is typically more expensive than insuring a used car. Shop around for rates on the make and model you’re considering to find out what you should expect to spend.
  • Plan for fuel costs: If you’re looking at a new car online, the gas mileage should be listed with the specs on the vehicle. If not, check the manufacturer’s website. Calculate your weekly gas costs to make sure the vehicle is right for you.
  • Check the warranty: Online car sellers should offer the same warranties as physical dealerships. Find out what the manufacturer’s warranty covers. Powertrain or drivetrain coverage is standard, but most new car warranties should also have bumper-to-bumper protection. Roadside assistance is sometimes included too.
  • Plan ahead: Some car dealers offer maintenance packages with the purchase of a new car, such as free basic service up to a certain number of years or miles. Dealerships may also try to sell you an extended warranty that covers your vehicle against malfunctions and breakdowns. These can be worth the cost, but you should also consider working with third-party warranty providers.

Tips for buying a used car

While buying a used car has much in common with buying a new car, there are several notable differences to keep in mind. Here are a few tips if you’re purchasing a used car online.

  • Get a vehicle history report: Many online car sellers offer free vehicle history reports. If not, these reports are readily available for a low cost from such sites as CARFAX or AutoCheck. Enter the VIN to find out about any accidents, recalls or maintenance gaps that may affect the car’s value. Some reports will also show how many previous owners a car has.
  • Make sure the car is in good shape: Online sellers should be able to verify that a vehicle’s maintenance is up to date, whether it’s through a vehicle history report or physical records from a previous owner. Many sellers also have a certification process that includes maintenance and a multipoint inspection. If the seller is willing, you can also get a pre-purchase inspection from a third-party mechanic.
  • Take a test drive: If a test drive is available, don’t pass it up. Look for any dings, paint damage, glass cracks and imperfections that might not have been in the listing photos. Inspect the engine bay, check the tire tread and try all the power features to make sure they work. Check for strange smells, leaks or sounds as well.
  • Consider the gas mileage: Information about the gas mileage of used cars is more difficult to find. As a rule of thumb, gas mileage gets worse as a car ages, so expect to spend more on fuel than you would for a new version of the same vehicle. You can get an estimate of a car’s actual gas mileage from the U.S. Department of Energy. Think about how much gas will cost for the vehicle now and in the future as its efficiency decreases.
  • Verify the title is clear: A clean title is good, but a salvage title means the car was declared a total loss by an insurance company and repaired. Though the car was repaired and it’s possibly in drivable condition, it could still have problems. Its value should also be significantly lower if it doesn’t have a clear title. This information is usually available via a vehicle history report.
  • Talk to the seller: When purchasing a car online from a dealership, it helps to talk with the sales manager or customer service. Ask questions about the inspection process, test drive, financing and return policy.

Bottom line

Online car buying is convenient and lets you search thousands of listings, compare prices and arrange financing without leaving home. If you decide to purchase a used car online, do the research and make sure the car’s title is clear. If a test drive is not available before you buy, make sure you have some recourse, like a return policy. Finally, understand all the fees and costs associated with the vehicle before signing on the dotted line, just as you would for any car purchase.

Frequently Asked Questions about online car buying

It depends on your situation and preferences. There are many websites that can help you buy a car, and some offer more functionalities than others. To get started, look for a site with a lot of listings that lets you filter by the features that are most important to you.

Yes, it is possible to buy a car completely online. With online car buying sites, you can go from finding the right vehicle to purchasing entirely online. However, it’s still a good idea to see the car in person and ensure everything is correct if you can.

Yes, it is generally safe to purchase a vehicle online. However, you want to ensure you’re on a legitimate website. Be sure to read terms and conditions, privacy policies and other “fine print” materials before handing over your information online. Also, be careful with wiring funds or handing over your credit card details to someone you do not know online.

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Bad Credit

Inside the Highly Profitable and Secretive World of Payday Lenders



Illustration by Sarah Maxwell, Folio Art

When Bridget Davis got started in the family’s payday lending business in 1996, there was just one Check ’n Go store in Cincinnati. She says she did it all: customer service, banking duties, even painting walls.

