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Experian Credit Score vs FICO

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When you think “credit score,” you probably think “FICO.” The Fair Isaac Corporation introduced its FICO scoring system in 1989, and it has since become one of the best-known and most-used credit scoring models in the United States. But it isn’t the only model on the market.

Another popular option is called VantageScore, the product of a collaboration between the three major credit reporting agencies: Experian, Equifax, and TransUnion. It uses similar scoring methods to FICO but yields slightly different results.

Each scoring model has multiple versions and multiple applications—you don’t have just one FICO score or one VantageScore. Depending on which bureau creates the score and what type of agency is asking for the score, your credit score will vary, sometimes siginifcantly. One credit score isn’t more “accurate” than another, they just have different applications. Learn more about the different types of credit scores below.

When you sign up for ExtraCredit, you can see 28 of your FICO scores from all three credit bureaus. Your free Credit Report Card, on the other hand, will show you your Experian VantageScore 3.0.

What Is a VantageScore?

VantageScore was created by the three major credit reporting agencies—Experian, Equifax, and TransUnion. It uses similar scoring methods to FICO but yields slightly different results.

One of the primary goals of VantageScore is to provide a model that is used the same way by all three credit bureaus. That would limit some of the disparity between your three major credit scores. In contrast, FICO models provide a slightly different calculation for each credit bureau, which can create more differences in your scores.

FICO vs. VantageScore

So, what are the differences between an Experian credit score calculated using VantageScore and one calculated via the FICO model? More importantly, does the score used matter to you, the consumer? The answer is usually no. But you might want to look at different scores for different needs or goals.

Understanding the Scoring Models

FICO and VantageScore aren’t the only scoring models on the market. Lenders use a multitude of scoring methods to determine your creditworthiness and make decisions about whether or not to give you credit. Despite the numerous options, FICO scores and VantageScores are likely the only scores you’ll ever see yourself.

Here’s what FICO uses to determine your credit score:

  • Payment history. Whether or not you pay your bills in a timely manner is critical, as this factor makes up around 35% of your score.
  • Credit usage. How much of your open credit you have used—which is called credit utilization—accounts for 30% of your score. Keeping your utilization below 30% can help you keep your credits core healthy.
  • Length of credit. The average age of your credit—and how long you’ve had your oldest account—is a factor. Credit age accounts for around 15% of your score.
  • Types of credit. Your credit mix, which refers to having multiple types of accounts, makes up around 10% of your score.
  • Recent inquiries. How many entities have hit your credit history with a hard inquiry for the purpose of evaluating you for credit is a factor for your score. It accounts for about 10% of your credit score.

VantageScore uses the same factors, but weighs them a little differently. Your VantageScore 4.0 will be most influenced by your credit usage, followed by your credit mix. Payment history is only “moderately influential,” while credit age and recent inquiries are less influential.

Each company also gathers its data differently. FICO bases its scoring model on credit data from millions of consumers analyzed at the same time. It gathers credit reports from the three major credit bureaus and analyzes anonymous consumer data to generate a scoring model specific to each bureau. VantageScore, on the other hand, uses a combined set of consumer credit files, also obtained from the three major credit bureaus, to come up with a single formula.

Both FICO and VantageScore issue scores ranging from 300 to 850. In the past, VantageScore used a score range of 501 to 990, but the score range was adjusted with VantageScore 3.0. Having numerical ranges that are somewhat consistent helps make the credit score process less confusing for consumers and lenders.

Your score may also differ across the credit bureaus because your creditors aren’t required to report to all three. They may report to only one or two of them, meaning each bureau likely has slightly different information about you.

Variations in Scoring Requirements

If you don’t have a long credit history, VantageScore is the score you want to monitor. To establish your credit score, FICO requires at least six months of credit history and at least one account reported to a credit bureau within the last six months. VantageScore only requires one month of history and one account reported within the past two years.

Because VantageScore uses a shorter credit history and a longer period for reported accounts, it’s able to issue credit ratings to millions of consumers who wouldn’t yet have a FICO Score. So, if you’re new to credit or haven’t been using it recently, VantageScore can help prove your trustworthiness before FICO has enough data to issue you a score.

The Significance of Late Payments

A history of late payments impacts both your FICO score and your VantageScore. Both models consider the following.

