Applying for a credit card is generally an easy process — but if your credit card application is denied, the entire situation becomes a lot more stressful. You might not understand why your credit request was declined, and you might not know how the credit denial will affect your credit score. You also might be wondering whether getting denied for a credit card will make it harder to apply for credit in the future.
Why would you get denied for a credit card? Will a credit card denial hurt your credit score? Let’s take a look at how credit card denials affect your credit, why your application might have been declined and how to avoid credit card denial going forward.
How a denied credit card application affects your credit score
A denied credit card application is likely to cause a slight drop in your credit score — but not because your credit request got declined. Credit bureaus don’t keep track of every declined credit request, and the only lines of credit that appear on your credit report are the ones that got accepted.
However, the three major credit bureaus — Equifax, Experian and TransUnion — do keep track of the number of credit inquiries requested on your account. There are two kinds of credit inquiries: Hard credit checks and soft credit checks. Soft credit inquiries, which often take place when you are applying for a job or going through the pre-approval process for a loan or credit card, do not affect your credit score. Hard credit inquiries, which take place before a lender makes a final decision on your credit application, are one of the five factors that affect your credit score.
Every time there is a hard credit inquiry on your credit file, your credit score will drop by a few points. This happens whether your credit request is approved or declined. A single credit inquiry won’t tank your credit score, but multiple credit inquiries in a short period of time may suggest that you are a risky borrower — which is why new credit inquiries make up 10% of your credit score.
Why your credit card application may have been denied
Lack of credit history: Your credit history makes up 15% of your FICO credit score. If you don’t have much of a credit history yet, it might be hard to apply for new lines of credit — unless you choose a credit card specifically designed for people who have a limited credit history.
If you want to improve your credit history quickly and become eligible for more credit options, we’ve got five tips to help you build a positive credit history.
Low or insufficient credit score: Most credit cards are designed for people within a certain credit range. There are credit cards for people with bad credit, cards for people with fair or average credit, cards for people with good credit and cards for people with excellent credit. If your credit score isn’t high enough for the credit card you’re applying for, your application might be denied.
If your credit card application is declined due to a low or insufficient credit score, you’re not alone. According to a 2019 Bankrate survey, 58% of Millennials have had a credit card or loan application denied because of their credit score.
Irresponsible card usage: Lenders like to see a history of responsible credit card usage before offering you new credit. If you’ve missed too many credit card payments, for example, a lender might deny your credit card application. Your application also might be declined if you don’t pay your monthly credit card bills on time — or if you regularly max out your credit cards.
Errors on your credit report: In some cases, your credit card application might get declined not because of anything you did wrong, but because of an error on your credit report. According to a 2013 Federal Trade Commission study, one in five consumers had an error on at least one of their three major credit reports. This error could be as simple as an outdated address — or as complicated as a history of missed payments that actually belongs to someone with a similar name.
This is why it’s important to review your credit reports regularly and dispute any errors you find.
How to avoid credit card denial going forward
Review your Adverse Action Letter: The best way to learn why your credit card application was denied — and how you can prevent a credit card denial going forward — is to review your Adverse Action Notice. Credit card companies have 30 days to explain why your application was denied, though in most cases your letter will arrive much sooner.
Your Adverse Action Notice might arrive via mail, email or both. Use the information provided in the letter to prevent future credit card denials. If you were denied due to a low credit score, for example, work on improving your credit score before your next credit card application.
Request your credit report: If you haven’t reviewed your credit report in the past few months, it’s time to request your credit report and scan it closely. Make sure all of the information, from your name and address to your history of credit card payments, is accurate. If you find errors on your credit report, dispute them as soon as possible. Equifax, Experian and TransUnion all offer easy online dispute forms to help you get the process started.
Don’t reapply right away: Although you might be tempted to reapply for credit right away, remember that multiple hard credit inquiries within a short period of time can bring down your credit score — and potentially make it more difficult for you to acquire new lines of credit. Before you apply for a new credit card, look for a card that’s a good match for your current credit history and credit score. That way, your application will be more likely to be accepted.