The company had been established two years earlier by her husband, Jared Davis, and was growing rapidly. There were 100 Check ’n Go locations by 1997, when Jared and Bridget (née Byrne) married and traveled the country together looking for more locations to open storefront outlets. They launched another 400 stores in 1998, mostly in strip malls and abandoned gas stations in low-income minority neighborhoods where the payday lending target market abounds. Bridget drove the supply truck and helped select locations and design the store layouts.

But Jared soon fired his wife for committing what may be the ultimate sin in the payday lending business: She forgave a customer’s debt. “A young woman came to pay her $20 interest payment,” Bridget wrote in court documents last year during divorce proceedings from Jared. “I pulled her file, calculated that she had already paid $320 to date on a principle [sic] loan of $100. I told her she was paid in full. [Jared] fired me, stating, ‘We are here to make money, not help customers manage theirs. If you can’t do that, you can’t work here.’ ”

Photograph by Brittany Dexter

It’s a business philosophy that pays well, especially if you’re charging fees and interest rates of 400 percent that can more than triple the amount of the loan in just five months—the typical time most payday borrowers need to repay their debt, says the Pew Charitable Trusts, a nonprofit organization focused on public policy. Cincinnati-based Check ’n Go now operates more than 1,100 locations in 25 states as well as an internet lending service with 24/7 access from the comfort of your own home, according to its website. Since its founding, the company has conducted more than 50 million transactions.

What the website doesn’t say is that many, if not most, of those transactions were for small loans of $50 to $500 to working people trying to scrape by and pay their bills. In most states—including Ohio, until it reformed its payday lending laws in 2019—borrowers typically fork over more than one-third of their paycheck to meet the deadline for repayment, usually in two weeks. To help guarantee repayment, borrowers turn over access to their checking account or deposit a check with the lender. In states that don’t offer protection, customers go back again and again to borrow more money from the same payday lender, typically up to 10 times, driving themselves into a debt trap that can lead to bankruptcy.

Jared and Bridget Davis are embroiled in a nasty court battle related to his 2019 divorce filing in Hamilton County Domestic Relations Court. Thousands of pages of filings and 433 docket entries by April 26 offer the public a rare glimpse into the business operations of Check ’n Go, one of Cincinnati’s largest privately-owned companies, as well as personal lifestyles funded by payday lending.

The company cleared $77 million in profit in 2018, a figure that dipped the following year to $55 million, according to an audit by Deloitte. That drop in revenue may have something to do with the payday lending reform laws and interest rate caps passed recently in Ohio as well as a growing number of other states.

The day-to-day business transactions that provide such profit are a depressing window into how those who live on the edge of financial security are often stuck with few options for improving their situations. If a borrower doesn’t repay or refinance his or her original loan, a lender like Check ’n Go deposits the guarantee check and lets it bounce, causing the borrower to incur charges for the bounced check and eventually lose his or her checking account, says Nick DiNardo, an attorney for the Legal Aid Society of Greater Cincinnati. After two missed payments, payday lenders usually turn over the debt to a collection agency. If the collection agency fails to collect the full amount of the original loan as well as all fees and interest, it goes to court to garnish the borrower’s wages.

That devastating experience is all too familiar to Anthony Smith, a 60-year-old Wyoming resident who says he was laid off from several management positions over a 20-year period. He turned to payday lenders as his credit rating dropped and soon found himself caught in a debt trap that took him years to escape.

Two things happened in 2019, Smith says, that turned around his financial fortunes. First, he found a stable manufacturing job with the Formica Company locally, and then he took his mother’s advice and opened a credit union account. GE Credit Union not only gave him a reasonable loan to pay off his $2,500 debt but also issued him his first credit card in a decade. “I had been a member [of the credit union] for just two months, and I had a credit rating of 520. Can you imagine?” he says. Smith says he is now debt-free for the first time in 10 years.

