The process of buying a house is not a fast one and you may be wondering how long does it really take to close a deal. The seller must first accept the offer, and after that, if you’re applying for a mortgage, you can expect to close and own the property within 60 days at most.
Sometimes, delays can happen for unexpected reasons, so the process would take longer as well. Technically, there are various closing periods, with the shortest at 15 days. In a 2019 report, Realtor.com finds that closing a deal normally lasts up to 45 days after contract signing.
Steps in Closing On A House Sale
First time home buyers may be surprised that a few other people are involved when closing on a house. That means that the decision and processes do not only lie with the seller. Knowing the steps and processes that are involved will give you an advantage because you can prepare things ahead to facilitate a smooth transaction. Sorting out the details and preparing the necessary documents will expedite the whole process, especially when dealing with the proper authorities.
Purchase contract signing. The buyer and the seller must first agree on the purchase price. There are also instances that the seller refuses to pay closing costs if the buyer requests. Both parties must come to a compromise to make things faster. After settling an agreement, it signals the closing process.
Cash deposit. The buyer must submit an earnest deposit for the house that must stay in an escrow account for the meantime.
Due diligence period. Unless the buyer chooses it, there will be up to 10 days for an inspection. This gives the buyer time to back out of the contract if the condition of the home is not satisfactory.
Home insurance. You must acquire a hazard home insurance first before applying for financing. It will help the mortgage company to decide if you are worth the risk. The insurance protects homeowners from specific damages to the home, depending on the policy you buy. Your policy could cover damages that are caused by flood, fire, vandalism, theft, and other events.
Appraisal period. The mortgage company may choose to hire an appraiser to determine the value of the property. The lender may, however, skip this step if the buyer pays in cash.
Mortgage or financing. Settling your financing, such as a mortgage application, comes next. It is a time-consuming process as you may have to submit the proper documentation such as your personal details, employment, and income. You can prepare all these documents ahead while you are still processing the previous steps.
Contingency on the former home. As a buyer, you must check if there’s a contingency that came with your former home. Some contracts state that you must first complete the sale of your former home before acquiring another.
Settled title search. Another process that sellers must first work on is to make sure that nobody else will be claiming the house after or during the sale or after closing on a house.
Optional walk-through. During this time, it may also be the first instance that the buyer is viewing the home without the seller’s furniture. It allows the buyer to see the home in a new light.
Fund transfer. A closing attorney must receive the mortgage company’s financing, the earnest deposit from the escrow, and the down payment.
Closing of sale. The buyer sits down with the real estate agent and the closing agent to witness the signing of documents that will transfer property rights to your name. Expect to spend at least an hour on this part.
Possible Cause Of Delays
The buyer and the seller may choose an earlier closing date. However, that deal will only be completed if everything you need is in order. There could be factors that can cause the closing to be delayed, and some of these are the following.
If you want to make the closing faster, settle your funding right away since it is one of the major factors that will get you to close the deal. Do remember that there is also a high chance for your application to be denied if you have no credit or bad credit history, a high debt-to-income ratio, and a low down payment. Delays may also happen if you have missing information on your application.
It can sometimes happen that mortgage satisfaction may not have been recorded after it was closed. The sellers can also be in a divorce battle, or the property is under probate. To avoid the headache of tax liens, submit a copy of the title company’s satisfaction before the title search.
Sellers may miss a few details that the buyer can easily spot. Depending on the deal, the sellers may choose to make specific fixes. It rarely happens, but this can lower the price of the property. Buyers can also opt to fix the house through a tax credit.
An appraiser must gain access to the home, and if he or she names a lower price, the mortgage creditor must create adjustments to the loan price. This process doesn’t happen overnight. It is also best to inform the mortgage company to have the home appraised first before making any decision.
Buying a home is usually considered a major milestone in one’s life, as it is seen as a reward for working diligently throughout the years. The process that it takes to closing on a house takes patience and may cause stress and frustrations because of rejections and delays in financing, titles, and existing property issues. However, careful planning, preparation, due diligence, and cooperating with the right people can ease the whole process. After all, the house of your dreams is waiting at the end of the tunnel of all that paperwork.
