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How To Rebuild After A Student Loan Default Has Ruined Your Finances

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It's been a rough day

Source: Goodboy Picture Company / Getty

When you take on student loans at the financial aid office, no one really sits you down and explains the weight of the financial decision that you just made. Student loans can have disastrous effects on a person’s future and can potentially leave them in financial ruin. They can lead to crippling limitations that affect everything from where you live to where you work. And while we may joke about going to desperate lengths to evade payment, the consequences of defaulting on student loans are no laughing matter.

“There is no way around your student loan debt,” said financial literacy coach Deunka Alston. “It’s not something that just shows up on your credit report for seven years and goes away like any other account. You also risk losing your tax income checks and having your payments garnished.”

Of course, the best-case scenario is that you work out an arrangement with your student loan servicer before things go left. But, unfortunately, many are unaware of the damaging effects of unpaid student loan debt until they default on a loan.

“To default on a student loan just means to not pay them or to pay them late consecutively,” explained Alston, who is the founder and CEO of Express 2 Success, a financial coaching and credit repair agency. “After six months of being out of school, you will be held responsible for paying back your student loans.”

The consequences of defaulting are numerous and can be especially devastating to a person’s finances. The most crippling is garnishment of wages. A garnishment is a court order in which money can be seized from a third party, usually your employer, to satisfy a debt owed. Garnishments can be especially crippling because you have no control over how much money is deducted from your checks, which can sometimes leave you with a limited amount of money left for your basic living expenses.

“You really have to just go through the motions when a garnishment is issued,” Alston said. “The only way to stop a garnishment is to go through court. They won’t stop until a large portion is paid off, or in some cases, the whole thing is paid off.”

Although it can be particularly frustrating to have a large percentage of your check garnished, the best thing a person can do is work through it.

“Sometimes people quit once the garnishment starts to happen. I would definitely say keep working just to see if your lender will work with you,” the financial coach advised.

Depending on your student loan servicer, you may be able to arrange a payment plan after a period of garnishment, so it’s wise to reach out to see what can be arranged.

Beyond garnishment, unpaid loans can wreck your credit, making it difficult to find housing or buy a car. But even after you’ve made the mistake of defaulting, there are two key ways to dig yourself out of the hole and get back on the path of financial fidelity.

Step one: establish a payment plan

First, call your student loan servicer and seek to arrange a payment plan that you can afford. Many companies offer income-based repayment plans.

“The good thing about student loans is that they’re always willing to work with you,” Alston said. “We have people in our credit repair program paying as little as five dollars per month. It makes a huge difference because now on your credit report, it goes from reporting late every month to being paid on time every month. Yes, it’s only five dollars but it stops the delayed payment from hitting and it stops your credit score from taking that hard hit.”

Step two: build good credit

Establishing good credit is about creating a positive track record for yourself. So in addition to working on the loan, create some lines of credit.

“You have to build a positive history around this negative history that has already been built,” Alston said. “If you don’t already have lines of credit or maybe some secured credit cards, you’ll want to do that to build up a different type of history than the history already shown.”

Secured credit cards are a type of credit card that is backed by cash from the borrower. The cash serves as a form of security for the lender in the event that the cardholder can’t make payments.

Second-chance banks are also a good idea, Alston advised.

“Second chance banks will give you a chance to do things that your credit is stopping you from doing. Maybe you can get a car, but just at a higher interest rate. Be responsible, keep the things up that you’ve already done and in six months, you can refinance the loan. There are ways to climb out of debt.”

Above all, Alston urged those looking to rebuild their credit to view it as a lifestyle change as opposed to a temporary fix.

“I compare it to working out. People want a great figure, but many don’t want to work out or eat healthily. It’s the same with your loans. If you continue to engage in unhealthy habits like not paying your loans on time, you’ll continue to have bad credit.”



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Cleaning up your credit safely

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TUCSON, Az. (KGUN) — Americans who are dealing with financial hardship because of job loss and aftermath caused by the pandemic could be struggling to make ends meat and in some cases they might be racking up credit card debt or they’re simply late on paying bills.