Consumer advocates say Check ’n Go is one of the biggest payday lending operations in the nation. But knowing its exact ranking is difficult because most payday lending companies, including Check ’n Go and its parent company CNG Holdings, are privately held and reluctant to disclose their finances.

Brothers Jared and David Davis own the majority of the company’s privately held stock. David bought into the company in 1995, but CNG got its game-changing infusion of capital from the brothers’ father, Allen Davis, who retired as CEO of then-Provident Bank in 1998. Allen sold off $37 million in stock options and essentially became CNG’s bank and consultant.

By 2005, however, the sons were part of a public court battle against their father. Allen accused Jared and David of treating his millions in CNG stock as compensation instead of a transfer from his ex-wife (and the brothers’ mother), sticking him with a $13 million tax bill. In turn, the brothers accused Allen of putting his mistress and his yacht captain on the company payroll, taking $1.2 million in fees without board approval, and leading the company into ventures that lost Check ’n Go a lot of money. Several years of legal fighting later, the IRS was still demanding its $13 million. CNG officials did not respond to requests for comment for this story.

Jared and David split $22 million in profit from CNG in 2018 and, according to the Deloitte audit, CNG’s balance sheet showed another $42 million that could be split between the two brothers in 2019. Jared, however, elected not to receive his $21 million distribution “in order to create this artificial financial crisis and shelter millions of dollars from an equitable split between us,” according to Bridget’s divorce filing.

Worse, she claims, Jared said they would be responsible for paying taxes out of their personal accounts rather than from CNG’s company earnings, making her personally responsible for half of the $5.5 million in taxes for 2019. She believes it wasn’t happenstance that $5.5 million was wired to Jared’s private bank account in December of that same year. Bridget has refused to sign the joint tax return, and Jared filed a complaint with the court saying a late tax filing would cost them $1 million in penalties and missed tax opportunities.

“For the duration of our marriage and to the present, Jared has full and complete control of all money paid to us from various investments we have made in addition to our main source of income, CNG,” Bridget wrote in her motion. She suspects that Jared, without her knowledge or consent, plowed the money for their taxes and from other sources of income into Black Diamond Group, the fund that invests in the Agave & Rye restaurant chain. Beyond the original restaurant opened in Covington in 2018, “they have opened four other locations in one year,” she wrote, including Louisville and Lexington. (The ninth location opened in Hamilton this spring.) Agave & Rye’s website touts its Mexican fare as “a chef-inspired take on the standard taco, elevating this simple food into something epic!”

In his response, Jared wrote, “We have very limited regular sources of income.” He says he isn’t receiving any additional distributions from CNG, the couple’s primary source of income, “and this is not within my control. The company has declared that we would not make any further distributions in 2020 given economic circumstances. This decision is based on a formula and is not discretionary.” Agave & Rye helped produce $645,000 in income for Black Diamond in 2020 but has paid out $890,000 in loans, he says. Through August 31, 2020, he wrote, the couple’s “expenses have exceeded income from all sources.”

The divorce case filings start slinging mud when the couple accuses each other of breaking up their 22-year marriage and finding new partners. Jared claims Bridget began an affair during their marriage with Brian Duncan, a contractor she employed through her house flipping business. Bridget, he says, paid Duncan’s company $75,000 in 2018 as well as giving him a personal gift of $70,000 that same year. Jared says she also bought Duncan at least one car and purchased a house for him near hers on Shawnee Run Road for $289,000, then loaned money to Duncan. Jared says Duncan has been late in repaying the note.

While Bridget says Duncan has been drug-free for several years, he has a rap sheet with Hamilton County courts from 2000 to 2017 that runs five pages long. It lists a half-dozen counts of drug abuse and drug possession, including heroin and possession of illegal drug paraphernalia; assaulting a police officer; stealing a Taser from a police officer; criminal damaging while being treated at UC Health; more than a dozen speeding and traffic violations; a half-dozen counts of driving with a suspended license; receiving stolen property; twice fleeing and resisting arrest; three counts of theft; two counts of forgery; and one count for passing bad checks.

