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How Does a ROBS Work?

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Ready to launch or grow your own small business but don’t want to take on debt? A rollover as business startup (ROBS) may be an option to consider, if you’re willing to risk some or all of your retirement savings.

ROBS enable entrepreneurs to fund a business using money held in eligible retirement accounts. ROBS  are complex and costly but can pay off if your business is a success. Before you decide if a ROBS is right for you, here’s an explanation of this startup funding option.

 

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How does a ROBS work?

With a ROBS, you roll over money from a 401(k) or traditional individual retirement account (IRA) into a new business or franchise without incurring early withdrawal penalties or taxes. If you’re under the age of 59 and a half, any 401(k) withdrawals normally incur a 10% penalty, but that doesn’t happen with a ROBS.

ROBS are not a loan. You don’t pay it back or pay interest. You do need to hire an attorney and/or a third party to set it up for you. “You have to follow very specific rules in order to do it properly,” Matthew Gillman, CEO of SMB Compass, told business.com.

To be eligible for a ROBS, you need to incorporate your business and open a new business 401(k). Once you’ve completed those two steps, you can transfer funds from your existing 401(k) or IRA to the business. [Need funding for your business but don’t think a ROBS is right for you? Read our review of the top business loans and alternative funding options.]

What are the requirements to set up a ROBS?

Unfortunately, with ROBS, there are a lot of guidelines to follow. Here are four significant rules you need to be aware of:

  1. You must have an eligible retirement account. To qualify for a ROBS, you need a qualified tax-deferred retirement account. If you have a 401(k), 403(b), IRA, Simplified IRA, Keogh or Thrift Savings plan, you’ll qualify. You can’t use money held in a Roth IRA or Roth 401(k). If you’re still gainfully employed, most companies won’t allow a current employee to roll over retirement savings to a ROB – you’ll need to use a retirement account not associated with your employer.
  1. You must have at least $50,000 in the fund. To use your 401(k) for a ROBS, you need at least $50,000 in retirement savings.
  1. You can’t be a passive investor in the business. The IRS requires you to be a contributing employee of the business you’re funding with your retirement savings. A ROBS is for an entrepreneur who will run the enterprise full-time – it’s not for someone looking for a passive investment.
  1. You must pay yourself a reasonable wage. Just because you’re the owner doesn’t mean you can overpay yourself. The IRS doesn’t say what jobs you must perform in the company, but you have to pay yourself a fair market salary. As a fiduciary of the plan, you must act in the best interest of the plan, and that includes what salary you take.

What are ROBS-prohibited transactions?

You could face tax consequences if you pay yourself an excessive salary, use business property for personal use, or use money from the ROBS to pay ROBS provider fees. If you act in the 401(k) plan’s best interest you should be in the clear.

How do you set up a ROBS?

There are several steps involved with setting up a ROBS plan, which is why most people use a third-party provider. Here’s what it entails:

  • Create a C corporation. To be eligible for a ROBS, your business must be structured as a C-corp. With a C-corp, the owners and shareholders are taxed separately from the business. If you’re operating an LLC or a sole proprietorship, you’ll have to convert the business to a C-corp.
  • Pick a retirement plan. Once you are an established C-corp, you have to choose a retirement plan for your business. Funds from your existing retirement account will be deposited into the new plan. Your new plan can be a 401(k), defined contributions or a profit-sharing plan.
  • Roll over funds into the ROBS. After the plan is set up, you can initiate a rollover from your retirement accounts. It can take two to four weeks for the rollover to be complete.
  • Buy stock in the company. With the new funds in your company 401(k), you then buy shares in your C-corp.
  • Use the proceeds for business operations. Whether you’re growing an existing business or launching a new one, at this point, proceeds from the ROBS can pay for the business’s expenses.

What are the pros and cons of ROBS?

As with any investment, ROBS have many pros and cons that need to be carefully weighed.