KGUN 9 caught up with Sean Herdrick with the Better Business Bureau of Southern Arizona who says there are ways to get your credit fixed but you have to be careful about who’s handling your situation because they can take your money and leave you with bad credit.

“To see how many 1-star ratings there are for credit companies is frightening. They promise you they will do all of this stuff for your credit, get things taken off. Negotiate with your creditors. They’ll ask for a fee up front, you send them the fee and they never come back to you,” Herdrick said.

According to the BBB you can check their website to find out details about how a company operates. And while there are three common ways to fix your credit. It’s also a good idea to get schooled on extra fees.

“We vet the companies we accredit and if you find an accredited credit business chances are they’re doing a good job and they’re going to help you out. Credit counseling and that’s probably the best way. There’s also debt relief or settlement companies where they offer to settle your debts for you or come up with a plan to do that and a debt consolidation company they will offer a loan at a lower interest rate to help pay off all of your debts at once,” Herdrick said.

The U.S Department of Commerce released data that says Americans are spending their stimulus checks on clothing and sporting goods while others are using it for bills to fend off financial ruin and get their credit back on track.

“Do your research make sure the company you hire can give you what you need,” Herdrick said.

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Taking A Joint Home Loan Can Benefit You. Here’s Why – Forbes Advisor INDIA

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In India, buying a home is mostly the single largest investment made by an individual during their lifetime. As our families expand, we plan for the future and plan to invest in bigger homes that can comfortably accommodate and protect a growing family. However, such dream houses come at a significant cost, warrant access to huge funds, and hence, require key financial planning.

In most cases, individuals need to opt for home loans to fulfil the cost obligation associated with buying a house. Considering the amount and type of loan taken, there are certain eligibility criteria that one needs to be aware of before initiating applications. 

At the time of taking a home loan, your lender or you may wish to add another applicant, also called co-applicant, to your home loans for various reasons and the structure of having a co-applicant is referred to as a joint home loan. 

Let’s understand when and why should you take a joint home loan. 

Role of a Co-applicant in a Joint Home Loan

A lender while considering applications simply wants to check if the borrower can repay the home loan along with their household expenses and existing loans. Therefore, while calculating your eligibility they generally keep aside a certain fixed portion of your income that covers your existing expenses. An individual’s eligibility is decided on the basis of the discretionary amount left post calculating their interest repayments and monthly instalments. 

In a joint home loan, you can add another co-applicant or applicants who becomes liable to pay the home loan along with the primary applicant. Liability of the loan is a collective responsibility on both or all the co-applicants as well. Generally, immediate family members, including father, mother, spouse, children, and brother, are most eligible to become co-applicants in joint home loans. 

With such arrangements the question that mostly arises is whether the co-applicant is also the co-owner of the home being considered. Co-applicant or co-applicants may or may not be the co-owner of the property, however they have a liability to pay back the loan. The co-owner of the property is a joint owner along with other owners. 

As a safeguard and prudent underwriting practice, lenders ask all co-owners to also become co-applicants in home loans, however, the reverse need not be true. This is a decision the pros and cons of which should be carefully considered by the primary applicant while choosing joint home loans.

Why Choose a Joint Home Loan Over Any Other Loan 

There are a number of additional advantages in considering taking a joint home loan as compared to an individual home loan. These include higher loan amount eligibility, lower interest rates and other income tax benefits. 

Higher Loan Amount Eligibility: When you add an income-earning co-applicant to a loan, the lender considers the income level of all the applicants and calculates an eligibility amount higher than that of only one individual applying for a home loan. This allows applicants or families to take a larger home loan amount or purchase a more aspirational home since the room for increasing an applicant budget is possible. 

Lower Interest Rates: In order to avail lower interest rates individuals can add their spouses or mother as co-applicants for a joint home loan and as a joint property owner. This is useful as most lenders in India offer a lower rate of interest to women borrowers. It is up to 10 to 25 basis points lower than the interest rate for male borrowers. 