Bridget has fired back that Jared not only is hiding his money from her but spending it lavishly on vacations, resorts, and high-end restaurants with his new girlfriend, Susanne Warner. Bridget says Jared gifted Warner with $40,000 without Bridget’s knowledge, then declared it on their joint tax return as a “contribution.” Bridget’s court filings include photocopies of social media posts of Jared and Warner globetrotting from summer 2019 to summer 2020: vacation at Beaver Creek Village in Avon, Colorado; cocktails at High Cotton in Charleston, South Carolina, and dinner at Melvyn’s Restaurant and Lounge in Palm Springs, California; getaways at resorts in Nashville and at a lakefront rental on Norris Lake ($600 per night); in the Bahamas at a Musha Cay private residence ($57,000 per night), at South Beach in Miami, and at a private beach at Fisher Island; in Mexico at Cabo San Lucas; in the U.S. Virgin Islands at Magen’s Bay and on a private yacht ($4,500 per night); in California at Desert Hot Springs, the Ritz-Carlton in Rancho Mirage, and Montage at Laguna Beach; and in the Bahamas at South Cottage ($2,175 per night).

For her part, Bridget has gone through some of the top lawyers in town faster than President Trump during an impeachment—six in all, two of whom she’s sued for malpractice. She sent four binders of evidence to the Ohio Supreme Court, asking for the recusal of Hamilton County Judge Amy Searcy and claiming Searcy was biased because of campaign donations from Jared and his companies. Rather than deal with the list of questions sent to her by Chief Justice Maureen O’Connor, Searcy stepped down. Two other judges have since stepped into the fray, and in March Bridget filed for a change of venue outside of Hamilton County, arguing she can’t get a fair trial in her hometown. At press time, a trial date had been set for June 28 in Hamilton County.

The poor-mouthing in the divorce case has reached heights of comic absurdity. Jared claims he’s “illiquid” because he didn’t get his distribution from CNG in 2019. Bridget has received debt collection notices for the nearly $21,000 owed on her American Express card and a $735 bill from Jewish Hospital. There’s no sign yet that anyone is coming to repossess her Porsche, which according to her filings has a $5,000 monthly payment. Each party has received $25,000 a month in living expenses, an amount later reduced to $15,000 under a temporary legal agreement while the divorce case is being sorted out. Court filings show that Jared’s net worth is almost $206 million and Bridget’s is $22.5 million.

In the early 1990s, Allen Davis was raising eyebrows at Provident Bank (later bought by National City), and not only because of his very unbanker-like look of beard, ponytail, and casual golf wear. He was leading the company into questionable subprime home loans for people with bad credit and a frequent-shopper program for merchants, though the bank’s charter barred him from getting involved in full-blown predatory lending practices. With guidance and funding from his father, Jared, at age 26, launched Check ’n Go in 1994 and became a pioneer in the payday lending industry. Jared and his family saw there were millions of Americans who didn’t have checking or savings accounts (“unbanked”) or an adequate credit rating (“underbanked”) but still needed loans to meet their everyday expenses. What those potential customers did have was a steady paycheck.

Conventional banks share a big part of the blame for the nation’s army of unbanked borrowers by imposing checking account fees and onerous penalties for bounced checks. In 2019, the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation estimated there were 7.1 million U.S. households without a checking or savings account.

The Davises launched Check ’n Go on the pretext that it would “fill the gap” for people who occasionally needed to borrow money in a hurry—a service for those who couldn’t get a loan any other way. But consumer advocates say the real business model for payday lending isn’t a service at all. The majority of the industry’s revenue comes from repeat business by customers trapped in debt, not from borrowers looking for a quick, one-time fix for their financial troubles.

Ohio’s payday lending lobbyists got a strong hold on the state legislature in the late 1990s, and by 2018 Democratic gubernatorial candidate Richard Cordray could rightfully claim in a campaign ad that “Ohio’s [payday lending] laws are now the worst in the nation. Things have gotten so bad that it is legal to charge 594 percent interest on loans.” His statement was based on a 2014 study by the Pew Charitable Trusts.