Tillie Schaefer is a successful blogger who regularly publishes articles on finance and investment on her blog. Tillie also works with finance-related websites to submit guest posts and engage with more readers.
Refinancing is a wonderful way to save money on your monthly car loan payment – but it can cost you more in the long run if you’re not careful. Refinancing when you have a subprime auto loan isn’t always as easy as refinancing a vehicle when you have good credit. Working with the right lender can help, though.
What Is Refinancing?
Refinancing is when you replace your existing car loan with a different one for the same vehicle, which may have either a lower interest rate, a longer loan term, or both.
Qualifying for a lower interest rate is optimal for getting a lower monthly payment and saving money overall. If you only extend your loan term without getting a lower rate, you actually end up paying more in interest charges over the term of your loan.
Auto loans typically use a simple interest formula, meaning your interest charges add up daily. The longer your loan term, the more you pay the lender – it’s wise to choose the shortest loan term you can afford. If you only extend your loan term you may end up paying more than the vehicle’s value!
Refinancing can typically be done with your current lender or with another one. It’s a good idea to shop around for the best possible rate before going with the first offer you receive. When you shop for the same type of financing with multiple lenders in a two-week timeframe, it’s called rate shopping. When you do this only one credit inquiry impacts your credit score instead of multiple, minimizing the negative impact that hard pulls can have on your credit score.
Options for Bad Credit Borrowers
Taking out a subprime auto loan is a great way to improve your credit, so, if you’ve kept up with your loan to this point and just need a little wiggle room in your budget, refinancing could be for you. Your credit is an important factor in refinancing your auto loan because refinancing is typically reserved for people with good credit.
However, when a borrower already took out a subprime car loan, many refinancing lenders are willing to work with them as long as they’ve made improvements to their credit over the course of the loan. Better credit alone doesn’t qualify you for refinancing, though.
In order to qualify for refinancing, you, your vehicle, and your loan all need to meet the requirements of a lender. These vary, but in order to refinance your car you typically need to meet these qualifications:
Have a better credit score than when you began the loan
Have had your auto loan for at least one year
Have an acceptable loan amount
Have no more than 100,000 miles on your vehicle
Car can’t be more than 10 years old
You must be current on your payments
There can’t be negative equity in the vehicle
Lenders that refinance typically prefer cars that are in good condition, that aren’t too old, and have lower mileage. Some lenders may not want to refinance a vehicle that’s at risk for breaking down or is depreciating quickly.
They’re generally looking for a loan that isn’t too new, or too close to being paid off as well. And, refinancers may also require that you haven’t missed a payment on your original car loan. A borrower whose current on their loan gives a lender confidence you’ll manage the new loan well.
Alternatives to Refinancing Your Subprime Auto Loan
If you’re not able to refinance your vehicle, you typically still have the option to trade it in for something more affordable. Even if you’re still paying on a loan, all you have to do is pay off the loan to release the lien on the car.
Even if it’s years from the end of your loan term, you may have a good chance at trading in your vehicle, especially now. Due to fluctuations in the auto market, used cars are in high demand currently, which means that dealerships may be willing to pay a higher price to get your used vehicle on their lot – even if you’re a bad credit borrower looking to trade-in.
If you still owe on an auto loan this gives you a better chance at selling your car for the amount you owe to the lender. It may even give you enough cash left over to put toward your next, more affordable vehicle!
Ready to Get Started?
If you think refinancing your subprime auto loan is the way to go, you can check out our resources, here. But, if you think that finding an affordable, used car with a lower monthly payment is the right choice for you, we want to get you started toward your goal today!
At Auto Credit Express, we’ve got a coast-to-coast network of special finance dealerships ready to work with borrowers who are struggling with credit challenges. To get connected to a dealer in your local area that’s signed up with subprime lenders, simply fill out our auto loan request form. It’s fast, free, and never carries any obligation.
Many of us got our first credit cards when we were either in college or in our early 20s. We likely did not have a full-time job with a steady salary, and if we did, it’s also likely we weren’t rolling in dough.