  • How recently the last late payment occurred
  • How many of your accounts have had late payments
  • How many payments you’ve missed on an account

FICO treats all late payments the same. VantageScore judges them differently. VantageScore applies a larger penalty for late mortgage payments than for other types of credit payments.

Because FICO has indicated that it factors late payments more heavily than VantageScore, late payments on any of your accounts might cause you to have lower FICO scores than your VantageScores.

Impact of Credit Inquiries

VantageScore and FICO both penalize consumers who have multiple hard inquiries in a short period of time. They both also conduct a process called deduplication.

Deduplication is the practice of allowing multiple pulls on your credit for the same loan type in a given time frame without penalizing your credit. Deduplication is important for situations such as seeking auto loans, where you may submit applications to multiple lenders as you seek the best deal. FICO and VantageScore don’t count each of these inquiries separately—they deduplicate them or consider them as one inquiry.

FICO uses a 45-day deduplication time period. That means credit inquiries of a certain type—such as auto loans or mortgages—that hit within that period are counted as one hard inquiry for the purpose of impact to your credit.

In contrast, VantageScore only has a 14-day range for deduplication. However, it deduplicates multiple hard inquiries for all types of credit, including credit cards. FICO only deduplicates inquiries related to mortgages, auto loans, and student loans.

Influence of Low-Balance Collections

VantageScore and FICO both penalize credit scores for accounts sent to collection agencies. However, FICO sometimes offers more leniency for collection accounts with low balances or limits.

FICO 8.0 also ignores all collections where the original balance was less than $100 and FICO 9.0 weighs medical collections less. It also doesn’t count collection accounts that have been paid off. VantageScore 4.0, on the other hand, ignores collection accounts that are paid off, regardless of the original balance.

What Are FAKO Scores?

FAKO is a derogatory term for scores that aren’t FICO Scores or VantageScores. Companies that provide FAKO scores don’t call them this. Instead, they refer to their scores as “educational scores” or just “credit scores.” FAKO scores can vary significantly from FICO scores and VantageScores.

These scores aren’t completely valueless, though. They can help you understand where your credit score stands or whether it’s going up or down. You probably don’t want to shell out money for such scores, though, and you do want to ensure the credit score provider is drawing on accurate information from the credit bureaus.

Is Experian Accurate?

Credit scores from the credit bureaus are only as accurate as the information provided to the bureau. Check your credit report to ensure all the information is correct. If it is, your Experian credit scores are accurate. If your credit report is not accurate, you’ll want to look into your credit repair options.

Our free Credit Report Card offers the Experian VantageScore 3.0 so you can check it regularly. If you want to dig in deeper, you can sign up for ExtraCredit. For $24.99 per month, you can see 28 of your FICO scores from all three credit bureaus. ExtraCredit also offers rent and utility reporting, identity monitoring and theft insurance, and more.

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Victims of SolarWinds Cyberattack Face Investigation Costs, Liability Issues

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While the customers impacted by the recent SolarWinds Corp. cyberattack are rightly being described as victims, they are nonetheless facing significant costs stemming from the incident.

SolarWinds’ customers will need to determine whether any of their data was accessed or exfiltrated. Making that determination requires a digital forensics investigation, typically involving a third-party security vendor.

First, the Forensic Investigation

The forensics bill depends on factors such as the number and types of devices and systems on a network, the geographic distribution of the network, and whether the customer already had a contract with a security vendor to provide such services in the event of a security incident.

If investigators determine that certain categories of personal information of residents of U.S. states or certain foreign countries was accessed or exfiltrated from a SolarWinds customer, the victim will need to provide notices to affected individuals. It is considered a best practice to offer credit repair and monitoring services and call centers to assist affected individuals.

Depending on its contracts, the victim company also may be required to notify its business customers and vendors and to reimburse them for expenses they incur in investigating and mitigating the effects of the breach and providing notifications. It may also be required to indemnify them for third-party lawsuits and regulatory proceedings.

The victim company may also be required to notify regulators or state attorneys general. Such agencies may issue fines if their investigations find that the company’s cybersecurity practices were not adequate or that the company did not notify within a required time frame. Additionally, the victim company may incur substantial costs in defending consumer, business partner, or shareholder derivative lawsuits.