The frustration for consumer advocates was that Ohioans had been trying to reform those laws since 2008, when voters overwhelmingly approved a ballot initiative placing a 28 percent cap on the interest of payday loans. But—surprise!—lenders simply registered as mortgage brokers, which enabled them to charge unlimited fees.

The Davis family and five other payday lending companies controlled 90 percent of the market back then, an express gravy train ripping through the poorest communities in Ohio. The predatory feeding frenzy, especially in Ohio’s hard-hit Rust Belt communities, prompted a 2017 column at The Daily Beast titled, “America’s Worst Subprime Lender: Jared Davis vs. Allan Jones?” (Jones is founder and CEO of Tennessee-based Check Into Cash.) In 2016 and 2017, consumer advocates mustered their forces again, and this time they weren’t allowing for loopholes. The Pew Charitable Trusts joined efforts with bipartisan lawmakers and Ohioans for Payday Loan Reform, a statewide coalition of faith, business, local government, and nonprofit organizations. Consumer advocates found a legislative champion in State Rep. Kyle Koehler, a Republican from Springfield.

It no doubt helped reform efforts that former Ohio Speaker of the House Cliff Rosenberger resigned in spring 2018 amid an FBI investigation into his cozy relationship with payday lenders. Rosenberger had taken frequent overseas trips—to destinations including France, Italy, Israel, and China—in the company of payday lending lobbyists. In April 2019, Ohio’s new lending law took effect and, since then, has been called a national model for payday lending reform that balances protections for borrowers, profits for lenders, and access to credit for the poor, according to the Pew Charitable Trusts. New prices in Ohio are three to four times lower for payday loans than before the law. Borrowers now have up to three months to repay their loans with no more than 6 percent of their paycheck. Pew estimates that the cost of borrowing $400 for three months dropped from $450 to $109, saving Ohioans at least $75 million a year. And despite claims that the reforms would eliminate access to credit, lenders currently operate in communities across the state and online. “The bipartisan success shows that if you set fair rules and enforce them, lenders play by them and there’s widespread access to credit,” says Gabe Kravitz, a consumer finance officer at the Pew Charitable Trusts.

Other states like Virginia, Kansas, and Michigan are following Ohio’s lead, Kravitz says. Some states, such as Nebraska, have even capped annual interest on payday loans. As a result, Pew researchers have seen a reduction in the number of storefront lending op­erations across the country. Even better, Kravitz says, there’s no evidence that borrowers are turning instead to online payday lending operations.

Cincinnati is one of five cities chosen for a grant to replicate the success of Boston Builds Credit, an ambitious effort that city launched in 2017 to provide credit counseling in poor and minority communities by training specialists at existing social service agencies. The program also encourages consumer partnerships with credit unions, banks, and insurance companies to offer small, manageable loans that can help the unbanked and underbanked improve their credit ratings. “Right now, local organizations are all kind of working in silos on the problem in Cincinnati,” says Todd Moore of the nonprofit credit counseling agency Trinity Debt Relief. Moore, who applied for the Boston grant, says he’s looking for an agency like United Way or Strive Cincinnati to lead the effort here.

Anthony Smith is thankful that he’s escaped the downward spiral of his payday loans, especially during the pandemic’s economic turmoil. “I’m blessed for every day I can get paid and have a job during these difficult times, just to be able to pay my bills and meet my responsibilities,” he says. “I’ve always kept a job, but until now I’ve had crappy credit. That doesn’t mean I’m a bad guy.”

Can others worth millions of dollars say the same?

Inside the Highly Profitable and Secretive World of Payday Lenders Source link Inside the Highly Profitable and Secretive World of Payday Lenders

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Bad Credit

What’s Questionable Credit and Can I Get a Car Loan With It?



Questionable’s definition means that something’s quality is up for debate. If a lender says that your credit score is questionable, it’s likely that they mean it’s poor, or at the very least, they’re hesitant to approve you for vehicle financing. Here’s what most lenders consider questionable credit, and what auto loan options you may have.