Pros of using a ROBS

  • You don’t have to take out a loan. Borrowing money to fund a business is expensive, whether it’s a short-term loan or you’re borrowing against your sales. Besides the monthly payments, there’s interest and other fees. That’s not the case with a ROBS plan. “If you feel confident in what you do, this is a way to access capital,” said Phil Mitchell, a certified public accountant and member of the AICPA Personal Financial Planning Committee. “If I got a loan, I would be responsible via a personal guarantee.”
  • You avoid early withdrawal penalties. Unless you’re over the age of 59 and a half, if you withdraw money from your 401(k) or IRA, you will pay a 10% tax penalty. (Some exceptions apply, such as if you’re using savings to pay for medical expenses.) With a ROBS, you avoid that. “There is no withdrawal penalty, you are simply rolling one 401(k) into another and buying stock later,” said David Nilssen, CEO of Guidant Financial.
  • There’s no underwriting involved. Bad credit may prevent you from getting a loan, but that isn’t a factor with a ROBS. Since you’re using money you saved for retirement, a credit check doesn’t occur.

Cons of using ROBS

  • You’re draining your retirement fund. Using your retirement savings to fund a startup business has significant trade-offs. If your business succeeds and profits surge, you may recoup the money and then some. If the reverse happens and you struggle, your retirement is at risk or, at the very least, is delayed. “It’s the opportunity cost,” said Mitchell. “It’s how well did the C-corp do versus how the stock market did.”
  • You miss out on compounding interest. One of the benefits of investing in stocks and bonds is compounding interest, which is interest that you earn on the investment plus interest earned from previous periods. The longer your money is invested, the greater the return. Your retirement savings won’t grow if it’s tied up in your business.
  • Many small businesses fail. According to the Small Business Administration, about two-thirds of businesses with employees last two years, and only about half pass their fifth anniversary. “One of the biggest risks with ROBS is the high level of businesses that fail,” said Bobby Glotfelty, senior licensed financial professional at Betterment for Business. “Not only can your business fail, but you’re risking your own retirement.” Glotfelty said ROBS should be viewed as a last-resort option.
  • You must structure your business as a C-corp. C-corps can be incredibly complex. You’ll likely need help establishing one and an accountant to handle your taxes.
  • The chance of being audited increases. Run afoul of any IRS rule related to ROBS and your plan may be disqualified. In turn, you’ll face penalties and taxes. “It’s definitely complicated. You open yourself to a higher risk of being audited,” said Gillman.
  • It’s not cheap. While you won’t pay early withdrawal penalties, you will pay an upfront fee, plus a recurring charge to the plan provider. “There’s only a handful of providers that help facilitate ROBS,” said Glotfelty. “It’s expensive, and there’s an ongoing cost associated with it.” For example, Guidant charges $4,995 for setup and $139 per month for plan administration.

Setting up a ROBS plan is not a solution for every entrepreneur. If you want to preserve your retirement savings, ROBS isn’t for you. If you’re confident your business will succeed and aren’t afraid to take the risk, ROBS are a way to avoid taking on debt. It’s incumbent on you to make a decision based on a realistic assessment of your prospects, now and in the future.

“The ROBS is for anyone who is buying or starting a small business, where they believe there is great upside potential and investing in it will yield greater results outside the stock market,” said Nilssen.

ROBS FAQs

What are the costs involved in ROBS?

The ROBS industry is dominated by a handful of players that charge a flat upfront fee and a recurring administration expense charged monthly. Guidant, a leader in the market, charges a one-time fee of $4,995 and a $139 monthly fee to administer their ROBS plan.

How do you unwind a ROBS transaction?

Whether you’re unwinding the ROBS because your business is a success or failure, there are several steps involved. It’s important to follow all of the steps, because, otherwise, you face steep penalties from the IRS.

First, you have to contact your ROBS provider to alert them of your intentions. To unwind the 401(k), you must adopt a board resolution to end the plan. All stockholders must be notified the plan is being terminated. You may have to file IRS Form 5310, depending on your business. Check with your accountant to see if it’s a requirement.

Once that’s done, to complete the transaction, file IRS Form 5500, which is due the last year of the plan after the distribution of the assets. The 401(k) is not terminated in the eyes of the IRS until you file this form.

How is a ROBS different from an ESOP?

ROBS enable business owners to access tax-advantaged retirement dollars to fund a business venture. Employee Stock Option Plans (ESOPs) are similar to profit-sharing plans. The company uses its stock or cash to buy existing shares. It’s often used to reward employees and to fund growth, and is designed to hold employer stock.

How many people can invest in a business using a ROBS?

If you are entering into the business with a partner or multiple partners who also plan to use a ROBS plan to fund the new venture, you’re not limited in terms of who can invest in the business with a ROBS. However, you and your partners must be a contributing employee to the business.

