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Credit Building for Beginners | Auto Credit Express

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There are many things that impact a credit score, but there are a few small things you can do to build your credit up – even if you’re a beginner! We’re exploring what makes up your credit score, and some easy tips in the world of credit.

What Is Credit Anyway?

Credit Building for BeginnersWhen someone says “credit,” it could mean a number of things. In the context of your credit score, it means the three-digit number that’s generated based on the information in your credit reports.

Your credit score serves as a quick summary of your history of repaying borrowed money (which is also called credit). Lenders look up your credit score as a way to evaluate your ability to take on new credit (a new loan or line of credit).

Quick reference guide:

  • Credit score ­– Three-digit number that ranges from 300 to 850; generated based on the information in your credit reports.
  • Credit report – Detailed report that has your personal information as well as information about your current and past credit accounts.
  • Credit ­– Borrowed money that you use to pay for goods and services.

What’s in My Credit Reports?

There are a lot of things in a credit report. It’s a detailed report of your credit accounts, but it also contains personal information like your current and previous addresses, work history, and Social Security number.

Most people have multiple credit reports, usually one from each of the three major credit reporting agencies: Experian, TransUnion, and Equifax. Each may contain different information, so they all could generate different credit scores.

If you want to see what’s actually in your credit reports, visit www.annualcreditreport.com. After filling out some basic info, you can view your credit reports at no cost, and your credit score doesn’t drop by reviewing your own reports.

Additionally, due to COVID-19, you can request your credit reports for free once a week, until April 2021. Pre-pandemic, you could only get a free credit report from each agency once every 12 months. Since you can keep track of it in nearly live time, now is the time to monitor your credit reports.

What’s in My Credit Score?

While there are a few credit scoring models out there, the most commonly used one is the FICO scoring model. It’s been around since the ‘80s, so most lenders reference it.

The FICO credit scoring model contains five main categories:

  • Payment history (35%) – How well you are handling and have handled repaying credit.
  • Amounts owed (30%) – The total amount of credit you’re borrowing.
  • Length of credit history (15%) – How long you’ve had credit.
  • Credit mix (10%) – How many different kinds of credit you have.
  • New credit (10%) – Keeps track of the times you’ve applied for new credit.

Each of these categories is important, but payment history is the big one. Since your credit score is meant to serve as a way to let lenders see if you’re a good borrower, lenders are most concerned with whether or not you pay your bills on time.

Quick Tips for Credit Building

One of the best things you do to maintain a good credit score is simply paying all your bills and loan payments on time. Just because a bill or loan payment doesn’t show your on-time payments doesn’t mean that your late payments won’t pop up (and late payments can stick around for up to seven years). If you want a bill to appear on your credit reports, like rent or a utility bill, to contribute to your payment history, check out our trusted partner for their credit boosting services.

Aside from your payment history, here are some quick tips to help you build up your credit that consider the other four factors of your credit score:

  • Don’t rely on credit too much if you can help it. Your amounts owed keeps track of how much you’re borrowing in total. Having a lot of loans with large balances or high credit card balances lowers your credit score, and lenders could think you’re overextended.
  • Keep your credit card balances below 30%, since this affects your credit utilization ratio, which compares how much you’re allowed to borrow to how much you owe. Maxed out credit cards lower your credit score, and also can tell lenders that you may be relying on credit too much.
  • Don’t close old, unused credit cards. Closing a line of credit ends the “age” of an account, and lowers the total amount you’re allowed to borrow, which also plays into your credit utilization – and it could also hurt your credit mix!
  • Shop for new credit within two weeks. Hard inquiries can lower your credit score, but if you apply for the same type of credit within two weeks, the credit scoring models understand that you’re looking for the best rates. In this scenario, only one hard inquiry is reflected instead of multiple, so plan ahead before you apply!
  • Don’t apply for new credit unless you need it. Attempting to open up multiple lines of credit in a short time, in an attempt to help improve your credit mix, can actually lower your score. Again, this tells lenders that you rely on too much credit, and that it may be an indicator of a borrower that’s financially strained.

Start Your Credit Off With a Car Loan

Many borrowers start their credit history off with a car loan or a credit card. But, some credit cards can be harder to apply for than others, and a lot of auto lenders can be hesitant to approve a borrower without a long-standing credit history.

Enter subprime lenders: these lenders are signed up to work with dealerships that have special finance departments. They assist borrowers in all types of credit situations, such as bad credit and no credit. If you’re a new borrower, you’re likely to find that your credit score is somewhere in the mid-to-low range, aka subprime. If you’re ready to take on some credit and get into your next vehicle, get with us at Auto Credit Express.

We have a nationwide network of dealers, and we can look for a dealership in your area that has the lending options you need. Fill out our free car loan request form to get started right now.