Questionable Credit and Auto Lenders

Many auto lenders may consider questionable credit as a borrower with a credit score below 660. The credit score tiers as sorted by Experian the national credit bureau, are:

  • Super prime: 850 to 781
  • Prime: 780 to 661
  • Nonprime: 660 to 601
  • Subprime: 600 to 501
  • Deep subprime: 500 to 300

The nonprime credit tiers and below is when you start to get into bad credit territory and may struggle to meet the credit score requirements of traditional auto lenders.

This is because lenders are looking at your creditworthiness – your perceived ability to repay loans based on the information in your credit reports. Besides your actual credit score, there may be situations where the items in your credit reports are what’s making a lender question whether you’re a good candidate for an auto loan. These can include:

  • A past or active bankruptcy
  • A past or recent vehicle repossession
  • Recent missed/late payments
  • High credit card balances
  • No credit history

There are ways to get into an auto loan with questionable credit. Your options can change depending on what’s making your credit history questionable, though.

Questionable Credit Auto Loans

If your credit score is less than stellar, it may be time to look at these two lending options:

  • What Is Questionable Credit and Can I Get a Car Loan With It?Subprime financing – Done through special finance dealerships by third-party subprime lenders. These lenders can often assist with many unique credit situations, provided you can meet their requirements. A great option for new borrowers with thin files, situational bad credit, or consumers with older negative marks.
  • In-house financing – May not require a credit check, and is done through buy here pay here (BHPH) dealers. Typically, your income and down payment amount are the most important parts of eligibility. Auto loans without a credit check may not allow for credit repair and may come with a higher-than-average interest rate.

Both of these car loan options are typically available to borrowers with credit challenges. However, if you have more recent, serious delinquencies on your credit reports, a BHPH dealer may be for you. Most traditional and subprime lenders typically don’t approve financing for borrowers with a dismissed bankruptcy, a repossession less than a year old, or borrowers with multiple, recent missed/late payments.

Requirements of Bad Credit Car Loans

In many cases, your income and down payment size are the biggest factors in your overall eligibility for bad credit auto loans. Expect to need:

  • 30 days of recent computer-generated check stubs to prove you have around $1,500 to $2,500 of monthly gross income. Borrowers without W-2 income may need two to three years of professionally prepared tax returns.
  • A down payment of at least $1,000 or 10% of the vehicle’s selling price. BHPH dealers may require up to 20% of the car’s selling price.
  • Proof of residency in the form of a recent utility bill in your name.
  • Proof of a working phone (no prepaid phones), proven with a recent phone bill in your name.
  • A list of five to eight personal references with name, phone number, and address.
  • Valid driver’s license with the correct address, can’t be revoked, expired, or suspended.

Depending on your individual situation, you may need fewer or more items to apply for a bad credit auto loan. However, preparing these documents before you head to a dealership can speed up the process!

Ready to Get on the Road?

With questionable credit, finding a dealership that’s able to assist you with an auto loan is easier said than done. Here at Auto Credit Express, we want to get that done for you with our coast-to-coast network of special finance dealerships.

Complete our free auto loan request form and we’ll get right to work looking for a dealer in your local area that can assist with many tough credit situations.

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Bad Credit

Entrepreneur Tae Lee Finds Her Fortune



By Jasmine Shaw
For The Birmingham Times

Birmingham native Tae Lee had plans last year to visit the continent of Africa, the South American country of Columbia, and the U.S. state of Texas.

“I was going to stay in each place for like four to six weeks, and then COVID-19 happened,” she said. “So, I just was like, ‘You know what, I’m just gonna go to Mexico and stay for six months.’”

Once home from Playa Del Carmen, located on Mexico’s Yucatán Peninsula, the 33-year-old entrepreneur put the final touches on “Game of Fortune: Win in Wealth or Lose in Debt,” a financial literacy card game for ages 10 and up.

“We created ‘Game of Fortune’ because we realized there was a gap in learning the fundamentals of money,” said Lee. “We go through life not knowing anything about money and then—‘Bam!’—real life hits. Credit, debt, and bills come at us quick!”

