First things first: Ivan broke down what’s actually considered to be “bad credit.”
He explained that any FICO score under 670 is generally seen as low. Although, some mortgage options are available with scores starting at 580.
On the other hand, a FICO score of 740 or above is considered “very good” and will help you lock in the best possible interest rate and mortgage product.
According to Ivan, mortgage lenders typically use the following credit score ranges:
300-579 — Poor credit score
580-669 — Fair credit score
670-699 — Fairly good credit score
700-739 — Good credit score
740-799 — Very good credit score
800-850 — Exceptional credit score
Those with good, very good, or exceptional credit have access to just about any mortgage loan they want. And they typically get lower rates, too.
But that doesn’t mean buyers with lower credit scores are automatically excluded from homeownership.
In fact, the most common type of home loan — a conforming mortgage — allows credit scores starting at 620. And FHA loans require only 580 to get approved with some lenders.
Lenders set their own credit score requirements
It’s important to realize that different financial institutions have different ‘overlays.’
This essentially means that lenders can set their own rules about what credit scores are needed for borrowers.
For instance, an FHA loan is a federally-backed mortgage that only requires a 580 score to qualify, according to the Federal Housing Administration. But the bank that’s actually lending you the money might set its own FHA credit score requirement at 620 or higher.
That means there’s no ‘real’ minimum credit score requirement to buy a house.
Even if the loan type you want has a low minimum credit score, the bank or credit union you’re borrowing from may have an overlay that requires a higher score.
So you’ll need to double check with lenders you’re considering about their credit requirements. And if one requires an above-average score, keep shopping until you find a more flexible lender.
Next up, Ivan listed some of the loan programs you can look into if your credit is in the ‘fair’ or ‘poor’ range.
FHA loan (min. score 500-580) — This federally-backed loan accepts borrowers with credit scores as low as 500. However, if your credit score is that low, you’ll be required to put at least 10% down. A 580 minimum is far more common. As Ivan noted, different lenders may set their own credit overlays, so you’ll have to double check with your specific lender to see if you qualify
VA loan(min. score 580-620) — VA loans are backed by the Department of Veterans Affairs, and they’re only available to borrowers with military service eligibility. For those who qualify, the VA has no official minimum credit score. However, VA lenders commonly look for a FICO score of 580-620
USDA loan(min. score 640) — This loan type is only available in eligible rural areas. Typically, USDA loans only require a 640 FICO score. However, you’ll have to check with your lender on specific requirements. Ivan noted that especially coming out of the pandemic, many lenders have set more stringent overlays for loans
Conventional loan(min. score 620) — A conventional mortgage requires at least a 620 credit score, as well as a 3-5% down payment
Of all the loan options available, Ivan explained that his favorite option by far is the FHA loan.
“It’s a little bit easier to qualify for and the credit requirements are a bit lower,” he explained. “That’s my personal choice for financing with not-so-great credit.”
DTI compares your debt payments to your gross monthly income. And if you have a lot of existing debt (for example, student loans, credit cards, and a car loan), it can become hard to qualify for a mortgage.
But the FHA program is lenient about DTI, giving first-time home buyers a little extra wiggle room with their income.
The best mortgage varies from person to person, so ask your loan officer or mortgage broker to help you compare options and find the right fit.
Tips for mortgage qualifying with bad credit
Last but not least, Ivan delved into some tips that can help home buyers get approved with a less-than-perfect credit rating.
Find a lender you can trust
Find a loan officer you trust and who you’re comfortable asking plenty of questions. This makes all the difference, he notes.
Ivan encourages listeners and readers to reach out to him personally (@theivansimental) if they don’t have someone in their area they do trust. He may be able to help connect you.
Do a credit clean-up
You can take a few steps to quickly boost your score by:
Paying all your bills and loans on time every month. Your payment history makes up 35% of your FICO score, so this has a big impact
Making sure all of your credit cards and accounts are below 30% of their credit limit. This improves your ‘credit utilization ratio’
Checking your credit report for errors and getting them fixed. You can get a free credit report once a year on annualcreditreport.com
Getting added as an authorized user on someone’s account who has a good credit score and credit history; this can help your own score in return
Working up to a higher credit score — even by just a few points — can make a big difference in your mortgage approval and the interest rate you’re offered. So do what you can before you apply, even if you don’t have a lot of extra time.
Go through the preapproval process
It might sound a little strange, but Ivan’s next tip is to go through the entire pre-approval process for a home loan.
Pre-approval involves filling out a loan application and providing a few supporting documents so the lender can verify your home loan eligibility.
Ivan recommends taking this step even if you aren’t sure you’ll qualify for a mortgage.