Furthermore, after it has been determined that an adversary has accessed a network, there is a debate about whether any device on the network can be trusted and remain in use. Many IT security practitioners recommend fully rebuilding a network that has been breached by malware.

Take Proactive Steps to Address Potential Liability

Once the security incident has occurred, there are limits to what a company can do to minimize its liability. It can work cooperatively with its business partners to reduce the likelihood that they will sue. But other costs, such as class action suits, regulatory fines, or legal fees are considerably less controllable.

Not surprisingly, the best time to address potential liability for a security incident is before it happens. All companies, regardless of whether they were victims of the SolarWinds breach, should consider taking the following proactive measures:

  • Contracts with business partners should have reasonable limitations of liability and the implications of the cost of data breach provisions and indemnities should be carefully scrutinized, not just for each contract as it is negotiated, but in the aggregate for all contracts.
  • Companies should have cyber-insurance policies in place and, because the details of cyber-insurance coverage vary, they should also have a good working knowledge of what is and is not covered by the policies.
  • Companies should follow reasonable cybersecurity practices, not only to reduce the chances of experiencing a security incident, but to reduce the likelihood of being fined or successfully sued if an incident outside their control occurs.
  • Companies should regularly conduct a risk assessment and develop and update a written security plan based on the risk assessment.

In fact, many statutes and regulatory frameworks, such as the New York SHIELD Act, the Massachusetts Standards for the Protection of Personal Information, the rules and guidelines issued under the federal Gramm-Leach-Bliley Act, and New York’s Department of Financial Services Cybersecurity Regulation, require risk assessments, written security plans, and the use of reasonable cybersecurity measures.

Also, the California Consumer Privacy Act gives private litigants a right to sue if their personal information is exfiltrated as a result of a company’s failure to use reasonable security measures.

Assess Future Risk, Take Compliance Steps

What security measures are reasonable is heavily driven by the risk assessment. Recognized standards such as ISO 27001, the National Institutes of Standards and Technology Cybersecurity Framework, or the Center for Internet Security Critical Security Controls can be used to determine what is reasonable. Using an accredited outside vendor to certify compliance can help establish the proper diligence.

Common best practices include network segmentation, appropriate logging, use of intrusion detection systems, multi-factor authentication, use of current encryption standards in connection with data at rest and in transit, strong password requirements, use of password managers, regularly backing up data and testing the restoration of data, patching and vulnerability management, and regularly testing security controls and incident responses. Data retention policies also should not be overlooked , since data that a company has not retained cannot be the subject of a data breach.

Educating employees about risks and best practices is also important. Additionally, companies should foster close multi-stakeholder coordination and communication about security. Representatives from the security organization, legal, IT, procurement, and product or sales groups should be included in the discussions.

Companies have exposure to significant potential liability arising from the SolarWinds security incident and a short set of options for limiting that liability. The best time for a company to limit its liability for security incidents is before they happen.

This column does not necessarily reflect the opinion of The Bureau of National Affairs, Inc. or its owners.

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Andrew Baer is chair of the Technology, Privacy & Data Security group at Cozen O’Connor where he focuses his practice on cutting-edge technology transactions on both the buy-side and sell-side, cloud computing, data privacy, security compliance, software, and transactions in the digital advertising ecosystem.

Christopher Dodson is an attorney at Cozen O’Connor, where he focuses his practice on privacy, technology, and regulatory law. He works extensively with clients on issues rated to compliance with the GDPR, CCPA, and privacy and data security laws.

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Lexington woman opens new tax agency in her hometown; Valentine’s Day events planned

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TRU Tax office opens in Lexington

Sharicka Holloway Sides is planning a grand opening celebration on Jan. 30 for her recently opened TRU Tax office in Lexington.

The 2008 graduate of Lexington Senior High moved back to her hometown after a stint of living in Georgia to open her business at 364 Dixon St. The local agency opened in December.

“I moved back really because I got an offer to have my own agency, and a majority of my clients are in North Carolina,” she said. 

Shortly after high school, Sides began doing her own taxes and helping family members file their annual tax forms. She worked for various tax preparation companies in N.C. and Georgia during the next several years. TRU Tax began in Georgia, she said, and now has agencies in Texas, Georgia, Alabama, North Carolina and Ohio.

