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Everything You Need To Know About Financing A Car In 2021

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Thinking about financing a car? Depending on your job and where you live, owning a car may be the easiest way to get around. But reliable vehicles can be expensive, which is where car financing comes in.

We’ve reviewed several of the best auto loan providers and researched everything you need to know about the car financing process. This article summarizes the most important information into an easy-to-understand guide to help you find your best auto financing options.

We’ll explain why you would finance a car, how car financing typically works, tips for finding the lowest interest rates, and recommend top lenders to get you started. Read on to learn everything you need to know about financing a car in 2021, and click below to start comparing rates from multiple lenders at AutoCreditExpress.com.

 

In this article:

Is Financing A Car A Good Idea?

If you have the cash to purchase a new car without a loan, take this approach. Unless your annual percentage rate (APR) is zero percent (which is rare), it is cheaper in the long run to purchase a car with cash. Of course, this is not practical or possible for many people. If you need a vehicle soon and don’t have the money saved up, financing may be the only way to purchase a car.

You should finance a car if:

  • You need a car and can’t afford to pay for the full value of the car in cash.
  • You want a car and can’t afford to pay the full value, but you can budget for the monthly expense of your payments.

You should not finance a car if:

  • You cannot afford monthly payments.
  • You can afford to pay for the full value of the car in cash.

 


 

How Does Car Financing Work?

Car financing is a type of loan. A lender will pay for a certain amount when you purchase the car, which you will be required to pay back, with interest, at a predetermined monthly rate. There are several important variables to any auto loan:

  • Purchase price
  • Fees
  • Down payment
  • APR
  • Financing term length

The purchase price is the final agreed-upon cost of the car. Typically, the purchase price is set by a dealer but can be negotiated. On top of this price, you will also be required to pay taxes and other fees depending on the state and dealership. Taken together, these represent the total cost of the car.

Most auto loans do not pay for the entire cost of your vehicle. A typical down payment is 20 percent of the car’s total cost. The higher your down payment, the lower the amount you need to finance. The more you can pay as a down payment, the better, as you will be charged interest on the remaining amount.

APR represents the amount of interest you will pay. In the United States, there is no standard for how APR must be calculated for auto loans. This means that depending on how often the interest is compounded, the same APR for the same loan amount can result in a different total interest paid. For this reason, it is difficult to compare offers between lenders based solely on advertised APR.

Luckily, many car financing offers will clearly state your monthly payment amount. If you multiply this number by the number of installments you will pay, you can determine the total price you will pay. If you subtract this total amount from the amount that you financed, you can figure out exactly how much you will pay in interest.

For example, imagine the total cost of the car you purchase is $20,000. You place a 20-percent down payment of $4,000. This means you take out an auto loan of $16,000 to pay the remainder. If your contract requires you to pay $250 per month for 4 years, you will end up paying a total of $20,000 to your lender. This is $4,000 more than the amount you financed – $16,000 – and represents your total financing fee (how much extra you had to pay in order to get a loan).

Beware of dealerships that advertise zero percent APR. Typically, when a dealer advertises this rate, it may give you no interest on your loan but tack on other fees that increase the total amount you must pay back. For example, rather than saying you must pay $16,000 plus 4 percent APR, the dealership will add a “service fee” on top of the sticker price so that the amount you must pay back is much higher, even though your debt does not accumulate interest.

If your loan contract does not clearly indicate the total amount you will need to pay back, do not sign it. Only agree to an auto loan you fully understand. If you have trouble understanding your loan terms, you aren’t alone. Many loans are intentionally confusing so that the customer has a more difficult time realizing if they are being scammed. Consider enlisting the help of a friend or even a loan professional to review your contract’s terms and conditions before signing.

Your financing term is the length of time it will take for you to pay off your auto loan, assuming that you meet all monthly payment obligations. The longer your finance term, the more you will ultimately pay. This is because the longer your loan remains unpaid, the longer you will accumulate interest. Try to pay off your loan as quickly as possible.