Take steps to improve your score or build credit: If you can improve your credit score or build your credit history before applying for a new credit card, you’ll be better off. The quickest way to improve your credit score is to practice responsible credit usage on your existing credit accounts. Make on-time payments, pay off your balances in full whenever possible and avoid maxing out your credit cards.
If you want to build your credit history, consider applying for a secured credit card. Secured cards provide you with a line of credit in exchange for a small, refundable security deposit. They’re also an excellent option for people who don’t yet meet the requirement for more premium credit cards. If you use your secured credit card responsibly, you’ll build your credit history and your credit score simultaneously — both of which will help you the next time you apply for credit.
Getting into debt is easy — and the numbers prove it. About 80% of Americans across generations are currently in debt, a 2019 Nitro survey found. And the total amount of household debt in America is nearly $13.95 trillion, according to the Federal Reserve Bank of New York’s most recent report on household debt and credit.
One of the biggest reasons people get stuck in debt is because they believe that debt is just a part of life, said Debbi King, owner of the personal finance coaching firm The ABC’s of Personal Finance. In fact, a 2015 Pew study found that 7 out of 10 people said debt is a necessity in their lives. “However, debt is a result of wanting or needing something that you don’t have the cash to buy at the moment,” King said.
If you are determined to get rid of debt, you can rid yourself of these wants. “You have to not want debt so bad that you refuse to use it no matter what,” King said.
You also need to give yourself a wake-up call by keeping close tabs on your spending to see how much you’re relying on debt to maintain your lifestyle. “You may be using your credit card more than you realize,” said Bruce McClary, vice president of marketing for the National Foundation for Credit Counseling (NFCC).
Once you figure out how much you owe, make a plan to pay off the debt. Having a goal of getting out of debt might give you the motivation you need to stop relying on it.
Many people assume they will never fall deeply into debt, said Matt Cosgriff, a certified financial planner and wealth management group leader at BerganKDV. “But it can happen so easily if you aren’t financially prepared,” he added.
For example, if you don’t have cash reserves to cover unexpected expenses, you might have to rely on credit cards. You will end up paying more than the original cost of the emergency if you do not pay off the balance quickly because of the interest on your card charges. Plus, you might not be able to build savings to cover future emergencies if your money is going toward paying off debt.
You can avoid this situation by creating an emergency fund, Cosgriff said. Ideally, you should save enough to cover up to six months of expenses. If necessary, start by setting aside a little each month, then increase the amount when you can. And make sure you have adequate insurance to cover catastrophic events, such as a medical emergency or car accident.
It’s hard to eliminate debt if you’re only paying the minimum you owe. In fact, McClary said it can become unmanageable if your balance continues to grow while you’re paying the minimum amount required.
For example, if you have a $5,000 balance on a card with a 17% rate and make a minimum monthly payment of 3% of your balance, it will take you 189 months — or nearly 14 years — to pay off your debt. Meanwhile, you will pay more than $4,000 in interest, according to Navy Federal Credit Union’s minimum payment calculator.
Simply increasing the amount you pay can make a big difference. For example, you can cut the payoff time and interest in half by boosting your monthly payment to 5% of your balance.
Andy Brantner, a certified financial planner and partner at BKLM Financial Services Consulting, knows financial discipline does not come easy. “It’s hard not to buy a better car or a bigger house when you get a raise,” he said. “But failing to keep your expenses steady when your income goes up creates a vicious cycle.”
It can be especially dangerous if you are still carrying debt from the days when you were earning less, and now are taking on more loans to help pay for that bigger house or a better car. Your debt will balloon, leaving you unable to pay if off despite the bigger paycheck.
To avoid this, identify goals and review your spending to see if it’s in line with your priorities. If it’s not, you will need to create a spending plan that will align your expenditures with your values.
If you get a payday loan to cover an emergency, it doesn’t mean you will be stuck in debt forever. After all, most of these short-term loans typically have to be paid back within 14 days.
But most people who get payday loans use them to cover everyday expenses, according to a report by Pew. And they often take advantage of rollover features that allow them to extend the amount of time they have to pay off the loans. Because the interest rates on these loans are so high — the average annual percentage rate is 391%, according to the Center for Responsible Lending — the debt can mount quickly.