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What Is A Thin Credit File?

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The size of your credit file is important when it comes to applying for any type of loan. A credit file shows you have a proven track record of repayment and can be trusted with a line of credit. If you’ve recently been told you have a thin credit file, you can take steps to build it. Let’s explore what a thin credit file is and how to improve it.

Definition of Thin Credit File

A thin credit file is one with a limited number of credit accounts. For instance, if the only line of credit you’ve ever had is one car loan, that would be considered a thin credit file. Most lenders consider a portfolio of four or less accounts to be ‘thin.’

If you have no credit history at all, you are considered ‘credit invisible.’ This means that you have nothing positive or negative on your credit report. Invisible credit is still considered a thin credit file.

Common Reasons for Having a Thin Credit File

Young adults typically have thin credit files because they have not yet had time to build credit. Some parents have begun adding their teenagers as authorized users to their credit accounts to help build their children’s credit files before they turn 18. This gives teens an opportunity to start adulthood with a positive credit score, especially when coupled with proper financial education. As many as 17% of preteens in America are authorized users on their parents’ credit card accounts.

Being young isn’t the only reason one may have a thin credit file. If you’ve had little need or desire for a line of credit, you may not have any accounts on your credit history. If most of your credit is from several years ago, you may have a thin credit file now. Accounts fall off your credit reports after seven years. That means someone with a formerly ‘fat’ credit file could have a thin file after years of inactivity.

Immigrants may also have a thin credit file when coming to the United States, even if their credit was strong in their home country. This is because the U.S. measures credit differently than other countries, and the data is not usually transferable. American Express
AXP
recently collaborated with Nova Credit to alleviate this issue. American Express can access credit reports from select countries and create a U.S.-equivalent credit score. This information is used to approve credit card applications from international applicants.

The Downside of Having a Thin Credit File

Having a thin credit file may make it difficult to receive credit in the future. A home loan, credit card, personal loan, or other form of borrowing may be denied due to a lack of credit history. You may not need a line of credit now, but what about five years from now? It can take years to build a solid credit portfolio. If you take those steps now, you may have credit available when you need it most.

Is Thin Credit Bad Credit?

It’s important to distinguish between thin credit and bad credit. Bad credit refers to a delinquency in payments or other negative mark on a person’s credit report. Thin credit is a lack of credit accounts, whether the payments made were on-time or otherwise. A person can have good credit or bad credit with a thin credit file. A person with bad credit may have a robust credit file. The two terms do not always go hand-in-hand.

How to Build Your Credit Portfolio

Want to make your thin credit file a little fatter? Here are some steps that may help:

  • Start with a small line of credit. This could be something like a secured credit card, an entry-level credit card, a student credit card or a small personal loan. Approximately 38% of consumers use credit cards to become credit visible. Make sure the line of credit will report to all three credit bureaus, and make your payments on time each month.
  • If you already have a credit card, use it! Put all your daily purchases on the credit card, and pay off the entire balance at the end of the month. This will show consistent credit history, and could lead to a larger credit limit in the future.
  • Diversify your credit portfolio. If you have a car loan and nothing else, apply for a low interest credit card. The goal is to make your credit history diverse so lenders can see your true credit worthiness.
  • Avoid applying for everything at once. You want a diverse credit file, but you don’t want to look desperate. Once you establish a new line of credit, wait about six months before applying for a new one. Building credit takes time.
  • Get help from someone with good credit. You could do this by becoming an authorized user on their credit account or by having them co-sign on a line of credit with you. Keep in mind that missing a payment or racking up an unexpected bill will negatively impact both their credit and yours. Only agree to this if you can commit to the payments.
  • Check your credit reports for existing accounts. If you have old debts or anything in collections, pay them off to revitalize your credit. This creates a solid foundation for a portfolio of positive accounts.

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Citi Secured Mastercard Review | NextAdvisor with TIME

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We want to help you make more informed decisions. Some links on this page — clearly marked — may take you to a partner website and may result in us earning a referral commission. For more information, see How We Make Money.

Citi® Secured Mastercard®

Citi® Secured Mastercard®

  • Intro bonus: No current offer
  • Annual fee: $0
  • Regular APR: 22.49% (Variable)
  • Recommended credit score: (No Credit History)

The Citi Secured Mastercard is a good starter card option for consumers with no credit history. You can use this secured credit card — which Citi reports to each of the three credit bureaus — to improve your credit score while making timely payments and practicing other credit-building habits like keeping a low credit utilization rate and paying balances in full each month. To get started, you’ll need to put down a cash deposit of at least $200 after approval. The amount you chose to deposit will serve as your new card’s credit limit.

