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3 Biggest Downsides of Bad Credit

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Ideally, all of the decisions we make in life involve consideration of both the pros and the cons of the possible outcomes. For example, the decision to eat a piece of chicken past its expiration date should be based not just on the potential for a tasty dinner, but also the potential for a less-than-pleasant gastro-intestinal reaction.

In other words, most things in life have both upsides and downsides, and our actions should be — though aren’t always — predicated on whether the upsides outweigh the downsides. While many bad decisions can occur as a result of a failure to consider the downsides, just as many poor choices are the result of the failure to understand the downsides, rather than not considering them at all.

Most people know that irresponsible financial behaviors can give you a bad credit score, for instance, but many folks tend to underestimate the many downsides of having bad credit. To help put things in perspective for your next financial decision, here are three of the biggest downsides to having bad credit.

1. You Have a High Chance of Being Rejected for New Credit

At its heart, having bad credit is basically like walking around wearing a sign that says, “I can’t handle debt.” At least, that’s how most creditors are going to interpret your poor credit history and low credit score when you come asking for a line of credit.

That’s because lenders use your credit reports and scores as a means of determining your credit risk, or how likely you are to repay what you borrow. So, if you have a history of missing payments or defaulting on debt, lenders aren’t going to want to give you more money, and they will reject your application for new credit.

Think of it this way: If you loan your neighbor your lawnmower in June but they never return it, how likely are you to lend them your snowblower in December?

Since most major banks have a fairly low risk tolerance, bad-credit consumers are left with limited options for finding a credit card or loan. Namely, you’ll be looking at lists of subprime lenders who specialize in bad-credit, high-risk applicants — lenders who aren’t exactly known for their affordability or top-tier rewards. Which leads us to the next big downside to bad credit: the expense.

2. Creditors, Landlords, and Utility Companies Will Charge You More

It took a few tries, but you finally found a subprime lender that will work with you. Great, hard part over, right? Wrong. Lest you think that qualifying for new credit is the only big downside to having bad credit, just take a look at how much that credit is going to cost you.

As we mentioned, your credit score is what lenders use to determine your credit risk. High-risk applicants are the most likely to default on their debt (not pay it), so lenders willing to work with bad-credit consumers have to find some way to balance the risk. They do this by jacking up interest rates and adding on extra fees.

As an example, consider a $10,000 car loan repaid over three years. Applicant A, who has a great credit score of 750, will likely be offered an APR of around 3.5%, which means Applicant A will pay around $550 in interest over the three years.

At the same time, Applicant B, who has a low credit score of 580, had to use a subprime lender to get the same size auto loan. The subprime lender charged Applicant B an APR of 10%, which means Applicant B will pay over $1,600 in interest over three years.

What’s worse, it’s not just lenders and credit card issuers that will charge you more for having bad credit. You’ll likely face a credit check when applying for a new apartment or when you set up utilities in a new location, and having bad credit can result in being charged a larger security deposit than you would otherwise need to provide.

3. You May Miss Out on Valuable Financial Opportunities

An important part of finance and accounting, opportunity cost is basically the consideration of what you’re missing out on when you make a decision to do something else. For example, if you choose to spend your last $5 on a fancy coffee, the opportunity cost could be that $5 hamburger you don’t get to eat later.

When it comes to your credit, having bad credit is rife with opportunity cost. Take credit cards, for instance. With bad credit, you’re stuck using subprime or secured credit cards that likely cost a lot without offering very much. In contrast, if you had good credit, you could potentially earn hundreds of dollars worth of credit card rewards and perks every year simply by using the right credit card.

And it goes beyond credit cards. Drivers with good credit can get dealer incentives when shopping for a new car, and you can even earn insurance discounts for having a healthy credit profile.

Don’t forget the extra cash you’ll likely be required to provide when renting a new apartment. Say you’re required to make a $1,000 security deposit when you move in because of your bad credit. That money could easily be earning you dividends in your retirement account if it weren’t being wasted in your landlord’s bank account.

Don’t Let Bad Credit Hold You Back

Although it’s our own decisions that often lead us to bad credit, few of us actively choose to tank our credit scores. You can wind up with bad credit as a result of a series of seemingly minor decisions that are made without full consideration of the consequences. Hopefully, however, knowing these three major downsides of bad credit helps give you perspective when making your next financial decision, be it large or small.

For consumers already struggling with bad credit, these downsides are likely daily considerations. But they don’t have to be lifelong obstacles. You can rebuild bad credit over time by practicing responsible credit habits. You can also use credit repair to remove any errors or unsubstantiated accounts dragging down your score.

The most important rule for building credit is to always, always, always pay your bills on time. Your payment history is worth up to 35% of your credit score, and delinquent payments can cause you to lose dozens of points with a single mistake. You’ll also want to ensure you maintain low credit card balances and only borrow what you can afford to repay as agreed.