Given these circumstances, the first credit cards offered to us were probably of a particular kind: low credit limits, no prior credit history required, high annual percentage rate and overall easy to get. While these cards served us well as a way to build up our credit — and probably learn some lessons about money the hard way — it’s time to let go for a couple of reasons.
The Benefits of Upgrading Your Card
When you upgrade your card, it’s likely you will also upgrade the benefits. Some companies, like Discover, Credit One and Capital One, are popular choices as a first credit card. However, these companies have better options as you, and your finances, mature.
The Wall Street Journal suggests asking for an upgrade. “Customers need to phrase it as a ‘product change’ when they call the card company. A product change involves getting a new card with the same card provider and it typically allows a cardholder to keep everything else the same, including the account number and available credit.”
This could be a good idea for those who are not ready to jump ship from their first credit company just yet. It also removes the hassle of having to find a different provider, and probably the largest benefit of all — no hard credit check needed.
A “hard” credit check is when your credit is thoroughly examined, and it results in an inquiry showing up on your credit report. These are always necessary for opening a new line of credit, like a credit card or a mortgage, but too many inquiries can count against you and negatively affect your credit. A “soft” credit check, on the other hand, will not affect your credit score and is usually done for verification purposes, such as when you apply for new employment. Soft checks also happen with preapprovals.
If you ask for a product change on a credit card, you won’t need to have that hard inquiry because the company already has a solid picture of your credit and has done an inquiry before. But it’s important to confirm that your credit history will be rolled over to the new card.
Switching credit institutions all together can be beneficial, depending on what you’re trying to achieve. While the rules of credit apply whether you have, for example, a Credit One or Chase credit card, it’s not a secret that certain credit cards have certain reputations — or that credit bureaus take notice.
For example, the Credit One Bank Visa card is “one of the most popular credit cards for people with bad credit, largely because it’s one of the few unsecured cards that applicants with poor credit scores can get approved for,” according to WalletHub.
In contrast, American Express credit cards are best for people with credit scores over 700 and require at least “good” credit for approval, WalletHub adds. A good credit score is one that’s between 670 and 739, according to Fair Isaac.
So while both cards function the same way, the profile of those who own these cards might be different — or at least be perceived as such.
Theoretically, the same person could own both cards, but your money works for you more with an American Express vs. a Credit One. If you have a Credit One card but qualify for American Express, it might make sense to leave your old credit card behind. In addition to the immediate financial benefits, upgrading for a credit card company that has a reputation for being exclusive to those with good credit could help when you apply for a mortgage or apply for credit cards at specific stores.
The first question you should ask yourself is, “What is my card doing best for me?” If the answer is helping you build your credit, getting you out of bad credit or allowing you to have credit when you otherwise would not be able to, then sticking with the same card, or at least the same credit card company, makes sense.
This allows you avoid a new credit inquiry on your credit report while still building and increasing your credit. Asking for a credit limit increase on your credit card if you’ve been with the same company for a while, you’ve been routinely paying off your card and you’re in good standing, is a good idea.
If you are shopping around for a new card that gives you rewards or benefits based on your purchases, starting small is paramount. It wouldn’t be prudent to go straight for a card that has a yearly fee, for example.
Start small, and start smart with credit limits, too. Going from a limit of $2,000 straight to a limit of $15,000 while your salary remains relatively unchanged is not always a good thing. Having a higher credit limit doesn’t necessarily mean that you are now richer or more responsible — it only means that you now have a greater risk of putting yourself into serious debt. Slowly increasing your credit limit makes your debt more manageable — and makes you look more responsible to credit bureaus.
Getting into debt is easy — and the numbers prove it. About 80% of Americans across generations are currently in debt, a 2019 Nitro survey found. And the total amount of household debt in America is nearly $13.95 trillion, according to the Federal Reserve Bank of New York’s most recent report on household debt and credit.