Why? Because in doing so, you’ll have the chance to sit down with a loan officer and get targeted advice on how to increase your chances of getting approved.
“See what things can be done within the next 30, 60, and 90 days to really boost your FICO score,” he suggests.
Usually, bad credit comes down to factors like overdue or late payments. And the loan officer may be able to help you set up an action plan to resolve those things.
The other benefit of going through the process with a lender, Ivan says, is that if they can’t help you, they will “100% connect” you with a credit specialist. This person can go even deeper and do things like delete accounts and file disputes which could have a big impact on your score.
Buying a house with bad credit: FAQ
What’s the lowest credit score to buy a house?
With most lenders, the lowest credit score to buy a house is 580. That’s the norm to qualify for a federally-backed FHA loan. However, some lenders increased their minimum requirements to 600, 620, or higher during the pandemic. So you may have to shop around for more lenient financing these days.
Can I buy a house with a 500 credit score?
The Federal Housing Administration does allow credit scores starting at 500. But there are strings attached. First, you need a down payment of at least 10% of the purchase price if your score is below 580. Second, lenders get to set their own credit minimums. So even though FHA allows credit scores of 500-579, most lenders don’t. You’d have to do your research and find a company willing to work with you.
How can I buy a house with bad credit and low income?
If you have a credit score of at least 620 and low income, the Fannie Mae HomeReady loan or Freddie Mac Home Possible loan is a great place to start. These programs have special guidelines for low-income buyers and only require 3% down. FHA is another great option, as these loans are more flexible about debt-to-income ratios.
How can I quickly raise my credit score?
One of the best things you can do for a quick credit score fix is check your credit report for errors and get them resolved. Another strategy is to get added as an ‘authorized user’ on the credit account of a family member or partner with a great score. This reflects well on your own credit. Finally, you might look into a ‘rapid rescore,’ which is a way for credit bureaus to more quickly process recent positive changes to your credit history.
How do I get a mortgage with no credit?
Having no credit is different from having bad credit. If your score is low because you haven’t borrowed much in the past, you may be able to qualify with alternative credit data. This could include sources like rent payments, utility payments, cell phone and internet bills, and more. Ask your mortgage lender about qualifying with nontraditional credit.
How much house can I get approved for with a 580 credit score?
A 580 credit score is typically only allowed with an FHA loan. The maximum amount you can qualify for depends on your down payment and DTI, but it cannot be above FHA’s current loan limits. VA loans may allow a credit score of 580 and do not impose loan limits, but the amount you can borrow still depends on your personal finances.
What’s the easiest mortgage to qualify for?
Generally, an FHA mortgage is considered to be the easiest to qualify for if you have low credit. Veterans and service members will likely find it easiest to qualify for a VA home loan.
Check your mortgage eligibility today
In closing, Ivan encouraged listeners to look for strategies to buy a home now, rather than waiting for the perfect credit score.
He pointed out that while you’re waiting and trying to perfect your credit, interest rates and home prices are likely to go up, so it’s just going to get more expensive to buy.
“You don’t have to have perfect credit to buy a house,” Ivan recommends. “Buy real estate and wait. Don’t wait to buy real estate.”
Before house hunting, connect with a lender to find out whether you qualify for a mortgage and how much home you can really afford to buy.
When you hear the name Sallie Mae, you probably think of student loans. There’s a good reason for that; Sallie Mae has a long history, during which time it has provided both federal and private student loans.
However, as of 2014, all of Sallie Mae’s student loans are private, and its federal loans have been sold to another servicer. Here’s what to know if you have a Sallie Mae loan or are considering taking one out.
What is Sallie Mae?
Sallie Mae is a company that currently offers private student loans. But it has taken a few forms over the years.
In 1972, Congress first created the Student Loan Marketing Association (SLMA) as a private, for-profit corporation. Congress gave SLMA, commonly called “Sallie Mae,” the status of a government-sponsored enterprise (GSE) to support the company in its mission to provide stability and liquidity to the student loan market as a warehouse for student loans.
However, in 2004, the structure and purpose of the company began to change. SLMA dissolved in late December of that year, and the SLM Corporation, or “Sallie Mae,” was formed in its place as a fully private-sector company without GSE status.
In 2014, the company underwent another big adjustment when Sallie Mae split to form Navient and Sallie Mae. Navient is a federal student loan servicer that manages existing student loan accounts. Meanwhile, Sallie Mae continues to offer private student loans and other financial products to consumers. If you took out a student loan with Sallie Mae prior to 2014, there’s a chance that it was a federal student loan under the now-defunct Federal Family Education Loan Program (FFELP).