If you roll over a typical payday loan of $325 eight times, you’ll owe $468 in interest and have to repay a total of $793, according to the center. Do that often enough and you will be stuck in debt forever.
Make a plan to quickly pay off any payday loans you might have, even if it means getting a second job. Then take steps to improve your credit so you can qualify for lower-rate conventional loans going forward.
You Don’t Track Your Finances
“If you aren’t paying attention to where your money is going, it’s easy to overspend in certain areas and then not have enough for those unexpected expenses or your regular bills, which puts you in debt and keeps you there,” said Andrea Woroch, consumer and money-saving expert.
“Stay on top of your finances by checking your accounts daily,” Woroch said.
It’s easy to do this from your phone by using your bank and credit card apps, or you can use a tracking app like Mint, which links all your financial accounts in one place.
“When you see how much you’re spending in one area, it’s easier to cut back,” Woroch said. “Remember, you can’t change what you can’t see, so it’s important to actually look at your money regularly to make sure your spending aligns with your budget and goals.”
You Disregard Your Credit Score
“If you don’t have a healthy credit score, your interest rate on your credit cards and/or loans is likely really high,” Woroch said.
The higher the interest rate you have to pay on your debt, the harder it will be to pay it all off.
“Get on track by committing to improve your credit score, which you can do in a few ways,” Woroch said.
These ways include always paying all your bills on time, keeping your credit utilization rate below 30% and using a credit-building loan to boost your score.
“For example, Self is an app that helps you build credit while you save,” Woroch said. “It’s a credit-builder loan, which is an affordable and accessible loan you take out in your name — but you don’t receive the money upfront. Instead, you make payments to yourself over the course of one to two years, and Self reports the payments to all three credit bureaus. In the end, the money you’ve put aside every month unlocks in the form of savings minus fees. It’s a unique product that is an accessible option.”
You’re Not Maximizing Your Earning Potential
“There are only so many ways you can cut back on your day-to-day and monthly spending,” Woroch said. “Sometimes you have to make more money to really get ahead financially and get out of debt.”
That means that if your only source of income is your day job, you probably aren’t doing enough to get yourself out of debt.
“People often limit their ability to make more money because they don’t think outside the box,” Woroch said.
“If you can’t ask for raise or find a better paying job, then take on a side hustle,” Woroch said. “For instance, you can make up to $1,000 a month by simply petsitting in your own home via sites like Rover.com, which makes it super easy to set up a schedule that works best for you. This doesn’t require any special skills or really any time commitment because you can do this from home when you’re already home. Plus, you can double your side income by doing another side hustle at the same time as petsitting, like freelancing via Upwork.”
Student loan debt has reached $1.5 trillion, and payments on more than 9% of this student loan debt are at least 90 days late, according to the Federal Reserve Bank of New York. “So many people right now are burdened with student loan debt,” McClary said.
If your student loan debt is unmanageable, McClary recommends talking to a certified student loan counselor to identify your options, such as income-based repayment or loan consolidation. You can visit studentloanhelp.org to find an NFCC member who will offer student loan counseling at little or no cost.
To avoid racking up student loan debt, McClary recommended that parents and students look for sources of free money for college, such as grants and scholarships. And families should weigh the costs of the schools their child wants to attend against the child’s earning potential after graduation. That will help the family determine whether the child will be able to pay off student loans.
You Allow FOMO To Dictate Your Spending
“One of the biggest things that causes people to overspend and brings them into debt is FOMO — the fear of missing out is a real thing,” said Ande Frazier, CEO of online financial community MyWorth. “It’s easy to get anxious when other people are having fun without you, especially when it’s happening in real-time on social media. This feeling might have you saying ‘yes’ to more dinners, drinks, activities and vacations than you want or can reasonably afford to attend.”
Frazier recommends using cash instead of credit so that you really think about your spending decisions, rather than mindlessly swiping to keep up with the Joneses.
“The tangible nature of cash gives more value to the decision to spend that money, rather than just swiping a credit card, because you can see it and feel it,” she said. “It’s a form of mental accounting.”