With time and diligence, even the worst credit can be rebuilt, freeing you from the many downsides of having bad credit. Even better, having great credit has plentiful upsides that will make the hard work well worth the effort.

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Credit Score

Does Leasing a Car Help Your Credit? Learn More About it Here

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A car lease gives you an opportunity to rent a car of your choice for an agreed period. Just like loan repayment, leasing a car requires you to pay monthly installments and is, therefore, a major contributor to your credit history.

So, does leasing a car help build your credit score? The short answer is that, if you make all your payments on time, an auto lease can improve your credit score. Here’s what you need to know about car leases and credit scores:

How Leasing a Car will Help you Build Your Credit Score

Leasing a car to improve creditWhile it is not a requirement, most legit car lenders, and dealers, report your payment activity to the three major credit bureaus: Experian, Equifax, and Transunion.

Once your payments are reported, they become part of your payment history which influences 35% of your credit score.

Below, here are some highlights of what you can do to improve your score during the term of your car lease.

Late or defaulted payments reflect negatively on your credit history. This consequently lowers your credit score. To ensure that you can make your payments every month and do it on time, settle for an affordable monthly payment spread out over a longer period as opposed to higher payments over a shorter period.

  • Check out your Credit Reports Regularly

To understand your current credit health, check your credit reports regularly. By so doing you will be keeping tabs on your debts and any errors that prospective lenders might see on your report.

More importantly, getting the report is the first step towards disputing errors on your lease terms. In such cases, you can raise a dispute with the company responsible for the inaccuracy in time to ensure that your score is not affected negatively.

Besides your car lease, having varying lines of credit reflects on your ability to manage multiple lines of credit. And although a credit mix accounts for only 10% of your score, it can provide a much-needed boost to your score.

With that in mind, it’s worth noting that a car lease is classified as an installment account. This makes a lease different from revolving accounts such as credit and gas station cards.

  • Minimize Credit Card balances

Boosting your score with a car lease would not make sense if you hurt it in other ways. Credit card utilization ratio, or the percentage of the money you are using out of the credit you have available, accounts for 30% of your score.

It is calculated for each of your credit cards and also across all of them. Even as you go for a credit mix, it is paramount to keep your credit utilization ratio at 30% or below.

Keeping old lease accounts open will help your score by increasing the age of your credit, also known as credit history. This accounts for about 10% of your credit score.

Can you Lease a Car with Bad Credit?

Despite the fact that leasing companies mostly consider consumers with good credit, you could improve your odds of getting approved for a lease and get an opportunity to start rebuilding your score. Here’s how:

Make a Down Payment

Making a huge down payment not only shows your commitment to the leasing agreement but it also helps to reduce the overall amount of the lease. This also means lower monthly payments.

Consider a Cosigner

If you are not financially stable, consider asking someone with a positive credit history to co-sign the lease with you. Since both of you share responsibility for the account, it affects both of your credit reports. Good payment history will, therefore, help rebuild your score.

Improve your Debt to Income Ratio

Debt-to-income-ratio is the comparison of how much you owe against how much you earn. A high DTI ratio indicates that you have trouble meeting your debt obligations.

So, before you attempt to get a car lease with bad credit, reduce your DTI. Among the measures, you can employ include getting a second job or clearing credit card debts.

Conclusion

It is apparent that leasing a car can help build your credit score. However, this works hand in hand with your other lines of credit as they together make up your credit report. As such, put all your financial obligations into consideration before you sign a car lease to avoid causing more harm to your score.

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Developing an Action Plan to Boost Your Credit

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A quick action plan to boost your credit score

Once you have your credit report and your credit score, you will be able to tell where you stand and where many of your problems lie.  If you have a poor score, try to see in your credit report what could be causing the problem:

  • Do you have too much debt?
  • Too many unpaid bills?
  • Have you recently faced a major financial upset such as bankruptcy?
  • Have you simply not had credit long enough to establish good credit?
  • Have you defaulted on a loan, failed to pay taxes, or recently been reported to a collection agency?

The problems that contribute to your credit problems should dictate how you decide to boost your credit score.  As you read through this ebook, highlight or jot down those tips that apply to you and from them develop a checklist of things you can do that would help your credit situation improve.

When you seek professional credit counseling or credit help, counselors will generally work with you to help you develop a personalized strategy that expressly addresses your credit problems and financial history.  Now, with this ebook, you can develop a similar strategy on your own – in your own time and at your own cost.

When developing your action plan, know where most of your credit score is coming from:

credit score1.Your credit history (accounts for more than a third of your credit score in some cases).

Whether or not you have been a good credit risk in the past is considered the best indicator of how you will react to debt in the future.  For this reason, late payment, loan defaults, unpaid taxes, bankruptcies, and other unmet debt responsibilities will count against you the most.  You can’t do much about your financial past now, but starting to pay your bills on time – starting today – can help boost your credit score in the future.