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Loans Bad Credit Online – PNC Personal loan 2021 Review | Fintech Zoom

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Loans Bad Credit Online – PNC Personal loan 2021 Review

Top perks

Low minimum loan amount

Customers can borrow $1,000 to $20,000. That minimum loan amount of $1,000 is unusual in the personal loan industry. A low minimum threshold means you can get the cash you need to cover small emergencies without being tied down to a larger loan.

Wide range of repayment terms

You have between 6 and 60 months to repay the loan. There are pros and cons to longer repayment terms, so this flexibility allows you to customize your term to your situation.. With PNC, you have the option of designing a repayment plan that fits your monthly budget.

Joint applicants welcome

Whether you need a joint applicant’s high credit score to qualify for a lower loan interest rate or someone has decided to co-assume responsibility for a personal loan, PNC allows for joint applicants.

What could be improved

Terms depend on location

The first thing you will be asked is where you live. On its loan homepage, PNC states that “PNC product and feature availability varies by location.” While this may be good news for borrowers in some areas of the country, it could be bad for others. You’ll need to see what it means for you.

Lowest interest rate reserved

If you’re looking to borrow enough to make repairs to your roof or buy a new furnace, you might not borrow enough to qualify for PNC’s lowest advertised interest rate. That’s because that low interest rate is reserved for those borrowing more money. For example, PNC will automatically assign a $5,000 loan a higher interest rate than a $15,000 loan.

Loans Bad Credit Online – PNC Personal loan 2021 Review

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Loans Bad Credit Online – Loans Bad Credit Online – PNC Personal loan 2021 Review | Fintech Zoom | Fintech Zoom

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Loans Bad Credit Online – Loans Bad Credit Online – PNC Personal loan 2021 Review | Fintech Zoom

Loans Bad Credit Online – PNC Personal loan 2021 Review

Top perks

Low minimum loan amount

Customers can borrow $1,000 to $20,000. That minimum loan amount of $1,000 is unusual in the personal loan industry. A low minimum threshold means you can get the cash you need to cover small emergencies without being tied down to a larger loan.

Wide range of repayment terms

You have between 6 and 60 months to repay the loan. There are pros and cons to longer repayment terms, so this flexibility allows you to customize your term to your situation.. With PNC, you have the option of designing a repayment plan that fits your monthly budget.

Joint applicants welcome

Whether you need a joint applicant’s high credit score to qualify for a lower loan interest rate or someone has decided to co-assume responsibility for a personal loan, PNC allows for joint applicants.

What could be improved

Terms depend on location

The first thing you will be asked is where you live. On its loan homepage, PNC states that “PNC product and feature availability varies by location.” While this may be good news for borrowers in some areas of the country, it could be bad for others. You’ll need to see what it means for you.

Lowest interest rate reserved

If you’re looking to borrow enough to make repairs to your roof or buy a new furnace, you might not borrow enough to qualify for PNC’s lowest advertised interest rate. That’s because that low interest rate is reserved for those borrowing more money. For example, PNC will automatically assign a $5,000 loan a higher interest rate than a $15,000 loan.

Loans Bad Credit Online – PNC Personal loan 2021 Review

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Loans Bad Credit Online – Loans Bad Credit Online – PNC Personal loan 2021 Review | Fintech Zoom

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Loans Bad Credit Online – Badger Advisors Gets Bad Review For Credit Card Refinancing | Fintech Zoom

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Loans Bad Credit Online – Badger Advisors Gets Bad Review For Credit Card Refinancing

Editorial Credit: Djomas

Badger Advisors wants you to believe they are offering credit card refinancing and have begun flooding the market with debt consolidation and credit card relief offers. The problem is that the terms and conditions are at the very least confusing, and possibly even suspect. The interest rates are so low that you would have to have near-perfect credit to be approved for one of their offers. Best 2021 Reviews, the personal finance review site, has been following Badger Advisors, Rockville Advisors, Old Dominion Associates, Sooner Partners, Snowbird Partners, Gulf Street Advisors, Memphis Associates, Safe Path Advisors, Plymouth Associates, Tate Funding, Braidwood Capital, Tiffany Funding, Nickel Advisors, Coral Funding, Neon Funding, Polk Partners, Ladder Advisors (also known as Carina Advisors, Corey Advisors, Pennon Partners, Jayhawk Advisors, Clay Advisors, Colony Associates, and Pine Advisors, etc.).