You Have Your Financial Priorities Mixed Up
If you’re not allocating your money wisely, it will take you longer to pay off debt than it should.
“The most common mistake when it comes to short-term debt (i.e., credit card debt) is the belief that one needs to save and invest simultaneously,” said Roi Tavor, CEO and co-founder at Nummo, a personal finance management platform.
Any money you are putting toward saving and investing accounts is money you aren’t putting toward paying down debt.
“Before putting money in a savings account that yields 1% or 2%, make sure to pay off credit cards that charge you 10% or more on outstanding amounts,” Tavor said.
You Set Unrealistic Goals for Yourself
If you’ve been in debt for a while, maybe you’re constantly telling yourself that this will be the month you pay off all your debt. But if you have thousands of dollars of debt, this goal likely isn’t realistic.
“Having a plan to pay down debt is a great starting point; however, if you make your goals too lofty, you’ll set yourself up for failure,” said Leslie Tayne, founder and head attorney at debt solutions law firm Tayne Law Group. “In doing so, you’ll likely get discouraged and may even give up, preventing you from reaching your goal of paying off your debt.”
“While you, of course, want to pay down your debt as quickly as possible, keeping your goals reasonable will help keep you motivated and on track to get that debt paid off,” Tayne said.
Start by making it your goal to pay off one credit card or loan at a time. Ideally, start with the card or loan with the highest interest rate, and move down the line in order from highest to lowest interest until they’re all paid off.
You Justify Credit Card Spending Because of the Points You Earn
Many credit cards offer rewards systems that can be beneficial if used correctly.
“Many people charge almost all of their everyday purchases to their credit cards to take advantage of these rewards,” Tayne said. “However, if you’re carrying debt, the interest you’re paying will be negating the value of your points. Keeping the mindset that you’re always working towards the point may also be keeping you in debt if you’re not paying off your balances in full every month.”
“Consider switching your everyday purchases to cash or debit, or ensure that you’re paying off each of your credit card purchases in full while you’re working to pay down your debt,” Tayne said.
You Don’t Differentiate Between ‘Wants’ and ‘Needs’
Sometimes there can be a fine line between “wants” and “needs.” Let’s say your TV breaks and you need a new one. You head to the store and see a brand new 65-inch TV and decide that’s the one that you “need.”
“Sure it’d be nice to have in your living room, but do you need a $2,000 item for entertainment? Especially if you are going into debt for it and it’s going to cost $3,000 with interest by the time it’s paid off?” said Brandon Neth, credit card and award travel expert at FinanceBuzz.
“When you’re at Best Buy, you may be able to tell the difference between a 55- and a 65-inch screen mounted right next to one another, but once you’re home, you realize you’ll likely be fine with a smaller TV,” he continued.
Set a budget for yourself before you walk into a store, and consider buying items that aren’t name-brand.
“As a former Magnolia/Best Buy employee here’s a friendly piece of advice: Many of the non-brand-name TVs use the same panels and technology as the big brand TVs,” Neth said. “Often they’re just calibrated differently out of the box. They can be adjusted to create almost the exact same picture in many cases. Save the money, invest it and build wealth — not debt.”
You Go Overboard During the Holidays
Nearly half of those surveyed in 2019 by Discover said they plan to rely on credit to pay for most of their holiday spending. That can lead to starting off the new year in debt. If you don’t pay it off quickly and turn to credit again every holiday season, your debt will mount.
“It’s really important at this time of year for people who might have a weakness to find support,” McClary said. Find a credit counselor through NFCC.org or look for a workshop to get support for building a habit of saving rather than spending, he said.
McClary also recommended avoiding spending time around others who have a tendency to overspend and “getting in situations where you’ll be melting the plastic at the register. Lock up the credit cards this time of year.”
Your Focus Is On the Short Term Rather Than the Long Term
“People don’t think long-term,” Neth said. “They are too focused on the now and looking for instant gratification.”
He gives the example of regularly charging coffee to your credit card — even if it only costs $5.
“If you’re doing that twice a week, that $10 adds up quickly,” Neth said. “Even worse, if you’re putting this on a credit card that you’re not paying off in full each month, paying interest on your two cups of coffee may raise the cost to over $20. Although it’s convenient and tastes good, remember how much further your money can go.”