One of the biggest reasons people get stuck in debt is because they believe that debt is just a part of life, said Debbi King, owner of the personal finance coaching firm The ABC’s of Personal Finance. In fact, a 2015 Pew study found that 7 out of 10 people said debt is a necessity in their lives. “However, debt is a result of wanting or needing something that you don’t have the cash to buy at the moment,” King said.
If you are determined to get rid of debt, you can rid yourself of these wants. “You have to not want debt so bad that you refuse to use it no matter what,” King said.
You also need to give yourself a wake-up call by keeping close tabs on your spending to see how much you’re relying on debt to maintain your lifestyle. “You may be using your credit card more than you realize,” said Bruce McClary, vice president of marketing for the National Foundation for Credit Counseling (NFCC).
Once you figure out how much you owe, make a plan to pay off the debt. Having a goal of getting out of debt might give you the motivation you need to stop relying on it.
Many people assume they will never fall deeply into debt, said Matt Cosgriff, a certified financial planner and wealth management group leader at BerganKDV. “But it can happen so easily if you aren’t financially prepared,” he added.
For example, if you don’t have cash reserves to cover unexpected expenses, you might have to rely on credit cards. You will end up paying more than the original cost of the emergency if you do not pay off the balance quickly because of the interest on your card charges. Plus, you might not be able to build savings to cover future emergencies if your money is going toward paying off debt.
You can avoid this situation by creating an emergency fund, Cosgriff said. Ideally, you should save enough to cover up to six months of expenses. If necessary, start by setting aside a little each month, then increase the amount when you can. And make sure you have adequate insurance to cover catastrophic events, such as a medical emergency or car accident.
It’s hard to eliminate debt if you’re only paying the minimum you owe. In fact, McClary said it can become unmanageable if your balance continues to grow while you’re paying the minimum amount required.
For example, if you have a $5,000 balance on a card with a 17% rate and make a minimum monthly payment of 3% of your balance, it will take you 189 months — or nearly 14 years — to pay off your debt. Meanwhile, you will pay more than $4,000 in interest, according to Navy Federal Credit Union’s minimum payment calculator.
Simply increasing the amount you pay can make a big difference. For example, you can cut the payoff time and interest in half by boosting your monthly payment to 5% of your balance.
Andy Brantner, a certified financial planner and partner at BKLM Financial Services Consulting, knows financial discipline does not come easy. “It’s hard not to buy a better car or a bigger house when you get a raise,” he said. “But failing to keep your expenses steady when your income goes up creates a vicious cycle.”
It can be especially dangerous if you are still carrying debt from the days when you were earning less, and now are taking on more loans to help pay for that bigger house or a better car. Your debt will balloon, leaving you unable to pay if off despite the bigger paycheck.
To avoid this, identify goals and review your spending to see if it’s in line with your priorities. If it’s not, you will need to create a spending plan that will align your expenditures with your values.
If you get a payday loan to cover an emergency, it doesn’t mean you will be stuck in debt forever. After all, most of these short-term loans typically have to be paid back within 14 days.
But most people who get payday loans use them to cover everyday expenses, according to a report by Pew. And they often take advantage of rollover features that allow them to extend the amount of time they have to pay off the loans. Because the interest rates on these loans are so high — the average annual percentage rate is 391%, according to the Center for Responsible Lending — the debt can mount quickly.
If you roll over a typical payday loan of $325 eight times, you’ll owe $468 in interest and have to repay a total of $793, according to the center. Do that often enough and you will be stuck in debt forever.
Make a plan to quickly pay off any payday loans you might have, even if it means getting a second job. Then take steps to improve your credit so you can qualify for lower-rate conventional loans going forward.
You Don’t Track Your Finances
“If you aren’t paying attention to where your money is going, it’s easy to overspend in certain areas and then not have enough for those unexpected expenses or your regular bills, which puts you in debt and keeps you there,” said Andrea Woroch, consumer and money-saving expert.
“Stay on top of your finances by checking your accounts daily,” Woroch said.
It’s easy to do this from your phone by using your bank and credit card apps, or you can use a tracking app like Mint, which links all your financial accounts in one place.