 


 

How To Get Car Financing

Along with deciding on a vehicle and determining your budget, you’ll need to choose where to get your auto loan from. There are several places to request car financing from, and each has its benefits and downsides:

Option For Financing A CarHow It Works
Dealership financingMost dealerships offer vehicle financing, typically through third-party lending partners. This is the most convenient option, as you can compare multiple offers at the dealership and see if there are any special rates for certain vehicles. However, be aware that dealer loans may include high fees.
Bank financingWhile it may be more of a hassle to visit a separate location from where you will buy your car, local banks and credit unions can help work within your budget, won’t pressure you to buy, and will likely offer some of the best terms. Credit unions in particular are likely to be less predatory.
Online lender financingThe easiest way to browse financing offers is online. Many online lenders partner with dealerships so that you can prequalify for a loan and shop for eligible vehicles on the same website. However, there are a lot of online auto lenders out there, so you’ll need to look for one that’s credible.
 

 


 

Tips For Financing A Car

When you are financing a car, there are several best practices to keep in mind to get the lowest rates:

  • Decide how much you can pay beforehand: Before even deciding which car to buy, determine how much you can afford to finance. Think about what monthly payment you can comfortably pay, and work backward from there. Cars depreciate in value, so you can quickly find yourself in debt if you take out a loan you can’t afford. After a few years, is not uncommon for the value of a car to be less than the amount you owe on your loan.
  • Check your credit score: Interest rates are largely based on your credit score. You are entitled to a free copy of your own credit report at least once a year. You can request this at AnnualCreditReport.com and other websites. If you have a poor credit score, you might need a bad credit auto loan. One way to get a better APR if you have a low credit score is to have a cosigner with good credit.
  • Reduce finance charges: Your goal should be to lower the total amount you will pay on top of the cost of your vehicle. This means looking for a low APR and a short payment term. Also, try to reduce the amount you must finance by making as large a down payment as possible. Twenty percent is standard for a down payment, but if you can afford to pay more upfront, you will pay less later.
  • Compare offers: It’s a good idea to compare auto loan offers before you visit the dealership. When doing so, be sure to only request loan offers from lenders that offer pre-qualification that does not include a hard credit check. Hard credit checks lower your credit score, so do not agree to one unless you are ready to finalize a loan offer.

 


 

Recommended Lenders

When financing a car, it can be difficult to know which lenders are credible. To help you sift through the hundreds of choices available, we’ve narrowed down the best loan providers in the industry.

Read on to learn more about some of our top picks, or read our full review of the best auto loans for a longer list of recommended lenders. If you’re ready to start comparing loan offers right away, you can do so via AutoCreditExpress.com.

 

PenFed Credit Union offers some of the lowest auto loan rates we have seen. However, it has stricter credit score requirements than other lenders and may not be an option for some. The company is well-regarded and has a positive reputation online.

PenFed Credit Union ProsPenFed Credit Union Cons
Offers exceptionally low interest ratesModerate customer service reputation
A+ rating from the Better Business Bureau (BBB)Does not offer loans to drivers with poor credit
 Customer reviews describe a slow application process
 

Auto Credit Express is a good choice for those with bad credit. Even if you are undergoing bankruptcy or repossession, Auto Credit Express will work with you. Plus, Auto Credit Express will help you build your credit score if it is low.

Auto Credit Express ProsAuto Credit Express Cons
Offers financing for customers with bad or no creditCurrently has a BBB alert regarding licensing issues
Pairs customers with loans based on credit profilePoor customer reviews
Offers special rates for military members 
 

To learn more about this provider, read our full Auto Credit Express review.

myAutoloan.com is not a direct lender but a portal that connects lenders with customers. It’s a good way to browse loan offers and even find loans for private purchases.

myAutoloan.com ProsmyAutoloan.com Cons
Offers loans for drivers with bad credit historyNot available in Alaska and Hawaii
Offers loans for private purchasesNot available to drivers with credit scores below 575
Good customer service reputation and an A+ rating from the BBB 
 

To learn more, read our full myAutoloan.com review.