At a Glance

  • Establish credit use and payment record with limited or no credit history 
  • No annual fee
  • Security deposit between $200 and $2,500 required
  • Standard variable APR of 22.49%

Pros

  • Available to individuals with little or no credit history

  • No annual fee

  • Payment reported to all three credit bureaus

Cons

  • High penalty and cash advance fees

  • High variable APR

  • No rewards

Additional Card Details

The Citi Secured Mastercard is a secured credit card that comes with fewer benefits than other conventional cards. Secured credit cards are primarily credit-building tools for people with limited or negative credit histories, so they’re more useful for building good habits than reaping benefits and rewards. But you will get the chance to pick your own credit card due date and online access to your FICO credit score to help monitor your progress over time.

Another Citi feature is account alerts, which you can set up to notify you when a purchase is made using your Citi Secured Mastercard, when payment is due, and more. Plus, you’ll get access to Citi Identity Theft Solutions, which can help resolve issues like a stolen card or  compromised personal information so it doesn’t negatively affect your credit. 

Should You Get this Card?

The Citi Secured Mastercard is a solid credit-building option for anyone with limited or no credit history. It’s also a good option for repairing damaged credit, but you may have more difficulty qualifying with a bad credit history than those starting from scratch. Citi specifies that applicants must meet certain credit qualification criteria, including no pending bankruptcies or bankruptcy within the past two years and review of the information you submit when applying.

Since it’s a secured credit card, you will be required to make a security deposit between $200 and $2,500 (this amount acts as your credit limit), but unlike some credit-building cards, there’s no annual fee. 

Secured credit cards can be a useful tool, offering the chance to build credit and improve your creditworthiness over time. And when your secured credit card is closed in good standing or you upgrade to an unsecured card, you’ll receive your security deposit back.

How to Use the Citi Secured Mastercard

When you sign up for the Citi Secured Mastercard, you’ll be asked to put down a cash deposit of at least $200 (you must provide your bank information for this deposit within 14 days of approval). This amount will also be your credit limit. If you put down $200 in cash, you’ll have a $200 credit limit, while a $600 deposit equals a $600 credit limit, and so on.

It’s important to choose your deposit amount wisely, because your credit limit can impact your credit utilization, one of the main factors in your credit score. If you only put down a $200 deposit, and you spend up to that limit each month, you’ll carry an extremely high utilization rate, which can hold down your credit score. Experts recommend keeping a utilization rate under 30%, and ideally under 10%, for the best credit results. In other words, keep your total charges under 30% of your available credit. Put another way, if you can put down a $1,000 security deposit, you’ll be able to spend $300 on your card each month and maintain a good utilization rate.

Once your new account is set up, begin using your Citi Secured Mastercard like a debit card. Only charge purchases you can afford to pay off each month, and make sure you always pay your bill in full and on time. This will help boost your credit score each time Citi reports your activity to each of the three credit bureaus (Experian, Equifax, and TransUnion). 

Pro Tip

Secured credit cards are great tools for building credit with no credit history or repairing a damaged credit score. With any credit card (including secured cards) remember to practice smart credit habits that can benefit your credit score over time, like paying your balance in full and on time each month and spending only what you can afford to pay when your statement is due.

You should also avoid any of the high fees that come with this card. If you pay late, for example, you’ll incur a fee up to $40 and may even take on a penalty APR up to 29.99% (compared to the already high 22.49% regular APR). 

If you’re worried you’ll forget about your payment due dates, you can use Citi’s free account alerts to get updates when you make a purchase, when you’re close to your credit limit, and when you need to make a payment.

Citi Secured Mastercard Compared to Other Cards

Citi® Secured Mastercard®

Citi® Secured Mastercard®

  • Intro bonus:

    No current offer

  • Annual fee:

    $0

  • Regular APR:

    22.49% (Variable)

  • Recommended credit:

    (No Credit History)

  • Learn moreexterna link icon at our partner’s secure site
Capital One QuicksilverOne Cash Rewards Credit Card

Capital One QuicksilverOne Cash Rewards Credit Card

  • Intro bonus:

    No current offer

  • Annual fee:

    $39

  • Regular APR:

    26.99% (Variable)

  • Recommended credit:

    (No Credit History)

  • Learn moreexterna link icon at our partner’s secure site
BankAmericard® Secured Credit Card

BankAmericard® Secured Credit Card

  • Intro bonus:

    No current offer

  • Annual fee:

    None

  • Regular APR:

    22.99% Variable

  • Recommended credit:

    (No Credit History)

  • Learn moreexterna link icon at our partner’s secure site

Bottom Line

EDITORIAL INDEPENDENCE

As with all of our credit card reviews, our analysis is not influenced by any partnerships or advertising relationships.