Tax Benefits: Tax benefits can be enjoyed by all the co-applicants separately. For this to happen, co-applicants should be property owners as well and should contribute to the payment of monthly instalments towards the repayment of the home loan. 

Income Tax benefits that are available to the all co-applicants include: 

  • Benefit under Section 80 C of the Income-Tax Act for the loan’s principal payment up to a maximum limit of INR 1.50 lakh per year. 
  • Benefits under Section 24 of the Income-Tax Act for interest paid on a home loan up to INR 2 lakh per year. 
  • In a joint home loan, both the applicants can claim the above amounts individually and use this as an effective tax planning tool

Co-applicants and first-time loan applicants can utilise the joint home loan as a great tool to improve their credit score, thereby easing the process for future loan applications as and when required for various other purposes. 

Necessary Documents Needed for a Joint Home Loan

Documentation is the most cumbersome and tiring part of taking any loan. However, it is a critical part of any lender’s operations as they would want to make sure that their borrower meets income eligibility and supporting documents are provided. 

There are a number of regulatory guidelines for the know your customer (KYC) and property-related documents, where it is imperative that all accurate documentation is shared to avoid unnecessary rejections and thereby delaying the availability of funds. 

For any home loan, typically an applicant needs to provide the following: –

  • KYC documents which include:
    • Identity Proof
    • Address Proof 
  • Income proof documents including but not limited to:
    • Salary slips, Form 16 issued by your employer or
    • Income tax returns (especially for self-employed) of the last three years
  • Property related documents such as: 
    • Agreement to sell, a sale deed or a registry 
    • Previous sale deed for the property (typically all transactions done on that property in the last 13 years) 
    • Few property or location-specific documents like a no-objection certificate (NOC) from relevant authorities or from your bank if the project is funded by any financer in case you are buying new property from a builder.

All applicants need to provide their KYC documents regardless of whether they earn an income or not or whether they even co-own the property. 

If you are applying for a joint home loan mainly for higher eligibility wherein the income of other applicants also needs to be considered, then income documents of all the applicants will be required to be shared with the lender in addition to KYC documents.  

If your purpose is to save on stamp duty charges by adding a female member of the house as a co-owner of the property, then you must make sure that the draft agreements and final sale deed or the registry documents have relevant members stated clearly as co-owners. 

If you are a nonresident Indian (NRI), you can issue a registered power of attorney (POA) in favour of a trusted family member for them to execute the necessary documentation on your behalf. However, you must ensure that the exact purpose of the required transactions are mentioned in the POA, thereby easing the process for compliance and reducing chances of rejection.

Factors to Consider Before Applying for a Loan

Before even applying for a joint loan, it is important to fully understand the lenders’ conditions, which differ depending on the provider you’re considering to approach. 

Lending Conditions

  • If the property has co-owners, in such a case, the lender, in all likelihood, insists all co-owners to become co-applicants as well. 
  • The lender may also insist any or one of your family members become co-applicants in the case of an NRI loan. 
  • If you have given the power of attorney to any of your family members, the lender is likely to insist one of the family members is available in the country as co-applicant for follow-ups and communication purposes to minimize repayment risks.

Credit Score Reports

It is always better to check your and the other co-applicant’s credit score and bureau report prior to applying. This will help to ensure that you are aware of all your past and current loans along with their performance over time. 

In some cases, if it is observed that you may have an old credit card with some minor payment overdue or incorrect reporting by any financial institution, it may lead to the possibility of hampering your overall credit score, reducing the chances of approval.

In India, there are primarily four credit bureaus via which you can check your credit report. Any bureau after paying relevant fees, which is about INR 500, will process your credit report. These credit bureaus include CIBIL, Equifax, CRIF Highmark and Experian.  

When to Avoid Taking a Joint Home Loan?

When a co-applicant already has significant loan obligations and is not left with sufficient income to be eligible for a higher home loan amount, it is generally advisable to reconsider taking a joint home loan and instead consider an individual home loan.