Editorial Credit: Ollyy

Credit Card Refinancing

Credit card refinancing is a possibly feasible solution for your piling credit card debt. Under credit card refinancing, all of your credit card balances go into one account where a single interest rate is charged. If you have a good enough credit score, then you may be able to qualify for credit card refinancing at low-interest rates. Just like other refinance options, credit card refinancing also entails a loan offer to pay off your debts and improve your financial health. You will then have to focus on the credit card refinancing loan only and no other credit card balance.

Another major advantage of credit card refinancing is that the interest rate will not vary over the lifecycle of the loan. This will simplify your life a lot and make debt servicing much easier since you will know how long it will take for you to pay back your loan. With variable interest rates that you often find in credit cards, you can end up incurring higher interest expenses. But with a fixed interest rate that credit card refinancing purveys, you will not have to face this unwelcome possibility.

With the right kind of credit card refinancing loan, you can possibly save hundreds and even thousands of dollars on interest expenses this way. Of course, you will have to be punctual with your monthly repayments. If the terms and conditions of your credit card refinancing loan are favorable then you may very well embark on the road to financial freedom and get there before you know it.

Is There Any Difference Between Credit Card Refinancing and Debt Consolidation?

From the aforementioned discourse, you may have realized that credit card refinancing is very similar to debt consolidation and that indeed is the case. Both are about settling all debts with one favorable loan so that you can focus on this loan only and enjoy its lenient terms and conditions to rebuild your credit score and gradually work your way towards debt freedom.

Provided the terms and conditions of your credit card refinancing loans are suitable, this financial option represents a viable route for managing and paying off your outstanding liabilities in a better way.

Why Credit Card Refinancing loan May be Better

A credit card refinancing loan may be a better choice than a balance transfer card. The idea of a balance transfer card is to take advantage of the zero APR introductory period that usually lasts from 12 to 18 months. However, there are a few caveats due to which a balance transfer card may not exactly be a good idea.

The zero APR period may look tempting but it still may not be long enough to pay off your entire credit card debt. And that is unfortunate because once the zero APR limit expires then you will have to pay very high interest and you may even incur penalties. Then there is the question of balance transfer fees that can offset the advantages of the zero APR time frame.

Another problem is that the credit limit of the balance transfer credit card may not be big enough to accommodate all of your credit card balances. This is a real possibility since your credit card debt is high to begin with and it may not fit within the credit limit of the balance transfer card.

Then there is the danger of spending with the balance transfer credit card. The inability to control spending and use of credit cards is the very reason why people fall into credit card debt traps in the first place. This possibility is very much open and present with balance transfer cards. Instead of helping you, they may worsen your debt situation since they too are credit cards that are all too easy to misuse. What’s worse, they have exorbitant interest rates.

Such a scenario cannot transpire with a credit card refinancing loan since it is not a credit line – this loan immediately goes towards paying off your credit card balances due to which there is no peril of misuse. Instead of getting another credit card in the shape of a balance transfer card it is much safer to freeze all of your cards and repay your debts.

If you do your research on credit card refinancing then you might find that some people also include balance transfer credit cards under this heading. But due to the drawbacks mentioned above, you should try to steer clear of balance credit cards and instead take out a personal loan for the sole purpose of repaying your credit card debts.

The prime advantage of credit card refinancing is that they can provide you with a low interest rate if you have a good enough credit score.

How to Make Credit Card Refinancing a Success

While credit card refinancing provides good terms and conditions, it is not a magic elixir that will cure all of your financial woes.

To make your credit card refinancing a success, you will have to follow some good money habits and exercise discipline at the same time.

You should try to find extra sources of income. You can think about working overtime at your job if that is possible. If not, you can opt for freelancing gigs and projects. Even if you earn a few hundred dollars through this route each month, it will prove to be of great assistance in helping you become debt-free more quickly.

You should also think up ways of saving on expenses. A major reason why consumers incur enormous debts is that they do not track their spending. This is a habit that you must remedy forthwith if you wish to get out of your financial predicament quickly. No matter how little your expense, make sure you record it somewhere secure. You can utilize apps to record your transactions. Thus, you will know the areas on which your spending is inordinate. You will also be able to compare your spending with your planned budget.

You should get in touch with your financial advisor to find out whether credit card refinancing is right for you.

Loans Bad Credit Online – Badger Advisors Gets Bad Review For Credit Card Refinancing

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