2.Your current debts (accounts for approximately a third of your credit score in some cases).  If you have lots of current debt, it may indicate that you are stretching yourself financially thin and so will have trouble paying back debts in the future.  If you have a lot of money owing right now – and especially if you have borrowed a great deal recently – this fact will bring down your credit score.  You can boost your credit score by paying down your debts as far as you can.

3.How long you have had credit (accounts for up to 15% of your credit score in some cases).  If you have not had credit accounts for very long, you may not have enough of a history to let lenders know whether you make a good credit risk.  Not having had credit for a long time can affect your credit score.  You can counter this by keeping your accounts open rather than closing them off as you pay them off.

4.The types of credit you have (accounts for about one-tenth of your credit score, in most cases).  Lenders like to see a mix of financial responsibilities that you handle well. Having bills that you pay as well as one or two types of loans can actually improve your credit score.  Having at least one credit card that you manage well can also help your credit score.

As you can see, it is possible to only estimate how much a specific area of your credit report affects your credit score.  Nevertheless, keeping these five areas in mind and making sure that each is addressed in your personalized plan will go a long way in making sure that your personalized credit repair plan is comprehensive enough to boost your credit effectively.

 

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Understanding the Factors that Affect Your Credit Score

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credit score basics

What factors affect your credit score?

If you are going to improve your credit score, then logic has it that you must understand what your credit score is and how it works. Without this information, you won’t be able to very effectively improve your score because you won’t understand how the things you
do in daily life affect your score.

If you don’t understand how your credit works, you will also be at the mercy of any company that tries to tell you how you can improve your score – on their terms and at their price.

In general, your score is a number that lets lenders know how much of a credit risk you are. It’s a number, usually between 300 and 850, that lets lenders know how well you are paying off your debts and how much of a credit risk you are.

In general, the higher your score, the better credit risk you make and the more likely you are to be given credit at great rates. Scores in the low 600s and below will often give you trouble in finding credit, while scores of 720 and above will generally give you the best interest rates out there. However, scores are a lot like GPAs or SAT scores from college days – while they give others a quick snapshot of how you are doing, they are interpreted by people in different ways. Some lenders put more emphasis on scores than others.

Some lenders will work with you if you have the scores in the 600s, while others offer their best rates only to those creditors with very high scores indeed. Some lenders will look at your entire credit report while others will accept or reject your loan application based solely on your score.

The score is based on your credit report, which contains a history of your past debts and repayments. Credit bureaus use computers and mathematical calculations to arrive at a score from the information contained in your credit report.

Each credit bureau uses different methods to do this (which is why you will have different scores with different companies) but most credit bureaus use the FICO system. FICO is an acronym for the score calculating software offered by Fair Isaac Corporation company.

credit score

This is by far the most used software since the Fair Isaac Corporation developed the score model used by many in the financial industry and is still considered one of the leaders in the field.

In fact, scores are sometimes called FICO scores or FICO ratings, although it is important to understand that your score may be tabulated using different software.

One other thing you may want to understand about the software and mathematics that goes into your credit is the fact that the math used by the software is based on research and comparative mathematics. This is an important and simple concept that can help you understand how to boost your credit. In simple terms, what this means is that your credit is in a way calculated on the same principles as your insurance premiums.

Your insurance company likely asks you questions about your health, your lifestyle choices (such as whether you are a smoker) because these bits of information can tell the insurance company how much of a risk you are and how likely you are to make large claims later on. This is based on research.

Studies have shown, for example, that smokers tend to be more prone to serious illnesses and so require more medical attention. If you are a smoker, you may face higher insurance premiums because of this.

Similarly, credit bureaus and lenders often look at general patterns. Since people with too many debts tend not to have great rates of repayment, your credit may suffer if you have too many debts, for example. Understanding this can help you in two ways:

1) It will let you see that your credit is not a personal reflection of how “good” or “bad” you are with money. Rather, it is a reflection of how well lenders and companies think you will repay your bills – based on information gathered from studying other
people.

2) It will let you see that if you want to improve your credit, you need to work on becoming the sort of debtor that studies have shown tends to repay their bills. You do not have to work hard to reinvent yourself financially and you do not have to start making much more money. You just need to be a reliable lender. This realization alone should help make credit repair far less stressful!

Credit reports are put together by credit bureaus, which use information from client companies. It works like this: credit bureaus have clients – such as credit card companies and utility companies, to name just two – who provide them with information.

Once a file is begun on you (i.e. once you open a bank account or have bills to pay) then information about you is stored on the record. If you are late paying a bill, the clients call the credit bureaus and note this. Any unpaid bills, overdue bills, or other problems with credit count as “dings” on your credit report and affect your score.

Information such as what type of debt you have, how much debt you have, how regularly you pay your bills on time, and your credit accounts are all information that is used to calculate your credit.

Your age, sex, and income do not count towards your credit score. The actual formula used by credit bureaus to calculate credit scores is a well-kept secret, but it is known that recent account activity, debts, length of credit, unpaid accounts, and types of credit are
among the things that count the most in tabulating credit from a credit report.

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