A change in your spending mindset can help you break this debt-causing behavior.
“The one thing we don’t get more of in life is time, so look at your expenses as time,” Neth said. “How much are you actually making an hour once you deduct taxes, expenses and other related costs? A $15-an-hour job is probably closer to $9. Stop and think, is two cups of coffee worth an hour of my time?”
This is an especially important mental exercise for larger purchases.
“How many extra years must you work to pay off that car or TV? These numbers just get higher as you account for accruing interest,” Neth continued. “Don’t stall your financial future by making impulse decisions today. Set goals for the future and remind yourself of them daily. It takes hard work to get out of debt and stay out of it, but when you do, you take back control of your life.”
Rent-to-own store RTBShopper has partnered with financial service provider Acima Credit so their customers can have access to additional leasing finance option while purchasing goods
Winter Garden, FL – RTBShopper is proud to announce its partnership with Acima Credit, a reputable company that offers financial and leasing solutions for shoppers. Acima employs proprietary technology to help consumers find the merchandise they’re looking for, acquire the item, and get immediate approval. Customers get a tailored payment schedule that is flexible, convenient, and affordable.
The partnership means that RTBShopper.com is now an online store that accepts Acima Credit. It’s a massive development that gives customers additional access to simple lease-to-own financial solutions.
“We’re excited about our partnership with Acima because we know they’ll provide our customers with the best options when purchasing electronics, furniture, and appliances through rent to own payment plans,” said Tony C, Chief Operating Officer at RTBShopper.com.” “Acima Credit specializes in affordable financial solutions for lower-income consumers, and this agreement will help us to provide flexible payment plans from a company everyone knows and can trust.”
RTBShopper is an online store offering rent to own opportunities for shoppers, even those with bad credit. The company’s philosophy is that no one should be judge by their credit history. That’s why they don’t require credit score when shopping. To shop on site, the customer must be 18 years or older. They will also have to provide social security number or individual taxpayer identification number, debit or credit card, checking account, and government-issued photo ID.
Customers can shop thousands of products in different categories, including computers, TV, cameras, furniture, home appliances, toys, cell phones, smartwatches, electronics, etc. Add the merchandise to the shopping cart, checkout, fill out the no-obligation lease form, pay the initial deposit, and get the item. Customers get an email when the item is ready for pick up or shipping.
RTBShopper.com help consumers get approved for up to $5000 worth of brand name electronics. They serve low-income consumers who can’t afford to pay one-time for these items, allowing for monthly or weekly payment plans.
As a store that accepts Acima, they hope to make shopping more fun and exciting for customers. The application of Acima’s technology and versatility combined with their customer service and the vast collection of products offers an innovative approach for product financing.
RTBShopper.com is an online store offering consumers rent to buy opportunity without considering their credit. They have a huge collection of brand name products in their store arranged in categories. The store offers competitive monthly payment plans and free shipping on all orders.
Acima provides instant credit and financing for people looking to buy products on lease. Using machine learning technology, they empower merchants and consumers with point-of-sale leasing solution with no credit needed. They have a partnership with many stores and merchants, helping them grow their business using modern technology.
Buying a home is a huge investment for first time home buyers – and their inexperience means that they often have a lot of questions.
The good news is you don’t need to do something heroic to get buyers to trust you. You just need to be ready to address their concerns and answer their questions. So below, we answer seven questions first time home buyers may ask their mortgage brokers.
The first thing you should do is understand the reason why the buyer is thinking of buying a house. Are they buying to build their asset portfolio? Or are they looking for a place to live and settle down in?
If they’re buying a house to build wealth, then yes it’ll be worth it – though you have to be clear that they shouldn’t expect their investment to see immediate growth.
If they’re looking to buy a primary residence, then it depends – after all, the process of buying their dream home could potentially stretch their funds a bit. In that case, you can steer them towards considering a more affordable starter home that they can trade up in the future.
Get to know their reasons first so you can answer honestly and professionally.
2. “I’ve owned a house before. Am I still considered a first-time home buyer?”