Healthy credit history is very important for lenders while considering applications and a co-applicant who has a bad credit history or poor track of repaying past loans is a major factor while assessing the eligibility of a new loan. 

If your income is sufficient to cover costs with no additional benefits available in terms of tax write-offs, it is suitable for you to avoid a joint home loan and keep the responsibility of your liability limited.

Joint home loans are also best avoided if there is a plan for taking on a larger liability or loan in the near future as the joint loan may impact the eligibility criteria of future loans due to existing liabilities.

Bottom Line

A joint home loan is a beneficial financial tool with the potential of helping the borrower secure higher loan amounts. 

It can aid individuals significantly improve their spending power and investing threshold while buying a larger and more comfortable home and at the same time keeping the primary applicant’s liabilities manageable by sharing the repayment burden with other co-applicants. 

If utilized correctly, it can help you enjoy higher tax benefits, while simultaneously reducing overall tax outgo on a yearly-basis. 

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Fixed-rate student loan refinancing rates inch up, but still hover near record low

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Our goal here at Credible Operations, Inc., NMLS Number 1681276, referred to as “Credible” below, is to give you the tools and confidence you need to improve your finances. Although we do promote products from our partner lenders who compensate us for our services, all opinions are our own.

The latest trends in interest rates for student loan refinancing from the Credible marketplace, updated weekly.  (iStock)

Rates for well-qualified borrowers using the Credible marketplace to refinance student loans into 10-year fixed-rate loans hit another low during the week of April 12, 2021.

For borrowers with credit scores of 720 or higher who used the Credible marketplace to select a lender, during the week of April 12:

  • Rates on 10-year fixed-rate loans averaged 3.78%, up from 3.73% the week before and down from 4.81% a year ago. The record low for 10-year fixed rate loans was 3.71%, during the week of Feb. 15, 2021.
  • Rates on 5-year variable-rate loans averaged 3.26%, up slightly from 3.13% the week before and down from 3.28% a year ago. Variable-rate loans recorded a record low of 2.63% during the week of June 29, 2020.

Student loan refinancing weekly rate trends

If you’re curious about what kind of student loan refinance rates you may qualify for, you can use an online tool like Credible to compare options from different private lenders. Checking your rates won’t affect your credit score.

Current student loan refinancing rates by FICO score

To provide relief from the economic impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic, interest and payments on federal student loans have been suspended through at least Sept. 30, 2021. As long as that relief is in place, there’s little incentive to refinance federal student loans. But many borrowers with private student loans are taking advantage of the low interest rate environment to refinance their education debt at lower rates.

If you qualify to refinance your student loans, the interest rate you may be offered can depend on factors like your FICO score, the type of loan you’re seeking (fixed or variable rate), and the loan repayment term. 

The chart above shows that good credit can help you get a lower rate, and that rates tend to be higher on loans with fixed interest rates and longer repayment terms. Because each lender has its own method of evaluating borrowers, it’s a good idea to request rates from multiple lenders so you can compare your options. A student loan refinancing calculator can help you estimate how much you might save. 

If you want to refinance with bad credit, you may need to apply with a cosigner. Or, you can work on improving your credit before applying. Many lenders will allow children to refinance parent PLUS loans in their own name after graduation.

You can use Credible to compare rates from multiple private lenders at once without affecting your credit score.

How rates for student loan refinancing are determined

The rates private lenders charge to refinance student loans depend in part on the economy and interest rate environment, but also the loan term, the type of loan (fixed- or variable-rate), the borrower’s credit worthiness, and the lender’s operating costs and profit margin. 

About Credible

Credible is a multi-lender marketplace that empowers consumers to discover financial products that are the best fit for their unique circumstances. Credible’s integrations with leading lenders and credit bureaus allow consumers to quickly compare accurate, personalized loan options ― without putting their personal information at risk or affecting their credit score. The Credible marketplace provides an unrivaled customer experience, as reflected by over 4,300 positive Trustpilot reviews and a TrustScore of 4.7/5.

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