 


 

Alternatives To Financing A Car

If you need a vehicle but do not want to take out an auto financing loan, you have a few alternatives.

  • Lease: If you lease a car, you will pay a monthly fee that is likely to be lower than an auto loan payment. However, at the end of the lease term, you must return the vehicle and will be charged for excess damages. Some lease contracts have the option to buy the vehicle at the end of the lease.
  • Private loan: You might ask for a loan from an individual rather than a loan provider. An individual that you know may loan you money at a much better rate than auto lenders (or with no interest at all).
  • Cash payment: If you can avoid making a monthly car payment, it’s the best route to go. Cash payments are the cheapest way to purchase a vehicle in the long run, but most people do not have the funds to take advantage of this option.

 


 

Frequently Asked Questions

What happens if I miss a car payment?

If you think you are going to miss a car payment, contact your lender right away. You may be able to request an extension or have your contract terms changed. If you are able to negotiate any changes, be sure to get them in writing. If you miss too many car payments, your vehicle can be repossessed.

How long should you finance a car?

You should try to finance your car for as short a time as possible. A typical auto loan term is five to six years. Longer auto loans are not recommended because the value of your car may depreciate below the amount you have left in payments.

Can you finance any car?

Which cars you can finance depends on the lender. Many lenders will not provide auto loans unless you buy your car from a dealership, but this is not always the case. A lender will not provide a loan for an especially expensive car if the borrower has a poor credit score or low income. Likewise, if the value of the car is too low, a lender may not offer an auto loan and you’ll need to look into personal loan options.

Which bank is best for car financing?

There is not a single best bank for car financing, though we generally recommend Chase and Capital One – which are generally good banks for auto loans. Typically, a local bank or credit union is your best bet for auto financing.

What credit score do you need to get zero percent financing on a car?

Few lenders offer zero percent financing on auto loans. To be eligible for this interest rate, you would likely need a credit score above 720, as well as a stable income. Most of the time, if a dealership advertises zero percent APR, you will end up paying more in hidden fees.

Is a 72-month car loan bad?

While 72 months is long for a car loan, it’s not uncommon. If you can, try to sign up for an auto loan that does not exceed 60 months (5 years).

What car dealerships are offering zero percent financing?

Few car dealerships offer zero percent financing. Some dealerships advertise “0 percent APR,” but this is usually just a way to get people in the door and doesn’t always equal saving money on your purchase. Rather than charge an interest rate, the final contract may include additional fees that are not legally considered “finance charges.” This has been a common practice among U.S. automakers since the 1980s.

 

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How to get rid of medical debt without damaging your credit

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Medical debt is piling up for Americans – but how do you handle it without ruining your credit? (iStock)

No doubt about it, Americans are drowning in medical debt.

One recent study indicated that 137 million Americans were battling onerous medical debt – and that was just before the coronavirus pandemic rolled into the U.S. Another more recent study from Freedom Debt Relief noted the problem is only growing more severe, as 75% of these individuals say they have accumulated more medical debt since March 2020.

If you have medical debt and want to make sure it’s not hurting your credit, Credible can help. To ensure you’re staying up-to-date with your credit status, enroll in a credit monitoring service. Credible can help you get started.

How to best pay off medical debt

Tackling high medical debt isn’t easy, but it is doable. Financial experts advise that an eye for detail and a disciplined research campaign yields the best result. These strategies may work best.

1. Review EOBs

Some experts estimate that 80% of medical bills contain errors or inflated charges said Sean Fox, president of Freedom Debt Relief in San Mateo, Cal. If you want to deal with medical bills, make sure you’re staying on top of what’s actually in them. “Go back and review the bill in question from your health care insurer, known as an explanation of benefits (EOB),” Fox said. “If you see an issue or have a question, call the provider’s (or insurance company’s) billing department who can solve the problem.”