The US Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) defines a first time home buyer as:
an individual or person who hasn’t owned or bought a principal residence in the last three years;
a single parent who previously owned a house while still married to their former spouse;
a displaced homemaker (such as a stay-at-home spouse) who owned property with their former spouse;
an individual or person who owned a principal residence or property that wasn’t affixed to a permanent place or foundation in accordance with applicable regulations (such as a mobile home); and
an individual or person who owned a property that was not in compliance with local, state, or model building codes, and whose property can’t be brought into said compliance for less than the cost of building a permanent structure.
As you can see, the term has a bit more leeway than its name suggests. For example, if the buyer has owned a property or house within the last three years but their spouse hasn’t, then both of them can still buy a house as first time home buyers.
3. “I have a 401(k). Can I use it to buy property?”
The short answer is yes – but should you? That’s the real question.
A buyer can tap into their 401(k) if they’re short of the funds they need. They can do it two ways – either as a straight withdrawal or as a loan.
However, a buyer can only withdraw from their 401(k) after turning 59 and a half years old (or 55 years old if they lost their job or have retired). Younger buyers can still withdraw their funds, but they’ll have to pay an early withdrawal penalty of 10% of the amount they take out. They’ll also owe income tax on the funds they take out, regardless of their age.
Meanwhile, if a buyer opts to borrow from his or her 401(k), then they’ll have to pay it back – with interest. And the repayments won’t count as contributions, meaning no reduction on their incomes.
So, to put it simply, yes they can use their 401(k). But the trade-off isn’t ideal, so it might be better to look for other options.
4. “I have no cash so can I put $0 for down payment?”
Yes, but there could be some work involved.
A first time home buyer can only put $0 down payment if another entity foots the bill. In this case, it’s the federal government through what’s called a government-backed mortgage.
Three US federal agencies can give mortgage assistance to first time home buyers: the Department of Veteran Affairs (VA), the US Department of Agriculture (USDA), and the Federal Housing Administration (FHA). These agencies will insure all loans given, so lenders are protected in case the borrower can’t pay their debts.
However, you may still have to check if a lender accepts USDA loans. Quicken Loans, for instance, stopped accepting applications since July 2020.
5. “Am I qualified for the $15,000 tax credit?”
The bill hasn’t passed yet, but if it becomes law, the First-Time Homebuyer Act will require participants to be:
a first-time homebuyer, with the same conditions mentioned above; and
an individual who doesn’t earn more than 160% of the median income in their area.
Additionally, the price of the house they purchase must not be more than 110% of the median price in their area. The house should also have been purchased after Dec. 31, 2020.
6. “I don’t have a good credit score. Can I still buy a home with bad credit?”
The short answer is yes, you can still buy a home with bad credit.
Lenders often don’t have a minimum credit score requirement because no two credit scores are the same. A buyer might have a credit score of 400 – a poor score according to the main credit bureaus – but the circumstance behind that score is different from what another borrower with the same score has gone through.
Additionally, lenders often take other things into consideration in their decisions – such as the amount of debt accrued, income, debts in collections, and the size of the down payment.
Different lenders have other requirements but having plenty of cash available for down payment is always a plus. The buyer can always repair their credit and refinance down the road.
7. “I’ve heard 2021 is a bad time to buy a house. Should I go for it or just wait?”
Again, it’s best to assess the buyer’s needs and know the reason why they’re looking into buying a home.
They might be thinking of purchasing because the mortgage rates are so low. But you must remind them that the cost of buying a house goes beyond the purchase price. They also need to consider property taxes, insurance, and upkeep costs. Maintaining a house isn’t cheap and so many new homebuyers fail to realize that.
On the other hand, mortgage rates will likely rise once the pandemic eases up. So, if the buyer is looking into buying a house to cater a growing family, they might have to seriously consider buying regardless of market conditions.
The key is knowing your client’s priorities and going from there.
A first time home buyer is eager, but undoubtedly full of questions. They will be leaning on your advice for their final decision. Getting to know them, building a strong rapport, and answering clearly, honestly, and professionally will instill the trust that will help build lasting bridges for years to come.