“When you see how much you’re spending in one area, it’s easier to cut back,” Woroch said. “Remember, you can’t change what you can’t see, so it’s important to actually look at your money regularly to make sure your spending aligns with your budget and goals.”
You Disregard Your Credit Score
“If you don’t have a healthy credit score, your interest rate on your credit cards and/or loans is likely really high,” Woroch said.
The higher the interest rate you have to pay on your debt, the harder it will be to pay it all off.
“Get on track by committing to improve your credit score, which you can do in a few ways,” Woroch said.
These ways include always paying all your bills on time, keeping your credit utilization rate below 30% and using a credit-building loan to boost your score.
“For example, Self is an app that helps you build credit while you save,” Woroch said. “It’s a credit-builder loan, which is an affordable and accessible loan you take out in your name — but you don’t receive the money upfront. Instead, you make payments to yourself over the course of one to two years, and Self reports the payments to all three credit bureaus. In the end, the money you’ve put aside every month unlocks in the form of savings minus fees. It’s a unique product that is an accessible option.”
You’re Not Maximizing Your Earning Potential
“There are only so many ways you can cut back on your day-to-day and monthly spending,” Woroch said. “Sometimes you have to make more money to really get ahead financially and get out of debt.”
That means that if your only source of income is your day job, you probably aren’t doing enough to get yourself out of debt.
“People often limit their ability to make more money because they don’t think outside the box,” Woroch said.
“If you can’t ask for raise or find a better paying job, then take on a side hustle,” Woroch said. “For instance, you can make up to $1,000 a month by simply petsitting in your own home via sites like Rover.com, which makes it super easy to set up a schedule that works best for you. This doesn’t require any special skills or really any time commitment because you can do this from home when you’re already home. Plus, you can double your side income by doing another side hustle at the same time as petsitting, like freelancing via Upwork.”
Student loan debt has reached $1.5 trillion, and payments on more than 9% of this student loan debt are at least 90 days late, according to the Federal Reserve Bank of New York. “So many people right now are burdened with student loan debt,” McClary said.
If your student loan debt is unmanageable, McClary recommends talking to a certified student loan counselor to identify your options, such as income-based repayment or loan consolidation. You can visit studentloanhelp.org to find an NFCC member who will offer student loan counseling at little or no cost.
To avoid racking up student loan debt, McClary recommended that parents and students look for sources of free money for college, such as grants and scholarships. And families should weigh the costs of the schools their child wants to attend against the child’s earning potential after graduation. That will help the family determine whether the child will be able to pay off student loans.
You Allow FOMO To Dictate Your Spending
“One of the biggest things that causes people to overspend and brings them into debt is FOMO — the fear of missing out is a real thing,” said Ande Frazier, CEO of online financial community MyWorth. “It’s easy to get anxious when other people are having fun without you, especially when it’s happening in real-time on social media. This feeling might have you saying ‘yes’ to more dinners, drinks, activities and vacations than you want or can reasonably afford to attend.”
Frazier recommends using cash instead of credit so that you really think about your spending decisions, rather than mindlessly swiping to keep up with the Joneses.
“The tangible nature of cash gives more value to the decision to spend that money, rather than just swiping a credit card, because you can see it and feel it,” she said. “It’s a form of mental accounting.”
You Have Your Financial Priorities Mixed Up
If you’re not allocating your money wisely, it will take you longer to pay off debt than it should.
“The most common mistake when it comes to short-term debt (i.e., credit card debt) is the belief that one needs to save and invest simultaneously,” said Roi Tavor, CEO and co-founder at Nummo, a personal finance management platform.
Any money you are putting toward saving and investing accounts is money you aren’t putting toward paying down debt.
“Before putting money in a savings account that yields 1% or 2%, make sure to pay off credit cards that charge you 10% or more on outstanding amounts,” Tavor said.
You Set Unrealistic Goals for Yourself
If you’ve been in debt for a while, maybe you’re constantly telling yourself that this will be the month you pay off all your debt. But if you have thousands of dollars of debt, this goal likely isn’t realistic.