2. Contact providers 

Be upfront about your situation. “If you’re unable to work and make money to pay your bills (because of your medical state), contact providers’ billing offices and explain,” Fox added. “Ask about any options they can offer to you.”

3. Negotiate payments

Call your providers’ billing offices and ask about payment deferral or other plans. “They may be especially open to working with patients now, during the pandemic,” Fox said. “If you had to visit an out-of-network provider, or if you do not have medical insurance, ask for a cash-payer price. In certain situations, some providers may also charge the discounted Medicare or Medicaid fee.”

4. Get a personal loan

Consider a consolidation loan that covers all your current debt. “The biggest positive impact here is that you end up with just one monthly payment rather than several,” said Matthew Alden, Debt Relief and Bankruptcy Attorney in Cleveland, Oh.

Explore your personal loan options by ​visiting Credible ​to compare rates with multiple lenders – all within minutes.

Improve your credit health

Once you’re on the path to paying off your medical debt, focus on repairing any damage to your credit health.

“One of the best ways to improve your credit score is to simply be consistent over time,” said Daniel Joseph, founder of CoupleWealth.com, a digital platform that helps couples achieve financial stability. “Consistently pay off your balance, avoid making late payments, and ask for credit line increases periodically. Credit scores are heavily influenced by time, so the longer you can consistently have good habits, the better your score will be.”

Multiple factors affect your credit scores, however, and paying your bills and credit accounts on time is typically the most significant factor. An unpaid medical bill can cause serious issues.

Not sure where you fit on the credit score spectrum? Then you should start using a credit monitoring service to track changes to your credit score. Credible can get you set up with a free service today.

“Also, maintain a low credit utilization ratio, which is the amount of debt you have on revolving credit accounts (such as credit cards and lines of credit) compared to your credit limits,” said Laura Adams, the host of the Money Girl podcast. “In general, a utilization ratio of 20 percent or less is best to maintain good credit or improve your scores.

You can also visit Credible.com and use its personal loan calculator to find the best personal loan rates to help pay down medical debt.

Problems tied to medical debt

1. Severe money troubles

According to Michael Broughton, co-founder of Get Perch, a credit building mobile app platform, often people have to go to great financial lengths to dig out of medical debt. “Often this financial hardship has led people to have to tap into their 401(k) accounts, personal savings, or even file for bankruptcy,” Broughton said.

2. Declining credit score issues

If medical debt is not taken care of in a timely fashion, the medical provider or hospital can turn it over to a collection agency who can then report it to the bureaus. “If this happens, the medical debt can negatively impact your credit score,” Broughton added. “However, hospitals or medical providers rarely ever report the debt directly to credit bureaus.”

In the event a medical debt does go to a collection agency, there is some relatively good news

“On the bright side, if it is taken to the collection agency, the three bureaus treat medical debt delinquencies less critically than other debts in that they offer some relief to medical debt holders,” Broughton said. Here’s what they offer:

  • 180-day grace period before showing the debt on your credit report.
  • Removal of the debt from your credit report once it is paid or resolved

Whether you currently have outstanding medical debt or just want to stay on top of your credit, Credible can help. From bad credit to fair credit to excellent credit, to improve your score you first need to know what it is. To see where you fit in, turn to a credit monitoring service. Credible’s partners can help you find your credit score, history, alert you to potential fraud, and more.

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Best Cash-Out Refinance Lenders In 2021

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Tapping into your home’s equity can be a smart move, whether it’s to lower high-interest debt, fund a home renovation, pay for college tuition or make progress toward another financial goal. One way you can accomplish this is through a cash-out refinance, in which you refinance your mortgage for more than what you owe and take the difference out in cash.

Many mortgage lenders offer cash-out refinancing, and Bankrate evaluated several to determine the best ones to consider. Here is our guide to the best cash-out refinance lenders in 2021.