Lee believes the game “gives players a glimpse of real life” by using everyday scenarios to teach them how to make wiser financial decisions without having to waste their own money.

“I feel like [financial literacy] can be learned in ways other than somebody standing up and preaching it to you over and over again,” she said. “You can learn it in ways that are considered fun, as well.”

Which is why “we want the schools to buy it, so we can give students a fun way to learn about financial literacy,” she added.

Lee, also called the “Money Maximizer,” is an international best-selling financial author, speaker, coach, and trainer who is known for her financial literacy books, including “Never Go Broke (NGB): An Entrepreneur’s Guide to Money and Freedom” and the “NGB Money Success Planner High School Edition.” The Birmingham-based financial guru focuses on creating diverse streams of income in the tax, real estate, insurance, and finance industries.

For Lee, it’s about building generational wealth, not debt.

Indispensable Lessons

Lee got her first glance at entrepreneurial life as a child watching her mother, Valeria Robinson, run her commercial cleaning company, V’s Cleaning. Robinson retired in 2019.

“My grandmother had a cleaning service, too,” said Lee. “So, even though I didn’t start out as an entrepreneur, watching my mom and grandma do it taught me a lot.”

Lee grew up in Birmingham and attended Riley Elementary School, Midfield Middle School, and Huffman High School. She then went on to Jacksonville State University, in Jacksonville, Alabama, where she earned bachelor’s degree in physical education. She struggled to find a career in her field and became overwhelmed by student loans.

“My credit and stuff didn’t get bad until after college,” she said. “I was going through school and taking money, but nobody told me, ‘Oh, you’re gonna have to pay all of this back.’”

Before embarking on her extensive career in money management, Lee had not learned the indispensable lessons that she now shares with clients.

“‘Don’t have bad credit.’ That’s all I learned,” she remembers. “Financial literacy just wasn’t taught much. I learned the majority of my lessons as I aged.”

In an effort to ward off collection calls and raise her credit score, Lee researched tactics to strategically eliminate her debt.

“I knew I had to pay bills on time, and I couldn’t be late with payments,” she said.

Lee eventually began helping friends revamp their finances and opened NGB Inc. in 2017 to share fun, educational methods to help her clients build solid financial foundations.

“People were always coming to me like, ‘How do I invest in this?’ and ‘How do I do that?’ So, I said to myself, ‘You know what, people should be paying to pick your brain.’”

Legacy Building

While Lee enjoyed watching her clients reach milestones, like buying a new car with cash or making their first stock market investment, she was also designing “Game of Fortune” to teach the value of legacy building.

“The game gives players the knowledge to build generational wealth, not generational debt,” she said. “It gives you a glimpse of life, money, and what can truly happen if you mismanage your coins.”

Using index cards to create her first “Game of Fortune” sample deck, Lee filled each card with pertinent terms related to debt elimination and credit and wealth building. She then called on a few friends to help her work through the kinks.

Three of her good friends—Barbara Bratton, Daña Brown, and Sha Cannon—were just a few of the people that gave feedback on the sample deck.

“From there I met with Brandon Brooks, [owner of the Birmingham-based Brooks Realty Investments LLC], and four other financial advisors to fine-tune the definitions and game logistics,” Lee said.

Though Lee was unable to land a job in physical education after graduating from college, she now sees her career with NGB Inc. as life’s unexpected opportunity to teach on her own terms.

“Bartending and waitressing taught me that working for someone else was not for me,” she replied. “In order to get the life I always wanted, I had to create my own business.”

In her entrepreneurial pursuits, Lee strives to be an open-minded leader who embraces the need for flexibility.

“COVID-19 has shown me that in entrepreneurship you have to maneuver,” she said. “When life changes, sometimes your business will, too. You may have to change the path, but your ending goal can be the same.”

“Game of Fortune: Win in Wealth or Lose in Debt” is available and sold only on the “Game of Fortune” website: To learn more about Tae Lee and Never Go Broke Inc., visit and or email; you also can follow her on Facebook ( and Instagram (@nevergobrokeinc).

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