A secured credit card could be the tool you need to jumpstart your credit journey. With no annual fee and a minimum deposit amount starting at just $200, Citi Secured Mastercard is a solid option to consider. Over time, the Citi Secured Mastercard can help you increase your credit score and build valuable credit history. With enough time and solid credit habits under your belt, you can upgrade or switch to an unsecured credit card with high-value rewards and perks in the future.

Frequently Asked Questions

Citi Secured Mastercard is a good credit-building option for consumers with limited credit history. There are no rewards or added benefits, but this card can help you establish a solid credit foundation for no annual fee.

If you are able to prove your creditworthiness and your credit score by establishing a history of timely payments in full, you may be able to upgrade your Citi Secured Mastercard to an unsecured Citi credit card. Once you’ve established a solid credit history, you may also qualify for great credit cards from any issuer offering perks and benefits that match your spending.

You may be able to increase the limit in your secured credit card by putting down a larger deposit as collateral. Call Citi using the number on the back of your credit card to see if you’re eligible.

*All information about the Citi Secured Mastercard has been collected independently by NextAdvisor and has not been reviewed by the issuer.

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The Benefits of Buying a New Car With Bad Credit

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If you have bad credit, it can be difficult to qualify for an auto loan on a new vehicle. It’s not impossible, though, and there are even some benefits to buying a new car in the long run. But, if you have your sights set on a brand new set of wheels, there are a few things you should keep in mind.

Are There Benefits to Brand New Cars?

Getting a new car can be exciting! They typically come with all the bells and whistles: latest colors, styles, and trim levels, infotainment systems, and technology. Brand new vehicles may also come equipped with more standard options than their used predecessors did – in comfort, convenience, and safety.

There are benefits to buying a new car if you can afford it, even with bad credit. Mostly the benefit comes in the form of standard safety features, and overall vehicle performance. In many cases, new cars have less risk for major damage from wear and tear and may go a long time without costly repairs.

But all these benefits come at a price.

Many times, those prices can be tough to swallow if you’re a borrower with bad credit. Not only is it harder to get approved for financing with a lower credit score, but it can also be more difficult to find a lender willing to give you a large loan. With the prices of vehicles these days, it may take a little legwork, and a large down payment to get into the new car you want with bad credit.

New Cars and Poor Credit

The average price of a brand new vehicle rose to over $36,000 in 2020, and it’s the second-largest expense for most Americans behind a home. Since many can’t typically shell out that much cash at once, most people turn to auto financing.

If you have good credit you’re more likely to qualify for preapproval from a direct lender such as a bank or credit union. You may also have an easier time getting a loan with a captive lender through an automaker.

With a lower credit score, it can still be a good idea to try for preapproval, and this may be less difficult if you’re a member of a credit union. They tend to offer lower interest rates and special deals to their members. If you don’t belong to a credit union or aren’t able to qualify for preapproval due to your credit score, you’re not out of luck.

If you don’t qualify for preapproval, and can’t afford to buy a car with cash, bad credit borrowers are left to finance through a subprime lender or with an in-house financier. And, this makes it harder to finance a new car. In fact, in-house financing only deals with used vehicles.

Finding a Middle Ground Between New and Used

When you need to get a bad credit auto loan, there’s still a chance that you can get a new car, but there’s a better chance of qualifying for a gently-used car, instead of a brand new car. A good compromise can be a certified pre-owned (CPO) vehicle. CPO cars are typically only a few years old, have likely only had one owner, or may have just come off lease.

The Benefits of Buying a New Car With Bad CreditThese vehicles can offer you the peace of mind of a new car, including a manufacturer-backed warranty, but without the high price tag found on brand new vehicles. They also tend to have fewer miles and more new safety and technology features than a used car that’s sold as-is.

Vehicles that are sold as-is typically go straight from the previous owner to a dealer’s lot with little more done than a spit and shine to make it ready for sale. A CPO car, on the other hand, is given a rigorous multi-point inspection and refurbished by a manufacturer-certified technician.

The good news is that a CPO can be easier to qualify for with a poor credit score than a brand new car, even if you’re working with a subprime lender.

Getting a Car Loan With Bad Credit

To give yourself the most car loan opportunity, it’s a good idea to stick with financing through a subprime lender that’s ready to work with bad credit borrowers. Not all lenders can finance a bad credit auto loan, but we know where to find the ones that can.

At Auto Credit Express, we’ve cultivated a coast-to-coast network of special finance dealerships that are signed up with the lenders you’re looking for. With our assistance, you can be on the path to your next auto loan without the hassle of searching for a lender on your own. There’s never any obligation to buy, and our auto loan request form is fast and free to fill out. Stop waiting to get the bad credit car loan you need – get started right now!

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