At present, Sallie Mae owns 1.4 percent of student loans in the United States. In addition to private student loans, the bank also offers credit cards, personal loans and savings accounts to its customers, many of whom are college students.
What is the difference between private and federal student loans?
With federal student loans, you typically do not need a co-signer or even a credit check. The loans also come with numerous benefits, such as the ability to adjust your repayment plan based on your income. You may also be able to pause payments with a forbearance or deferment and perhaps even qualify for some level of student loan forgiveness.
On the negative side, most federal student loans feature borrowing limits, so you might need to find supplemental funding or scholarships if your educational costs exceed federal loan maximums.
Private student loans are educational loans you can access from private lenders, such as banks, credit unions and online lenders. On the plus side, private student loans often feature higher loan amounts than you can access through federal funding. And if you or your co-signer has excellent credit, you may be able to secure a competitive interest rate as well.
As for drawbacks, private student loans don’t offer the valuable benefits that federal student borrowers can enjoy. You may also face higher interest rates or have a harder time qualifying for financing if you have bad credit.
Are Sallie Mae loans better than federal student loans?
In general, federal loans are the best first choice for student borrowers. Federal student loans offer numerous benefits that private loans do not. You’ll generally want to complete the Free Application for Federal Student Aid (FAFSA) and review federal funding options before applying for any type of private student loan — Sallie Mae loans included.
However, private student loans, like those offered by Sallie Mae, do have their place. In some cases, federal student aid, grants, scholarships, work-study programs and savings might not be enough to cover educational expenses. In these situations, private student loans may provide you with another way to pay for college.
If you do need to take out private student loans, Sallie Mae is a lender worth considering. It offers loans for a variety of needs, including undergrad, MBA school, medical school, dental school and law school. Its loans also feature 100 percent coverage, so you can find funding for all of your certified school expenses.
With that said, it’s always best to compare a few lenders before committing. All lenders evaluate income and credit score differently, so it’s possible that another lender could give you lower interest rates or more favorable terms.
The bottom line
Sallie Mae may be a good choice if you’re in the market for private student loans and other financial products. Just be sure to do your research upfront, as you should before you take out any form of financing. Comparing multiple offers always gives you the best chance of saving money.
Wealth manager, Harry Abrahamsen, has five simple ways to stay on top of the big financial picture.
PORTLAND, Maine — Keeping track of our financial stability is something we can all do, whether we have IRAs or 401ks or just a checking account. Harry J. Abrahamsen is the Founder of Abrahamsen Financial Group. He works with clients to create and grow their own wealth. Abrahamsen shares five financial tips, starting with knowing what you have.
1. Analyze Your Finances Quarterly or Biannually
You want to make sure that your long-term strategy is congruent with your short-term strategy. If the short-term is not working out, you may need to adjust what you are doing to make sure your outcome produces the desired results you are looking to accomplish. It is just like setting sail on a voyage across the Atlantic Ocean. You know where you want to go and plot your course, but there are many factors that need to be considered to actually get you across and across safely. Your finances behave the exact same way. Check your current situation and make sure you are taking into consideration all of the various wealth-eroding factors that can take you completely off course.
With interest rates very low, now might be a good time to consider refinancing student loans or mortgages, or consolidating credit card debt. However, do so only if you need to or if you can create a positive cash flow. To ensure that you are saving the most by doing so, you must look at current payments, excluding taxes and insurance costs. This way you can do an apples-to-apples comparison.
The most important things to look for when reviewing your credit report is accuracy. Make sure the reporting agencies are reporting things actuary. If it doesn’t appear to be reporting correct and accurate information, you should consult with a reputable credit repair company to help you fix the incorrect information.
4. Savings and Retirement Accounts
The most important thing to consider when reviewing your savings and retirement accounts is to make sure the strategies match your short-term and long-term investment objectives. All too often people end up making decisions one at a time, at different times in their lives, with different people, under different circumstances. Having a sound strategy in place will allow you to view your finances with a macro-economic lens vs a micro-economic view. Stay the course and adjust accordingly from a risk and tax standpoint.
A great tip for lowering utility bills or car insurance premiums: Simply ask! There may be things you are not aware of that could save you hundreds of dollars every month. You just need to call all of the companies that you do business with to find out about cost-cutting strategies.
Sana pwedeng mabura ang bad credit history as quickly and easily as paying off your utility bills, ‘no? Unfortunately, it takes time. And bago mo pa maayos ang bad credit mo, more often than not, kailangan mo na namang mag-avail ng panibagong loan.
Good thing you can still get a loan even with bad credit, kahit na medyo limited ang options. How do you get a loan if you have bad credit? Alamin sa short guide na ito.