“I love to help people,” she said, explaining why she began working in the tax form preparation industry. “My company will be about modifying charges and getting you the most (refund) back as possible. We have so many tools to use. If I can lower your fee or help you get more refund than you did last year, I’m all for it.”

TRU Tax also has credit repair and accounting services. Sides’ Lexington office will concentrate on tax returns, however, and has 10 employees. She said she will refer clients to TRU Tax credit repair and accounting specialists if requested.

Managing a new TRU Tax agency in Lexington is not Sides’ only job. She is also working with her husband, Kevin Sides, to open Kitchen Konects, a catering company. She first opened a food catering business of the same name while living in Georgia. More information about this business venture will be given when the opening date is nearer.

Potential clients can reach Sides or her employees by downloading the My Tax Office app and using code 8925LA, or by calling or emailing (404) 721-3349 and [email protected]

Pictured are charcuterie boards made by Chef John Wilson of Sophie's Cork & Ale for the Arts Davidson County New Year's Eve fundraiser. The arts nonprofit and Wilson have teamed up again to offer charcuterie boards for Valentine's Day featuring sweet treats.

Charcuterie boards are back for Valentine’s Day

Arts Davidson County is bringing back its charcuterie board fundraiser, but this time with sweets and wine for Valentine’s Day celebrations at home during the pandemic.

The nonprofit staged a New Year’s Eve charcuterie board fundraiser where it partnered with local artists to make the boards and local restaurants to create the food and sell the wine. 

“We sold 89 boards for New Year’s Eve,” said Amanda Murphy, events and community coordinator for Arts Davidson County. ” We had a few boards left that we did not sell, so we wanted to do this again for Valentine’s. People loved it.”

While the first fundraiser partnered with a Lexington and Thomasville restaurant, the Valentine event will feature the mostly homemade treats of one Lexington restaurant. Chef John Wilson of Sophie’s Cork and Ale in Lexington will fill the handmade boards with Chocolate pretzel sticks, chocolate-covered strawberries, candied pecans, crunchy peanut butter buckeyes, s’mores Girl Scout cookies, pistachio brittle and Nutella marshmallow fluff.

 In addition, Wilson has also partnered with three other Lexington eateries to provide treats. Those treats and businesses are: Chocolate bombs from The Factory – Coffee & Waffles, doughnut holes from Red Donut Shop and swiss rolls from Sinfully Delicious Custom Bakery.

Purchasers will select from six wines when purchasing their charcuterie board at eventbrite.com. The cost is $50. Boards and wine will be ready for pick up at Sophie’s Cork & Ale, located at 23 W. Second Ave., from 3 to 5 p.m. Feb. 13.

“It’s important to us that we are supporting local businesses with our fundraiser,” Murphy said. “…We’re trying to say stay at home and be safe and stay healthy, but you can still support the businesses in our community.”

A Valentine dinner catered by Kathleen Watson of Cuisine Kathleen is planned for Feb. 13 at The Holt House.

Valentine date night dinners planned in small setting at Holt House

The owning partners at the Holt House have planned a Valentine dinner on Feb. 13 at the historic home in Lexington.

Nia Ward, one of three local women who purchased the home in March 2020 to operate it as a wedding and events venue, said she and her partners wanted to provide a way for people to still “go out” for Valentine’s Day but in a safe, socially-distanced way.

Timed, staggered seating will be provided for two to 10 people. Tables will be set up six feet or more apart in all the rooms on the house’s first floor. A party of six to 10 will be provided a private room. There is also an option to purchase a meal and take it home.

Kathleen Watson, owner of Cuisine Kathleen catering, is preparing the meal that features beef tenderloin, seasonal salad, potatoes au gratin, yeast rolls, flourless chocolate torte and a glass of beer or wine. The cost is $50 per person and includes a floral arrangement to take home.

Seating times from 5-7:30 can be made and tickets purchased at holthoucenc.com. Guests may enjoy their private table for up to 1 hour and 45 minutes. Afterward, guests may lounge by the outdoor fire pit and patio area. 

– Jill Doss-Raines is The Dispatch trending topics and personality profiles senior reporter and is always looking for tips about businesses and entertainment events, secret and new menu items, and interesting people in Davidson County. She wants to know what people in Davidson County are talking about. Contact me at [email protected] and subscribe to us at the-dispatch.com.