Best cash-out refinance lenders

LoanDepot

LoanDepot has refinanced $179 billion in mortgages since its founding in 2010, with more than 200 branch locations across the U.S. serving borrowers in-person, online and by phone. For borrowers interested in accessing their home’s equity in cash, the lender’s cash-out refinance options include:

  • Conventional and jumbo cash-out refi
  • FHA cash-out refi
  • VA cash-out refi

When working with LoanDepot on a cash-out refinance, you can count on the lender’s “no steering” policy to get the best refinancing option for your needs. In addition, if you come back for a second refinance, you won’t have to pay any lender fees, and the lender will reimburse the appraisal fee as part of its “Lifetime Guarantee.”

Refinancing through LoanDepot can take 45 to 60 days, according to the lender’s website, and in a cash-out refinance, you’ll receive the funds one to three days after closing.

On the downside, LoanDepot doesn’t readily provide cash-out refinance rates through its website, so you’ll need to contact the lender to compare your options. The lender doesn’t offer home equity lines of credit (HELOCs) or home equity loans, either, which could be alternatives to a cash-out refi.

PennyMac

Founded in 2008, PennyMac has a range of loan options for borrowers, including cash-out refinancing for those interested in leveraging their home’s equity. The lender’s cash-out refi products include:

  • Conventional cash-out refi
  • FHA cash-out refi
  • VA cash-out refi

Both the FHA and VA cash-out refinancing options also apply to a non-FHA or non-VA loan if you’re interested in refinancing into an FHA or VA loan, according to the lender’s website.

Among its upsides, PennyMac advertises low cash-out refinance rates, which can make it easy for you to do side-by-side comparisons with other lenders. You can also take advantage of the lender’s refinance calculators and a home value estimator to get a better idea of how much equity you have.

While PennyMac already boasts competitive cash-out refinance rates, its “better rate promise” rewards you with a $250 gift card if you find a better offer from another lender. You’ll also benefit from the lender’s closing guarantee, which rewards you a $500 gift card if the lender causes the closing to be delayed.

PennyMac has no brick-and-mortar locations, however, which can be a disadvantage if you’re looking for an in-person experience.

Better.com

Better.com is touted for its 100-percent online process and speedy service. It has somewhat limited loan options compared to other lenders — no VA or USDA loans, for example — but its cash-out refinancing options include:

  • Conventional cash-out refi
  • FHA cash-out refi

What helps set Better.com apart is the ability to review current cash-out refinance rates on the lender’s website by simply inputting information about your home and your desired cash out. The lender also doesn’t charge lender fees, which can further save you money when you refinance.

Better.com was also named one of Bankrate’s best mortgage lenders overall and best online mortgage lenders in 2021, with fast preapprovals (in as little as three minutes), rate locks (in as little as 30 minutes) and closings sooner than the industry average, according to the lender.

Some drawbacks, however: Better.com isn’t available in every state, so refinancing through this lender might not be an option for some. There are also no branch locations.

Bank of America

If you’re looking for a more traditional lender for your cash-out refinance, consider Bank of America, the second-largest bank in the U.S. with thousands of branches throughout the country. In addition to other types of home loans and refinancing, Bank of America offers borrowers:

  • Conventional cash-out refi
  • FHA cash-out refi
  • VA cash-out refi

The bank was also named one of Bankrate’s best mortgage refinance lenders overall in 2021.

Current Bank of America customers enjoy some perks that others might not have access to. FHA and VA refinancing options are only available to current mortgage customers, for example, and customers enrolled in the bank’s Preferred Rewards could be eligible for an origination fee discount up to $600.

Bank of America’s interest rates are posted on its website for quick comparisons, but the bank doesn’t list lender fees online. Like other lenders, it also has a home value estimator so you can get a sense of what your home might be worth and what your cash-out options are.