“Having a plan to pay down debt is a great starting point; however, if you make your goals too lofty, you’ll set yourself up for failure,” said Leslie Tayne, founder and head attorney at debt solutions law firm Tayne Law Group. “In doing so, you’ll likely get discouraged and may even give up, preventing you from reaching your goal of paying off your debt.”
“While you, of course, want to pay down your debt as quickly as possible, keeping your goals reasonable will help keep you motivated and on track to get that debt paid off,” Tayne said.
Start by making it your goal to pay off one credit card or loan at a time. Ideally, start with the card or loan with the highest interest rate, and move down the line in order from highest to lowest interest until they’re all paid off.
You Justify Credit Card Spending Because of the Points You Earn
Many credit cards offer rewards systems that can be beneficial if used correctly.
“Many people charge almost all of their everyday purchases to their credit cards to take advantage of these rewards,” Tayne said. “However, if you’re carrying debt, the interest you’re paying will be negating the value of your points. Keeping the mindset that you’re always working towards the point may also be keeping you in debt if you’re not paying off your balances in full every month.”
“Consider switching your everyday purchases to cash or debit, or ensure that you’re paying off each of your credit card purchases in full while you’re working to pay down your debt,” Tayne said.
You Don’t Differentiate Between ‘Wants’ and ‘Needs’
Sometimes there can be a fine line between “wants” and “needs.” Let’s say your TV breaks and you need a new one. You head to the store and see a brand new 65-inch TV and decide that’s the one that you “need.”
“Sure it’d be nice to have in your living room, but do you need a $2,000 item for entertainment? Especially if you are going into debt for it and it’s going to cost $3,000 with interest by the time it’s paid off?” said Brandon Neth, credit card and award travel expert at FinanceBuzz.
“When you’re at Best Buy, you may be able to tell the difference between a 55- and a 65-inch screen mounted right next to one another, but once you’re home, you realize you’ll likely be fine with a smaller TV,” he continued.
Set a budget for yourself before you walk into a store, and consider buying items that aren’t name-brand.
“As a former Magnolia/Best Buy employee here’s a friendly piece of advice: Many of the non-brand-name TVs use the same panels and technology as the big brand TVs,” Neth said. “Often they’re just calibrated differently out of the box. They can be adjusted to create almost the exact same picture in many cases. Save the money, invest it and build wealth — not debt.”
You Go Overboard During the Holidays
Nearly half of those surveyed in 2019 by Discover said they plan to rely on credit to pay for most of their holiday spending. That can lead to starting off the new year in debt. If you don’t pay it off quickly and turn to credit again every holiday season, your debt will mount.
“It’s really important at this time of year for people who might have a weakness to find support,” McClary said. Find a credit counselor through NFCC.org or look for a workshop to get support for building a habit of saving rather than spending, he said.
McClary also recommended avoiding spending time around others who have a tendency to overspend and “getting in situations where you’ll be melting the plastic at the register. Lock up the credit cards this time of year.”
Your Focus Is On the Short Term Rather Than the Long Term
“People don’t think long-term,” Neth said. “They are too focused on the now and looking for instant gratification.”
He gives the example of regularly charging coffee to your credit card — even if it only costs $5.
“If you’re doing that twice a week, that $10 adds up quickly,” Neth said. “Even worse, if you’re putting this on a credit card that you’re not paying off in full each month, paying interest on your two cups of coffee may raise the cost to over $20. Although it’s convenient and tastes good, remember how much further your money can go.”
A change in your spending mindset can help you break this debt-causing behavior.
“The one thing we don’t get more of in life is time, so look at your expenses as time,” Neth said. “How much are you actually making an hour once you deduct taxes, expenses and other related costs? A $15-an-hour job is probably closer to $9. Stop and think, is two cups of coffee worth an hour of my time?”
This is an especially important mental exercise for larger purchases.
“How many extra years must you work to pay off that car or TV? These numbers just get higher as you account for accruing interest,” Neth continued. “Don’t stall your financial future by making impulse decisions today. Set goals for the future and remind yourself of them daily. It takes hard work to get out of debt and stay out of it, but when you do, you take back control of your life.”