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How to Find a Credit Repair Company in New York

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Your credit score isn’t something you tend to give too much thought to – that is, until you need to borrow money, rent an apartment, or sign a car lease wherein it may require a credit check.

Suddenly, the fact that you may have missed a bill here and there, fallen behind on payments, and not worried too much about your credit score, will come back to haunt you.

For many people, bad credit can be scary, especially if you’ve never experienced it before. Having bad credit can negatively affect you in all kinds of ways, not just right now, but also in the future. The good news is that this doesn’t have to be a permanent situation, as there are ways you can go about fixing your credit. One of the most effective methods is to work with a credit repair company that understands exactly what steps you will need to take, and how to improve your rating as smoothly and quickly as possible.

So, if you’re looking for a credit repair company in New York and aren’t even sure what you should be looking for, let this act as your guidebook. Here we’ll outline all the most important steps in finding the perfect credit repair company in New York.

Look for a Company with Experience

The first thing to look out for is a company that has credit repair experience. Fixing your credit is a serious matter and not something you want to make mistakes with. This means you need a company that has a proven track record of helping clients, and one that can show real results.

Does the Company Offer a Guarantee?

Besides experience, it’s also wise to ask if the company offers a guarantee on their services. Ideally, it should be a money back guarantee should they not be able to follow through no their promise or guarantee. In other words, they are unable to fix your credit score.

Does the Company Offer a Free Consultation or Evaluation?

It’s also important to look for a company that approaches each case or client on an individual basis. What works for one person may not be the best solution for you. Ask the company in advance if they offer any type of free consultation or evaluation. This gives you a chance to get an idea of the approach they would take, and you can then make a decision if it matches with your needs and wants.

How Long Will it Take to Fix Your Credit?

Any reputable credit repair company should be able to look at your current credit rating, your personal situation, and then give you a rough estimate on how long the process should take. Will it be weeks, months, a year? It’s important to get a realistic idea of what you can expect going forward. Some companies will even offer real-time status updates, which can give you peace of mind knowing that they are working to remedy your credit rating.

Ask What is Needed Of You

While the credit repair company will be doing all the hard work, you will still have a role to play. Make sure to ask what will be expected and needed of you in order for the process to move along smoothly.

What Is the Customer Support Like?

Because you aren’t an expert yourself when it comes to credit repair, there is no doubt you’ll have questions here and there. It’s important to research what the level of customer support is should you have concerns, issues, or questions that you need assistance with.

Inquire Into Various Plans

Here’s a tip you may not think of right away, but it may be helpful. Sometimes it’s not a matter of a credit rating for a single person, rather you need assistance as part of a couple. You can find a robust Couples Plan at Pyramid, a reputable credit repair company. The Couples Plan is actually Pyramid’s most popular plan and boasts a personalized service for two people and specific finance tools for couples, among other features and benefits. It’s a great way to take action as a couple and get some really positive results.

What Will the Company Need from You?

In order to do their job, the credit repair company will need documentation from you, so make sure you are given a list of all the essential items you need to gather. Without all the necessary documents they may not be able to successfully repair your credit score. This is why it’s so important to be keeping careful records at home.

When you do gather all the material for the company, they should also never ask you to lie. Even if it’s not a bold-faced lie, a misleading statement shouldn’t be used either.

Do You Have to Sign a Contract?

While some companies may try to rope you into a contract, there is no reason you have to go with them. Instead, look for a company that doesn’t have contracts or commitments so that you can feel free to leave if you’re not happy.

Asking for Full Payment Up-Front

Another red flag can be a company that asks for full payment up-front. As experts state, these are companies you want to steer far away from.

Read Online Reviews from Other Clients

Finally, you want to take a look at online reviews about any company you are considering using. Although online reviews need to be taken with a grain of salt, they can offer some helpful insight and help to ensure you make an informed decision.

Besides online reviews, you can speak to family and friends who may have worked with a credit repair company in the past and get their insight on the experience they had – both good and bad.

Finding the Company That Will Help You

While it may seem like a lot of things to be mindful of as you look to hire a credit repair company, the fact is that you want your credit score to be repaired quickly and properly, so choosing the right company is key.



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