New American Funding

New American Funding has proven to be a trusted mortgage lender, with an A+ Better Business Bureau rating and five out of five stars among Bankrate users. The lender’s cash-out refinancing options include:

  • Conventional and jumbo cash-out refi
  • FHA cash-out refi
  • VA cash-out refi

With a cash-out refinance through New American Funding, you can expect to receive your funds within three days of closing. Notably, the lender has flexibilities that some others don’t, making it an attractive option for bad credit borrowers. The lender was also named one of Bankrate’s best mortgage lenders for low credit borrowers in 2021.

New American Funding is available in all states with the exception of Hawaii, and brick-and-mortar branches can be found in many of them.

Fee information isn’t available on the lender’s website, but there are some rate offers advertised to the public. To initiate the cash-out refi process, you can call, request a quote online or apply in person.

Cash-out refinance requirements

To be eligible for a cash-out refi, you typically need to:

  • Have a minimum credit score of 620
  • Have a debt-to-income (DTI) ratio below 50 percent
  • Maintain a minimum 20 percent equity in your home following the cash-out (depending on loan type)

Who is cash-out refinancing for?

A cash-out refinance is best when interest rates are low, and for borrowers who meet the previously mentioned requirements and have specific goals for the funds they’re withdrawing. This includes those seeking to consolidate high-interest debt, complete home renovations or fund a college education.

Cash-out refinance vs. rate-and-term refinance

A cash-out refinance is different from a rate-and-term refinance, in which you lower the rate on your mortgage, change the length of the loan term, or both. A cash-out refi can also lower your rate, but it primarily involves withdrawing a portion of your home’s equity in a lump sum, which adds to the amount of your loan and increases the interest you’ll pay. Those funds can be used for a variety of purposes, such as a major home renovation.

Cash-out refinance vs. HELOC

A cash-out refinance isn’t the only way to tap your home’s equity. You can also pursue a home equity line of credit (HELOC).

With a HELOC, your first mortgage remains intact, but you’ll have access to a revolving source of funds throughout the HELOC draw period, which can be up to 10 years. You are only obligated to pay interest on the funds you withdraw during this period. Once the draw period ends, any balance must be repaid, usually over 15 or 20 years.

The advantages of a HELOC are that you’re only responsible for paying what you use, you can access the funds at any time and you won’t incur interest on untapped funds. However, HELOCs come with variable interest rates, which mean they change, and they could be higher than what you’d get with a cash-out refi.

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Pima Supes address eviction protections

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TUCSON, Ariz. (KGUN) — Economic fallout from COVID has cranked up concerns about evictions as tenants have trouble paying. There are Federal protections to reduce evictions in the pandemic but Pima County Supervisors are concerned about evictions that could bypass those safeguards.

Federal restrictions from the Centers for Disease Control restrict evictions if they could increase health risks in general— or the risk of spreading COVID because someone is put out of a home. Those protections are based on whether someone has trouble paying the rent.

Landlords and their lawyers spoke at this week’s Supervisors meeting. They say compared to keeping a tenant, an eviction is a loss for everyone. They want county rental assistance programs to move much faster to channel Federal grants to help tenants pay rent and help landlords cover their expenses.

Steve Huffman of the Tucson Association of Realtors reminded Supervisors tenants will still have to pay back rent and if they can’t it could hurt them long term.

“Many of them have huge judgments that will be issued against them eventually they will owe back rent for the time that they have not been paying rent, those judgments will create bad credit, and will interfere with future housing opportunities, and also future job opportunities.”

Tenants who create other problems beside non-payment or rent can still be taken to court and evicted.

But Pima Supervisors are concerned about reports of people evicted over questionable claims like a car parked in the wrong space or a toilet clogged too many times.

Chairperson Sharon Bronson says these eviction issues are focused by COVID but call for a broader look at how people become homeless.

“We are addressing basically the pandemic issues right now, but this may be, you know, an opportunity to just began the discussion about the larger discussion about homelessness and addiction down the road.”

Supervisors agreed to ask an existing task force on evictions during COVID to take a fresh look at eviction issues, especially in light of possible policy changes under the Biden Administration.



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